ОБСЕРВАТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ

2588-0047

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение Российская государственная библиотека
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=25173

Content

Artistic Provocativeness: Method — Technique — Purpose as Exemplified by Musical Texts and Contemporary Art Projects

Guseva Helen

Artistic Provocativeness: Method — Technique — Purpose as Exemplified by Musical Texts and Contemporary Art Projects ( by Helen Guseva ) tries to comprehend the phenomenon of artistic provocativeness in contemporary artistic texts. A set of examples illustrates that this phenomenon is not only a communicative strategy or a type of socialpsychological influence method but also fulfils artisticexpressive and sensecreating functions within the text. The role and purpose of artistic provocativeness are formulated.

Biographical Type: from Concept Legitimation to Conceptual Foundations

Artamoshkina Lyudmila

Biographical Type: from Concept Legitimation to Conceptual Foundations ( by Lyudmila Artamoshkina ) considers the notion of “biographical type” in the context of typification in culture. The author studies the problem of detecting patterns in creation of the image and its functioning in culture and typification processes given by them. It also reveals the need to develop a conceptual basis for the biographical method to identify key concepts that may clarify the principles, opportunities, and criteria for the use of the biographical method.

Biographical Type: from Concept Legitimation to Conceptual Foundations

Ardamatskaya Diana

Biographical Type: from Concept Legitimation to Conceptual Foundations ( by Lyudmila Artamoshkina ) considers the notion of “biographical type” in the context of typification in culture. The author studies the problem of detecting patterns in creation of the image and its functioning in culture and typification processes given by them. It also reveals the need to develop a conceptual basis for the biographical method to identify key concepts that may clarify the principles, opportunities, and criteria for the use of the biographical method.

Doctrine of Parody in the Context of Russian (St. Petersburg) AvantGarde

Troitsky Sergey

Doctrine of Parody in the Context of Russian (St. Petersburg) AvantGarde ( by Sergey Troitsky ) considers parody as an ontological and epistemological problem of Russian (St. Petersburg) of the 1920s. It explains why the Russian AvantGarde thinkers suggested and developed a theory of parody in 1920s. The cultural and political context of the theory is analyzed.

Engineers of Human Desires

Smirnyagin Sergey

Engineers of Human Desires ( by Sergey Smirnyagin ) analyses the process of introducing the concept of copywriting into the social and cultural space of modern Russia, its relevance for various organizations and institutions. The author pays special attention to the basic principles of writing texts for advertising and public relations using academic research, works of specialists, and his own 25year experience.

Formation of Cultural Boundaries within the Russian Immigrants’ Space — Evidence from Germany

Bazanov Bartholomew

Formation of Cultural Boundaries within the Russian Immigrants’ Space — Evidence from Germany ( by Bartholomew Bazanov ) is based on a qualitative case study and describes the formation of cultural differences between groups of immigrants. The author compares historical features of the outcome, expectation, peculiarities of the integration process, establishing contacts and media interests and identifies two unequal groups with different communication cultures and attitudes.

Iconography of the Virgin “Thy Womb Has Become a Holy Table” and Its Semantics

Suvorova Eugenia

Iconography of the Virgin “Thy Womb Has Become a Holy Table” and Its Semantics ( by Eugenia Suvorova ) is devoted to the topical issue of the new and nontraditional images of the Virgin in Russia that emerged in Romanovs’ epoch. In particular, the new iconography of the Virgin “Thy Womb Has Become a Holy Table” that appeared at the end of the 17th century is considered and its narrative and visual sources are revealed.

Local Cultural Heritage: Who Saves It in Great Britain and How

Barysheva E.A.

The history of establishing a new award in the field of immovable heritage preservation founded by Andrew Lloyd Webber, lists its categories and characterises the projects awarded in 2011. The author highlights importance of developing similar forms to celebrate efforts to restore historic monuments and the significance of this experience for Russia

Modern as a Cultural Style

Orlova Elna

Modern as a Cultural Style ( by Elna Orlova ) is devoted to the selection of initial assumptions that restrict and organize Modern as a cultural style. The article identifies the main stylistic directions that are common to philosophy, science, and art, and the principles of which are found in the syncretic phase of Modern and become autonomous components of European culture in the 20th century. It also defines their historical and pancultural specifics and shows that the outstanding philosophical and world outlook problems of Modern have become prerequisites for reflection within the Postmodern.

Mourning of Muharram in Ritual Practice of Shia Islam

Seyidova Gulchohra

Mourning of Muharram in Ritual Practice of Shia Islam (by Gulchohra Seyidova) considers the central Shia ritual of worship or the remembrance feast on Shia Imams celebrated in the month of Muharram — the first month of the Muslim calendar. The author describes specificity of the feast in Dagestan, particularly in Derbent and its surroundings, and the mechanism of transferring cultural patterns and content from one generation to another.

New Museology: Modern View on Genesis and Evolution of the Movement

Kuklinova Irina

New Museology: Modern View on Genesis and Evolution of the Movement (by Irina Kuklinova) analyses modern estimates of “New Museology” as a special movement within the museum community. Several decades, that passed from the moment of declaring new ideas, allow today to address both the question of the movement genesis and the destiny of the principles proclaimed.

Pastiche and Narrative Technologies: Designing Aesthetic Space for Advertising Communication

Tushevskaya Irena

Pastiche and Narrative Technologies: Designing Aesthetic Space for Advertising Communication ( by Irena Tushevskaya) considers a pastichenarrative as a cultural trend of contemporary communications marketing. It studies relationships between the narrative and pastiche in pragmatics of advertising and reveals the influence of pastiche technologies on formation of the aesthetic space of the marketing communication systems.

Public Opinion as a Governing Institution in Ancient Democracies

Gasparishvili Alexander

Public Opinion as a Governing Institution in Ancient Democracies ( by Alexander Gasparishvili ) considers the problem of public opinion functioning in ancient societies, identifies features of the institute of public opinion in Ancient Greek citystates and Roman Republic.

Remakes in Contemporary Cultural and Leisure Activities: Application Practices

Ruksha Gennady

Remakes in Contemporary Cultural and Leisure Activities: Application Practices ( by Gennady Ruksha ) analyzes the role and place of remake in modern cultural process in Russia, including filmmaking, music, television, art, and discusses techniques and patterns of remake as technology. It is proved that the modern cultural institutions widely use forms and content of the cultural events of past years. As a common example of a remake the author considers carnivals and popular universities of culture.

Sergey D. Skazkin — Historian, Educator and Artist (based on the Archive Collection of the Russian Academy of Sciences)

Filippova Olga

Sergey D. Skazkin — Historian, Educator and Artist (based on the Archive Collection of the Russian Academy of Sciences) ( by Olga Filippova ) presents an essayaccount of academic and creative activities of the academician Sergey D. Skazkin (1890—1973), who was a historian and educator and whose interests ranged from basic methodology issues, problems of Modern and the early medieval history, people’s movements, economic, political, and cultural history, international relations, law, and historiography to Russian literature and culture of the 19th century. Sergey D. Skazkin was not only a talented historian, but also a man of high and diverse culture, a connoisseur of music, literature, and painting, the author of landscape sketches.

Significant Contribution to the Methodology of Research in SocioCultural Activities

Stolyarov Yury

Significant Contribution to the Methodology of Research in SocioCultural Activities (by Yury Stolyarov) presents a review of the book by N.N. Yaroshenko “The History of the Theory and Methodology of Social and Cultural Activities” published in 2013.

Style Particularity of the Autobiographical Prose by Mikhail E. SaltykovShchedrin: Home Space

Kudryashova Alexandra

Style Particularity of the Autobiographical Prose by Mikhail E. SaltykovShchedrin: Home Space ( by Alexandra Kudryashova ) reveals the originality of Mikhail SaltykovShchedrin`s — a classic of the 19th century — autobiographical method. The universal genre features show the individual style and pathos of the writer. Difficulties of genre synthesis and nonconventional for satirical prose pathos and methods of realistic grotesque define the Homespace singularity. Statistic dominant in SaltykovShchedrin's style is nontraditional for prose plot as well.

“The Hardest Thing Is to Be the King for Yourself”: Buddhist Ideas in “Oriental Legends” by Dmitry MaminSibiryak

Bernyukevitch Tatiana

“The Hardest Thing Is to Be the King for Yourself”: Buddhist Ideas in “Oriental Legends” by Dmitry MaminSibiryak ( by Tatiana Bernyukevitch ) traces the reception of Buddhism in the works of Dmitry MaminSibiryak through Arthur Schopenhauer's philosophy. The author analyzes the “oriental legends” of the writer (“Baymagan”, “Queen's Tears”, “Hatyngaya Swan”, “Maya”), tries to determine the motives, ideas, and reminiscences, which can be correlated with the Buddhist philosophy.

World Artistic Culture: A Complex of Educational and Method Materials for the Master's Degree Programme in Culturology (Specialisation 033000.68)

Gurevich Pavel

World Artistic Culture: A Complex of Educational and Method Materials for the Master's Degree Programme in Culturology (Specialisation 033000.68) ( by Pavel Gurevich ) is worked out in accordance with the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Professional Education (HPE GEF). The disciplin covers topics and issues related to the origin, formation, and development of world culture. It studies the basic philosophical concepts of the origin and functioning of artistic culture, discusses the main cultural and historical periods, showing the development of world culture. Due to the large volume of the concept of “world culture”, the proposed program emphasises the study in visual arts, i.e. the architecture, sculpture, and painting as the essential components of world artistic culture.

Yakov G. Chernikhov: “On the Contrary — from Form to Function”

Lisitsina Yana, Meerovitch Mark

Yakov G. Chernikhov: “On the Contrary — from Form to Function” ( by Yana Lisitsina and Mark Meerovitch ) deals with Yakov Chernikhov’s method of “creative composing” in comparison with the method of architectural design developed by Moisei Ginzburg and his constructivist school. The author orders theoretical, methodical, and practical approaches in Chernikhov’s methodology of architectural shaping and brings them to the single system.

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