Kiyanova Olga Nikolaevna, Panova Marina Nikolaevna
The article is dedicated to the problem of using the Russian language as the state language of the Russian Federation in the administrative and legal sphere and its reflection in the programs of additional professional education of state civil servants. When creating and implementing such programs, it is necessary to pay attention to the difficulties of usage, grammar and stylistics of the Russian language, as well as to take into account the contradictions between the recommendations of academic dictionaries and the real speech practice of legislators, public administration employees and strive for an early resolution (settlement) of this problem.
Antipova Alyona Aleksandrovna, Kasarkina Elena Nikolaevna
The article examines the role of professional standards in the modern Russia as the labor market, and for the development of the higher education system. Reviewed the process of the emergence and development of professional standards in the domestic legal field. Examples of the development, improvement and wide introduction in practice of professional standards in foreign countries. Explains the importance and problems of professional standards in the formation of educational programs in higher education. For example, the project of the Federal state educational standard of higher education direction of training 39.03.02 Social work is the process of incorporating elements of professional standards in educational standards taking into account the competence approach. The obtained results reveal the characteristics, successes, problems and possible perspectives that emerges in the process of professional standards in the formation of educational programs in higher education.
Beketov Oleg Ivanovich, Solovej Yurij Petrovich, Kulikova Tatyana Borisovna
В год пятилетия вступления в силу Федерального закона от 29 декабря 2012 г. № 273-ФЗ «Об образовании в Российской Федерации» авторы предлагают вновь вернуться к рассмотрению возможности разработки и принятия Кодекса РФ об образовании. Необходимость реанимации этой идеи обусловлена наличием ряда проблемных ситуаций и пробелов в правовом регулировании образовательных отношений. История систематизации законодательства об образовании и практика применения названного закона, по мнению авторов, убедительно свидетельствуют о том, что вопрос о кодексе был закрыт преждевременно, формат и рамки действующего закона не позволили отразить многие процедурные аспекты образовательных правоотношений, которые требуют сегодня четкой регламентации. При этом речь не идет о революционной ревизии норм закона или о новой дискуссии о юридической силе кодекса в сравнении с федеральным законом. В статье раскрываются две формы развития указанной идеи.
Bondarenko Dmitry Vladimirovich
The article discusses aspects of the implementation of the international obligations of the USSR and the Russian Federation in the field of language education policy making extracts from the texts of international reports presented at the meetings of the various Committees of the UN and enshrined in relevant international legal documents (reports).
Syubareva Irina Fedorovna
The article deals with the tendencies related to legal regulation regime of income-producing activities in the sphere of education, and its legislative recognition with regard to harmonization of terms, individual entrepreneurship, educational services, use of state-owned property in civil circulation. It is emphasized that there is a progressive trend in the tendency of intensification of legal regulation in property relations involving educational organizations. Special attention is paid to the tendencies of commercialization of educational organizations’ activities, which is pre-conditioned by cutting of the state interference into economics of educational organizations and introduction of allowable approach in the legal regulation of income-producing activities.
Olennikov Sergei Mikhilovich, Vasilev Ilia Alexandrovich
Authors give a review on network form realization of the educational programs, and joint educational programs as the newest legal institutions in Federal Act «On Education in the Russian Federation». Meanwhile, as far as Russian universities are incorporated to the international educational area, new successful projects as BRICS, CIS, SCO network universities are necessary to be classified. All three examples are unique in legal base, aims, and principles of educational services. Some common issues may also be found. Network partnership as a realization of the educational programs supposes to us at least two questions. On one hand, could joint educational programs of the network universities be realized as a network form? On the other hand, could it be not a network form, but only a joint realization of the educational programs. Authors give an answers to this questions.
Zhidikin Andrey Aleksandrovich
The article presents the results of a comparative legal research of the legal status of state languages in foreign countries (USA, Canada, France, Switzerland, Finland, etc.). Based on the analysis of regulatory legal acts of foreign countries, it is concluded that the legal status of official (official) languages depends on the state structure, national composition of the population, traditions, legal culture of these states, and also on the language policy pursued by this or that state. Estimating experience of a number of the states in language policy and language building, the author notes the common desire for these states to strengthen the status of the state languages, to increase its importance and prestige what points a constitutional legal status of these languages to and also gives the generalized models of legislative fixing of language as state: unicomponent - with one state language (France, Denmark), two-component (Canada, Cyprus), multicomponent (Switzerland).
Ginsburg Yurij Vladimirovich
The article analyzes the legal usage of disputes between Federal Education and Science Supervision Service and educational institutions of higher education over the regulation of educational activities. The procedural features of this dispute category as well as the legal positions of courts on the application of educational legislation are considered.
Kovalenko Sergei Alexandrovich, Tkach Gennady Fedorovich, Filippov Vladimir Mihailovich
The article considers the main directions of international educational legislation development in the field of qualifications recognition. Over the past half century, the changes in this area have affected not only the very concept of recognition, but also the mechanisms for its implementation. An exceptional role has been played by two international organizations: UNESCO and the Council of Europe. The paper provides a brief overview of international agreements in the field of qualifications recognition developed by these organizations. Special attention is paid to the joint (UNESCO and the Council of Europe) Lisbon Convention, which has become a significant milestone in the development of international educational legislation in the field of recognition. The article provides a brief comparative analysis of the Lisbon Convention and the draft of the now-developed Global Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications in Higher Education.
Ryabova Elena Nikolaevna
The article presents an analysis of the provisions of the Federal Law «On Education in the Russian Federation», containing measures of social support and stimulation of students in various types of educational institutions. The author shows the relevance and importance of these support measures, describes the order of their provision, including with respect to certain socially vulnerable categories of students. The article proposes a classification of fixed measures of social support and stimulation depending on the form of provision, the category of students, the type of problem being solved for them. At the end of the article, the author singled out the peculiarities, including the shortcomings, of the legal regulation of measures of social support and stimulation in the sphere of education. The materials of the article are useful for theorists and practitioners engaged in the issues of social protection of students, as well as for increasing the legal literacy of the students themselves.
Sheveleva Natalya Alexandrovna
The article analyses the applicable law of the educational sector which regulates e-training, using of distance learning technology and on-line courses. The intention of the article is the attempt to label the amount of questions which can and must be regulated by local acts of the educational institution, that tries to use on-line courses together with traditional educational process, as well as define the borders of local law making captured in federal legislation in order to secure rights and interests of students and teachers. As a result of author’s research there are several main conclusions. First, on-line courses are admissible and acceptable fact in traditional educational process, which is able to replace the conservative types of educational process (lectures, seminars, accreditation, etc.) Second, e-training cannot be viewed as aggregate of on-line courses. There is the direct contact between a student and a teacher but the area is changed and lecture hall as a physical room gives place to the IT environment, where trainer and trainee exist separately in time and space and communicate whenever they have time. Third, applicable educational law allows to consider the law-making process of using on-line courses as a domain of the educational institute.
Bodyakina Tatiana Pavlovna, Gartseva Yulia Evgenyevna
Issues of fulfilling of state guarantees of implementation of right to education in terms of purchasing textbooks and workbooks are considered in the article. Special attention is payed to the mechanism of financial provision of textbooks purchase, the order of determination of need in purchase, the ways of purchase. Problems revealing by library funds creation are indicated in the article.
Nasonkin Vladimir Vladislavovich
Hachikyan Elena Ivanovna, Filippova Tatyana Ivanovna, Patsakula Irina Ivanovna
The article is devoted to a problem of assessment of grant activity of scientists as one of the most important indicators of a scientific potential condition in regions of Russia. That is dictated by modern realities when not always scientists are informed on available forms of grant support of research and, respectively, are poorly involved in grant activity. This problem is considered through a prism of the analysis of its socio-legal aspects. The article considers the terminological analysis of the concept «grant» and the problems connected with plurality of its treatments in Russian legislation. The relevance of assessment of grant activity of scientists in regions of Russia is emphasized, including for obligatory monitoring of effectiveness the scientific organizations and higher education institutions of our country. The authors have carried out assessment of grant activity of scientists for Kaluga region - one of dynamically developing regions of Russian Federation with high concentration of scientists.
Khrushchev Yurij Vladimirovich, Kalyak Andrey Mihailovich
The article contains analysis of the law of Ukraine «On education» of 2017, reveals its positive sides and shortcomings. The emphasis is on the justification of the educational relationship as a kind of legal relationship that the law replaced the terms «educational process» and «educational service». As a result, the regulation of educational relations becomes incomplete, contradictory, and insufficient consistent. An effective means of overcoming the mentioned drawbacks of the legislation on education in a coherent system recognizes its codification through the preparation and adoption of the education code.
Volkova Natalia Sergeevna
The article is dedicated to the study of the problems of legal regulation of the issues of transport provision of students. The regulatory legal acts of the federal level and of the level of subjects of the Russian Federation that govern these issues were researched. The practice of their usage was researched.The problems arising in the process of realization of students' rights for transport were identified. Judicial decisions made in connection with violation of educational rights in the part of failing to provide students with school transport were analyzed.The legal position of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation was examined in details on the issue under consideration formulated in Resolution No. 18-P of July 5, 2017 «On the case on verification of the constitutionality of Part 2 of Article 40 of the Federal Law "Оn Education in the Russian Federation"». The particular attention was paid to the foreign experience of regulation of these issues.
Vassilieva Liya Nikolaevna
The article emphasizes that the formation of a single consolidating system of values is possible and legal means. An information component on the unity of Russian nation should be given a significant importance in realizing the directions of the state national policy of the Russian Federation. At the same time, the emergence of a single Russian nation is impossible without ensuring the unity of the nation in the political, economic and social spheres. The role of education in the formation of approaches to understanding the term «Russian nation» is significant. The author also focuses on the development of Russian legislation in the sphere of interethnic relations in general. In the article discuss topical issue of the development of federal legislation as the preservation and development of the national language, the support of the native minorities of the Russian Federation, the consolidation of the concept of «Russians» in the activities of educational organizations.