The results of activity in agriculture as a whole and particular branches of agrarian sector of economy in 2005 have been summarized, following the dynamics of development in agrifood market, formation of consumers 'prices and life level of rural population. Some major systemic problems of agroindustrial and fishery complexes were enumerated indicating the ways of their surmounting. Basic lines of priority project of the «AIC development» were stated, as well as measures elaborated with the aim of its implementation and perspective tasks.
Modern state in development of production and consumers' cooperation has been analyzed, denoting leader regions, considering the problems in development of agricultural cooperation and determining the lines of forming production and consumers' cooperatives.
Methods for calculating the forecast of food market structure have been considered, presenting quantitative evaluation of markets of food produce, their capacities in the region.
. Low level of profitability of rural population has been denoted, which becomes the reason of diminishing effectiveness of economies; destructive action on economy of price disparity. It was recommended while making forecast evaluation of development trends to widely enlighten prospective situation along with development of social-labor sphere in the countryside.
The socioeconomic state of agricultural branch has been estimated, featuring natural resources, material-technical, financial, demographic and social components of development in agrarian sector. It proves the necessity of operative workout of the long-term forecast and long-term program of development in the AIC and rural territories.
Specific features of forming maize grain market have been considered, presenting comparative data on maize cultivation areas in the Southern federal district and in Russia as a whole, giving the characteristic of regional markets for grain sales and motivating the necessity of a single analytical center of research into the processes which take place at the agrarian market of the region.
Placed under consideration is the market transformation of Soviet-type agrarian sector. Conditions of technology modernization in agri production and restructurization of multibranch economies were enumerated along with SWOT analysis of potential opportunities of agricultural enterprises and external conditions. Forecasting qualitative changes in agrarian sector was made for the period from 2008 till 2010.
The reasons of low wages for workers in agriculture have been analyzed, motivating the feasibility of introducing cost-account in all sections and designating basic ways to strengthen the economy of farms and raise the wages.
. The necessity of enhancing personnel security of enterprises has been motivated, analyzing inner and outer dangers which cause damage to an enterprise. The organization of personnel file management was suggested, indicating the necessity of interaction between personnel service and economic security.
It has been stated that no qualitatively positive changes occur within the system of state control over the economy and rural territories. Hence, there are no grounds for optimistic forecast of development in the A 1С of Russia for the nearest perspective.
A short characteristic of agricultural production has been given, denoting irrational use of agricultural lands and analyzing the opportunities of further development of farmer movement in the country.
The feasibility of developing rape cultivation in the Republic of Bashkortostan has been motivated, stating the advantages of this crop as compared with other oil crops. The description of main technological patterns for production of vegetable oil from rape was also given.
The trustworthiness of forecasting the AIC development for 2005 has been estimated, enlightening positive and negative processes in functioning of agrarian sector during the previous year. Basic characteristic of forecast situations in agriproduction was given, enumerating priority measures on improvement of the situation in the AIC.
The role of agriculture in providing food to the Republic has been shown, motivating the specialization of agriculture in regions and stressing the role of science and the problem of personnel training for enhancing the effectiveness of agricultural produce. Also considered is the State Program of revival and development of the countryside for 2005-2010. The phases of development were stated at the farm «Ostromechevo» under new market conditions.
Material and technical state of AIC enterprises, including those of processing and food industry has been analyzed in Krasnodar krai. The necessity of enhancing the state regulation of economic and financial processes was motivated; enlightening basic lines of the state support and protection of domestic commodity producers in all spheres of the AIC.