Yareshko Alexander S.
Art of S. Rakhmaninov is deeply national. One of the most important sources of compositor’s music is chime. It became a natural part of Russian national life for artistic consciousness of Rakhmaninov. The famous prelude cis-moll (op. 3) deeply repeats music of bells’ ringing. Semantics of this earlier composition had an influence on many compositions of author.Rakhmaninov bases on typified classic forms, at the same time he is a bright innovator. These innovation properties of his music are shown in realization of bells’ ringing. Proofs of this are best compositions of Rakhmaninov.
Fedyanina Elena V.
The problem of melodics is one of the most important questions of musicology. Nowadays melodics has changed a lot as well as the other elements of musical language. Leading musicologists mention such characteristics of modern melodics as polymelodism, linear-melodically coverage of large structures, instrumentalization.This article is devoted to research of contemporary melodics peculiarities in the creation of Roman Semyonovich Ledenyov, the recognized melodist of our times. The composer’s creation presents works of various genres. Among them the epic poem «Song of Igor’s Campaign», the ballet «Tale about Green Spheres», the symphony «Russia the Green and Snow-White», instrumental concertos with orchestra, including the Concert Fantasia for Violin and Orchestra «Something the Unclear...», works for chamber ensembles, piano and other instruments. Choral music takes an important place, especially choral cycles, among them «The Seasons» for two choirs and instrumental ensemble, «Bunin’s Triptych», «Klyuev’s Triptych» and many others. Identity and originality of composer’s style, the enigma of his creation are defined considerably by melodics phenomenon, some features of which can be revealed only with introduction of new terms. At the same time the composer’s style is connected to a large extent with traditions of Russian music art, with development of «expanded melodism», which is characteristic for creation ofS. Rachmaninov, S. Prokofiev, G. Sviridov. These and some other questions of contemporary melodics are considered in the present article.Many serious researches have been devoted to the music of R. Ledenyov, however, they do not contain special study of melodics, which composer consider the most important element of music language. This emphasize the relevance of this research. We shall note that questions of melodics are also reflected in literary works of R. Ledenyov, what allow more concrete approach to this problem.
Svetlana Ivanovna Khudozhnikova
The scientific work of musicians (singers and musicians) is often associated with translations. The translation is not entirely consistent with the original, distorts the meaning and cannot be fully useful in research activities. Comparisons published translation of one of the most important treatises of the XVIII century «Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen» by J. J. Quantz identified a number of difficulties faced by translators. Historical periods in which was written a treatise and made a modern translation, are different. For three centuries, changes have occurred in the style of the language and the system of musical terms and concepts. The author of this article was the first to make a full Russian translation of this treatise J. J. Quantz. The real work is devoted to analysis of relevant published translations of the historic original.
Nevalyanaya Violetta V.
Two American singers Ella Fitzgerald and Billie Holliday began their career simultaneously, but each of them has developed her own individual performance style. For example, a lullaby of Clara «Summertime» from the opera «Porgy and Bess» by George Gershwin can be traced in the work of both singers. Ella Fitzgerald in the performance of «Summertime» adheres to the original version of the composition, only adding some touches typical for jazz music and its performing art. Billie Holliday sound brings operatic aria to the American popular ballad. The singer uses the declamatory manner of presentation of the musical material and gets a pop song to perform in a club.
БЕЛЕНОВ Л.Д., КАРПОВ П.Е.