The problems of determining ecologo-economic effectiveness of reclaimed land have been studied, defining optimal volumes of reconstructing the reclaimed land, which insure maximum production of farm goods and maximum profit, on example of Pinsk district of Brest oblast.
Tkach A., Romanova Yu., Tret'yakova G.
The significance of implementing the priority national project «The development of the AIC», the State program «The development of agriculture and regulation of markets of agricultural produce, raw stuffs and food for 2008-2012» has been shown, presenting the advanced experience of work in regional consumers' unions and suggesting some measures on strengthening personnel potential of cooperation, establishing a scientific center on problems of cooperation.
The factors affecting the world food market have been considered, stating the concept of global supply chain in food stuffs. The changes in the structure of world agricultural trade were also presented.
Stadnik A., Chernova S., Grigor'ev N.
The approaches to elaborating the prospects of development in agriculture have been shown on the basis of a system of indicators: productive, economic- resulting and social. Presented diagram shows the market-indicating economic mechanism of management.
The state of art in the agroindustrial complex of the Republic Sakha (Yakutia) has been shown, describing the lines of solving social problems of the countryside. The economic mechanism of management in agrarian sector of economy was disclosed, giving suggestions on its further improvement.
Vostrikov N., Yeliseeva Т.
The example of Novosibirsk oblast has demonstrated the effectiveness of processing the produce of plant growing in own shops of agricultural enterprises. It determined the factors that enable to raise the effectiveness of functioning low capacity shops.
Dugin P., Rychagova M.
Qualitative and quantitative analysis in various categories and kinds of production costs has been presented, giving the characteristic of reasons and factors, qualitative transitions and regularities of changes in maximum costs.
The periods of development in commercial production of horticultural goods in Russia have been studied and characterized, stating and analyzing economic indicators, which feature the ratio between the large and small production in subbranches, evaluating them from the viewpoint of advantages and stability with the aim of selecting the priorities of development. Also shown are the lines of branch intensification, which are capable to insure the efficient conduct of economic activity.
The state of solvency in agricultural organizations of Volgograd oblast has been characterized, evaluating the effect of implementing the priority national project «The development of the AIC» and oblast target program «The development of the AIC in Volgograd oblast for the period 2007-2010» on mitigation of deficit of own means in organizations of the AIC.
Retrospective analysis of integrating process in agroindustrial spheres of the Northern region has been given, determining the prospects of their association with «productive» spheres of industry. Hypertrophy development of fuel-energy complex of the region was motivated to reveal the dependency of agroindustrial sector on excavation of natural resources and conjuncture of prices for commodities and securities in world markets.
New trends in development of organization and legal forms of agricultural production cooperatives have been considered, giving the characteristic of basic changes in legal regulation of their activity.
Kosolapova M., Svobodin V.
Methodological issues of effectiveness in capital turnover stages have been studied, revealing the connection with reproduction process, effectiveness, capital turnover, reproduction, spheres of production and turnover, stages of procurement, production and sale, logistical and marketing systems, factorial analysis.
A method for evaluating the dynamics of costs for production of farm goods in comparable prices has been offered, making calculations on example of agricultural enterprises of Leningrad oblast. The changes in self-cost structure were analyzed, suggesting some measures to reduce self-cost and raise the profitability in production of goods.
The main theoretical ideas of multifunctional agriculture have been expounded, featuring in the context of this theory various types of agricultural firms, some of those oriented for production of farm goods, others - for production of public goods; demonstrating their basic differences. It proves the necessity of creating favorable conditions for developing all types of agricultural organizations, both industrial and traditional. Main principle ideas, approved in the State program of development of agriculture, were also presented.
The necessity and significance of biofuel production has been motivated for the sake of reducing crude oil and gas consumption. The state and prospects of development in biofuel production -were analyzed, along with economic and ecological effectiveness.
The necessity of-wider employment of renewable energy sources has been motivated, showing potential sources of raw stuffs for development of bioenergetics, considering the role of state in development of bioenergetics and offering some measures to increase energy production on expenses ofbiofuels.
The Results of the analysis are represented concerning the influence of a forest deficiency level along tillage on economic and ecology efficiency of agriculture and grain growing in the activity of agricultural enterprises in Chuvashia and Jadrin region in particular. Method of economic and statistical classification of the production data is developed as the extensive one for economic effect determination of land and forest improvement on the scale of analysed area and the republic.
Denisov V., Asmus O.
The analysis of rural unemployment in Ul'yanovsk oblast has been given, offering some steps on reduction of unemployment and leveling its seasonal nature.
The necessity of developing the marketing strategy of an enterprise has been motivated, offering multifactor model, which reflects the effect of many factors on consumers' demand for sausage produce of meat processing enterprises.
The state and level of development in animal husbandry of Voronezh oblast and Russian Federation has been analyzed, forecasting the growth of production as a result of implementing the national project «The development of the AIC» in the oblast. From the viewpoint of systemic approach were determined the basic lines and measures for state regulation of prices for produce of agriculture and industrial inputs, supplied to agrarian sector of economy.