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Methodological aspects of target program method of planning and management have been considered, disclosing their role, nature, essence and opportunities in the field of solving the problems in the country's economy and particularly in agriculture. Given structural layout for development of target programs should facilitate the achievement of maximum final results.
Methodological principles for determining the effect of crisis on the AIC and agriculture of Russia have been considered, analyzing threats and opportunities of developing agrarian production under crisis conditions. Proposed measures should mitigate the negative effect and show the prospects of development in agriculture within the period of crisis at federal, regional, municipal and economic levels.
Paradoxes in negative statistical correlation between food consumption and household size (Deaton-Paxson paradox) have been considered and evaluated. The analysis of this correlation is based on data of sample surveillance of household budgets in the Russian Federation. Corresponding formulas for calculations are given, presenting the evaluation of Engel's nonparametric curves for households with different size and composition.
Glazunov V., Serdobintsev D.
The order of definition and competitiveness formation has been considered. The basic factors influencing competitiveness of meat and meat products are defined. The analysis of consumer preferences of buyers and evaluation of competitiveness of meat and meat products are carried out
Land market, collateral land relations (mortgages) have been considered, offering a model for creating mortgage crediting system in the AIC with account of current situation.
The article deals with sources that form food supply at regional market of Pre-Volga federal district, indicating specific features in consumer preferences and their accounting by food producers and raising the problem of competitiveness at food market both between domestic enterprises and across «imported and domestic food».
Il'in A., Ivanov M.
The trends in changing levels of labor resources availability in agricultural organizations and the effectiveness of their use depending on material stimulation have been defined, offering a variant of material stimulation system for workers of agricultural organizations with account of tariff coefficients, encouraging and stimulating payments.
The agrarian policy in Russia at Soviet and post-Soviet periods has been analyzed, enumerating the reasons why collective and Soviet farms could not and cannot nowadays operate efficiently, although these forms are quite viable. Ways for recovery from crisis are suggested.
Nechaev V., Tyupakova N.
Comparative evaluation of notions «tax» and «taxation» has been carried out, disclosing the contents of tax elements. Suggested standard tax structure determines basic tax elements for existing taxes in taxation system of Russia.
Semkin A., Kuznetsov S., Krivopusk V.
The essence of the notion «sustainable development of the AIC» has been analyzed, including such necessary conditions of stability as profitability of production, cost reduction, differentiated financial support of rural commodity producers. Used as an example are the data from enterprises of Domodedovsky raion, Moscow oblast.
Given analysis of agricultural commodity producers' structure has presented the distribution of state support for development of agriproduction across categories of farms. The effect of state subsidies on efficiency of agrarian production is shown and the essential lines of state support are defined.
The dynamics of labor resources reproduction in the Republic of Buryatia has been analyzed at three levels: rural, urban and republican ones, revealing negative trends in reproduction across components younger and older than the efficient age and envisaging ways for surmounting these trends.
The market of industrial inputs (services) and dynamics of price ratios of material-technical resources for agriculture have been studied, revealing painful points of development, offering conceptual aspects for surmounting retardation in reproductive process and lines for economic regulation of AIC markets, the first sphere included.
One of methods for perfecting regional policies of development in the countryside implies its differentiation. Considered as an approach to resolving this problem is the typology of administrative districts on example of Bryansk oblast.