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The state of agricultural production of Central Chernozem region has been considered, denoting positive and negative trends in the branch and their causes. Ways of recovery from existing situation were determined: development of leasing, formation of secondary market of implements, creation of cooperatives with different type, integrated structures. Also focused is the necessity of state regulation of agroindustrial market, improvement of crediting and taxation of agricultural enterprises.
The experience of financial sanitation by low-cost methods in SPK «Cheremoshny» of Oryol oblast has been stated, primarily by improving the system of control over the enterprise and use of internal reserves.
Romanenko A.A., Prudnikov A., Nechaev V., Frolova L.
Financial state of agricultural enterprises of Krasnodar krai has been considered. For control over their financial activity and revival of investment activity will be necessary to improve crediting policy and state regulation of financial sphere.
The goals in all levels of state control over the Russian agricomplex have been considered, revealing their unsatisfactory realization which negatively influences the effectiveness of agrarian production. Also motivated as the necessity of state support for agrarian sector to ensure agrifood security.
Metelev A., Afanasiev N.
Accelerated development in conjugated branches of Russian economy has been considered, laying harmonious standard value structure of capital into the basis of selecting locomotives. Standard bioenergetic level of effectiveness of technologies in poultry farming was used to describe the theory interbranch coordinating price formation. Correlation factors were determined, indicating the dependency of standard price of commodity on the price of one labor hour of hired worker.
РЕЗЮМЕ. Изложена методика оценки информационного обеспечения управ-ленцев в сельскохозяйственном предприятии. Предложены две перспективные и доступные формы применения новых информационных технологий. Их использова-ние позволит персоналу управления повысить качество принимаемых решений.
Smirnova M., Mark I.
Optimizing model of milk production has been described, enabling to calculate variants of fodder production in a farm, as well as cattle diet structures. Realizing production goals by the use of such model permits to find reserves of an agricultural enterprise and cut self-costs of milk production, increasing profits.
The situation in grain subcomplex of Russia has been analyzed, suggesting some measures to raise grain production, motivating the necessity to develop state policy of protectionism with respect to grain subcomplex.
Forms of specialization of production in swine farming have been considered, revealing the dependency between the level of specialization and concentration of production and economic effectiveness of swine farming in specialized farms of Moscow oblast. Classification of processes of specialization and cooperation in swine farming was stated, analyzing the types of production cooperation in the branch.
The influence of integrated agroindustrial formations on development of agriculture has been analyzed. Despite the fact that they become basic suppliers of agricultural produce, these structures restrict the rights of incorporated elements, causing land alienation from direct agricultural commodity producers. It was suggested to perform sanitation of detrimental agricultural enterprises, ensure the development of cooperative-type firms, small and medium business, commercial cooperation of large integrated structures and small agricultural enterprises.