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ОБСЕРВАТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ

2588-0047

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение Российская государственная библиотека
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=25173

Content

Acculturation of Temporary Migrants from Foreign Countries in a Large Russian City

Tangalycheva Rimma

Is devoted to intercultural communications and acculturation of foreigners in a large city. It presents approaches to the study of acculturation and to the study of large cities as a space of intercultural communications. Solving of acculturation problems and overcoming difficulties in the process of adapting to the new cultural environment is possible on the basis of cultural assimilator technique that is also presented in this paper. Space of a large city is considered on the example of St. Petersburg, which has been multicultural from its foundation. In modern conditions, the city acquired some of the global features. It determines the topicality of presented research.

Analog Model of Modern Education

Valeyeva Helena

Makes an attempt to represent educational history as a universal form of human text, which consists of antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Enlightenment, XIX and XX centuries, and modernity. Dedicated periods are certain steps to change educational paradigms within a single educational text. Conceptualization process allows one to enter the knowledge to another, and ultimately into the culture. Metaphoremes can log in educational reality "at all times" and help identify all the educational space as an educational universe methodological principle of which is a continuum analysis

Architecture of Totalitarian Epoch in 1930s - 1940s in Japan

Suzuki Youya

Considers the situation of coexistence of various stylistic trends in architecture in Japan in the second quarter of the XX century. Features of the search of national identity and the development of architecture in Japan generally lined with global trends are shown by the example of three key architectural objects of the time: the buildings of Parliament of Japan, the main building of the Imperial museum in Tokyo and the competition on “the Monument of the Great Eastern Asia”

Art of Provocation and Perfect Provocateur

Shemetova Tatiana

Considers the term «provocation» as a conflict between worldviews of the subject and the object of provocation. The subject of provocation - is a perfect provocateur. It is interpreted as a catalyst of modern culture, which has a basic purpose - to destroy binary oppositions and to create reality of the second plane, imaginative work. The author reveals four stages of the perfect provocation and sets «the perfect» provocative method in opposition to «the method of idea»

A Statue as a Fractal Representation of Culture: the Case of the «One&Other» Art-Project

Nikolaeva Helena

Deals with a city statue as a fractal pattern of culture and history. The fractality of city statues and monuments has a distinct conceptual stochastic-aleatoric character. The study reveals special aspects of fractal representation of culture through the example of the «One&Other» art-project (London, 2009) by A. Gormley. It analyses fractal chronotopos of the project and the role of the Other in cultural recursions

Culture Industries in the Digital Age: Music Business crisis in the XXI Century

Strakovich Julia

Deals with contemporary culture which undergoes the great transformation caused by the technological revolution unfolding on the verge of the XXI century. Yesterday’s warrants of social and cultural stability are replaced by today’s new culture norms and social practices. One of this transformation results is crisis of culture industries. In attempt to discuss key reasons of this crisis, the focus of this article was placed on musical culture

Gender Theme in Musical Cultures of World Civilizations

Vasilchenko Helena

Deals with the problem of gender and its interpretation in the musical culture of different civilizations, as well as analyses the problem of male and female musical professionalism and the social status of male and female musitions on the examples of world civilizations. The systematical construction «male and female», which is natural for every society, has to be implied in scientific research of the sound-musical tradition. The support on the anthropomorphous dichotomic idea of the Universe (Heaven and Earth, male and female, light and dark) in the symbolic structure of the musical instruments of many cultures is the universal principle in world music cultures. Thus, the mystical joining in the sect cosmic energy of the two opposite elements - a female and male - was reflected in the symbolic correlation and sounding of a number of Indonesian gamelan instruments. In a number of cultures the categories «male-female» was reflected in the type of the sounding. Generally, three main levels of the «Women - Society - Music» problem could be singled out: 1) participation of women in activities linked this way or another with music making along with men without apparent limitation; 2) female music making separated as a special socio-cultural niche as a result of discriminatory measures reflecting that or other ideology; 3) the moulding of a special layer of music (genres, styles, types, manners of performance) inside the established female music making tradition.

Meaning of "Gaming" Models for Understanding the Genre Identity of V. Nabokov’s Novels "Mary" and "The Gift"

Medvetsky Igor

Considers Vladimir Nabokov's "Russian" novels ("Mary", "The Gift") in several ways: as a "novel memoir", "conditionally adventure novel", "a novel about the fate of genius in the vulgar society". According to the article in these novels there presented a model of the world where the heroes are defined composite "role": "character, which recreates the lost paradise", "beloved hero", "vulgar hero", "omnipotent author". This kit allows Nabokov to construct text in the space of two chronotopes and allusions to the classics

Modernization vs. Archaization in Modern Russia: Iinterrelation, Dynamics, Consequences

Revutskaya Helena

Is devoted to the comparison of two concepts and the phenomena standing behind them: modernization and archaization. Their ratio is considered mainly on the Russian material. Their interrelation, influence on character and dynamics of socio-cultural changes are shown and analyzed by the author.

Paintings of Kazan Artist Grigory Antonovich Medvedev in the Collection of the National Museum Named after Т.Е. Evseev of the Republic of Mari El

Kolcheva Elvira, Svechnikov Sergey

Presents results of studies on the contribution of Kazan artist G.A. Medvedev to the emergence of painting in Mari region in the first third of the XX century. He appears as the artist of the art of Nouveau era and an epoch of formation of socialist realism. Two paintings «Rafting of timber along the Kokshaga» (1920s) and «Stepan Razin on the Volga» are of interest from the point of view of the history of development of Russian art in general.

Promotional and song extravaganza of air: goods in art format

Krylova Alexandra

Is devoted to the promotional song - one of the most popular genres in advertising practice, the impact on the mass consciousness of which is predetermined by music format and reliance on archetypal meanings that bring to the mass consciousness the concepts "song", "music", "art." The author classifies the types of promotional song, highlights musical and stylistic priorities, analyzes the issues of motivation, aesthetics and mnemonic properties of genre

Range of Values of Architectural Monument

Kuznetsova Helena

Presents detailed review of the main values inherent to architectural monuments and draws a distinction between their sources and characteristics. Author analyzes six main values: practical, sacred, historical, artistic, scientific, and urban. The combination of some or all values can give the monument ability to provide emotional impact on the viewer which is examined separately. The sources of this ability can be: an artistic image, appearance (patina, later historical layers), authentic material, relation to the history, as well as the ambience of the building. Each value is determined by a number of features and has a diapason. Particular value is more or less expressed in different monuments, has different quality and potentially can be increased

Religious Dissidence» as a Phenomenon of Spiritual Revival in the USSR in the 60-80s of the XX century

Sazonov Dmitriy

Analyzes such a phenomenon of the 60-80s of the XX century as «religious dissidence». Intelligentsia, which in the 60s began to discover Russian culture, became the right environment, where dissidence came into being. Through spiritual quest educated people came to Church, found God, and could not reconcile with the pressure of state that declared atheism and the struggle against religion its ideological platform which was expressed in the form of the closure of churches, the prohibition of free expression of religious feelings, suppression of the rights and freedoms of the individual etc

Search for the Universal Creative Method in Soviet Photography of the 1930s

Loginov Artjem

Is devoted to identifying the key preconditions that caused the formation of the socialist realism photography. The article also describes the key innovations that have become a consequence of the application of the socialist realism method in the field of photography. One of the main objectives in the article is to show the situation of the collision between different visual concepts and their rejection in favor of the uniform visual method.

System Principles and Museum Law

Rybak Kirill

Considers the specificity of system-wide principles in the legislation of the Russian Federation on culture, in particular, the museum business. Since the relations in the sphere of culture are multifaceted and permeate many areas of human activity that are in contact with the culture, the implementation of the principles of the system can be traced in relation to the museum's activities and, consequently, to comprehensive education in law - the museum law, including in relation to the principle of hierarchy in the allocation of government in the field of culture. In addition, the corruption expertise institution is analyzed, through which the testing of novels in Russian legislation, including legislation on culture, in particular, the museum business is being done

Theatrical Concept of Anatoly Vasilyev: Methodology and Aesthetics

Kolenova Valeria

Considers Anatoly Vasilyev’s creative work in the context of the unique artistic and poetic environment, the main role in which plays the concept «school - laboratory - theatre». To this day Anatoly Vasiliev, the famous Russian director, still engaged in search of technologies of that balance, as well as its aesthetic filling

Travel and Journey Semantics in Austrian Biedermeier Prose

Loshakova Galina

Deals with travel and journey literature (Reiseliteratur) that played an important role in the Biedermeier era. It reflected the desire of the reader - burgher to expand his educational and ideological horizon, created a circle of family reading, raised certain personality traits. Feeling reader's request, Biedermeier prose novelists turned to the images of walks, excursions, trips, journeys and travel within the Austrian cultural and geographical space, and outside it too

What''s the Message of Architecture?

Velikanov Аndrey

Considers the aspects of architecture as a language able to express the current state and to prophetically indicate the upcoming changes. The aesthetic value of a construction cannot be perceived just as a separate entity, but it can be cognized in the context and not only a visual one, in space. It is necessary to see the entire complex of the accompanying phenomena, all the flow of the unfolding metaphors and values. In the model in view the figure of the author-creator must be reconsidered as no longer conforming to today's reality. The development of the Stalinist Empire style, as well as its transformations, is considered as one of the specific phenomena in the history of well-known constructions

World of Childhood in the Projection of the Concept of Regional Cultural Nests of N.K. Piksanov and ideas of I.I. Sreznevsky

Suvorkina Helena

In the context of the projection of the theory of regional cultural nests of N.K. Piksanov on the phenomenon of childhood considers the possibility of creating such a model metaphor as "cultural nest." It is shown that the World of Childhood, as well as the World of Province, can be contrasted to the "center" - the Adult World and the capital. In the projection of ideas of I.I. Sreznevsky the comparison was carried of childhood subculture with the state seeking the independence and entitled to its own language and traditions.

ОПЕРНЫЙ ТЕАТР В РОССИИ ПОСЛЕДНЕЙ ТРЕТИ XIX ВЕКА: НОВОЕ ВРЕМЯ - НОВЫЕ ЗАДАЧИ - НОВЫЕ РУКОВОДИТЕЛИ

ВОЙТКОВСКИЙ СЕРГЕЙ БРОНИСЛАВОВИЧ

Анализируется общественно-политическая и культурная жизнь России последней трети XIX века. Выявляется прямая зависимость изменений в художественной практике оперного театра от роста общественного внимания к культуре и искусству. Раскрывается значение творческих достижений И.П. Прянишникова, С.И. Мамонтова и С.И. Зимина в развитии русского оперного театра.

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