Обсерватория культуры



Artistic Image of Madonna in К. Petrov-Vodkin’s Work “Our Lady Affection of Malicious Hearts” as the Symbol of Mercy: Religious and Secular

Zakhovaeva A.G.

Presents the analysis of К. Petrov-Vоdкin's picture “Affection of malicious hearts” as symbol of forgiveness and mercy. Approving the humanistic meaning of the work, the author carries out its comparison with the canonical icon “Tenderness of evil hearts” (“Seven Arrows”). Concepts of symbol and image in art are considered too.

Axiology of Antiquity: Good as Self­Sufficiency

Shipilov Andrew

Deals with the good that in ancient philosophical tradition is understood as self­sufficiency. God, existence, space, mind, soul are considered as existing in itself and for itself, degree of self­sufficiency is a measure of perfection. Arguing about the world, society and man, thinkers of archaic, classical and Hellenic eras considered the closure on itself quite proper, desirable and beautiful. The author explains this to be the feature of the ancient mentality, characterized by the dominance of planar­tactile perception of the world. Hence, the specific spatial and bodily associative thinking, which have means to be a body, the body is understood as the sum of the surfaces, and the fullness of being identical to the complete separation and maximum self­sufficiency.

Blotting Out the Boundaries of Time, Continents, and Genres

Goryunova Irina

Blotting Out the Boundaries of Time, Continents, and Genres ( by Irina Goryunova ) presents the review of activities of the International project “Culture without Borders”, held under the auspices of UNESCO and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in 2013 in different countries of the world. The project was organized for the 25th anniversary of the International Cultural Center named after Solomon Mikhoels and attended by worldrenowned artists. The author (who is at the same time the director of the project) also deals with the historical aspects and sociocultural challenges of this major event. Music and multimedia spectacle is considered from the standpoint of an audiovisual synthesis of its elements: classical and contemporary music, the best samples of the world of pop and jazz music, poetry, art and documentary chronicles of the cinema, computer graphics and animation. The article also reflects the sociopolitical and cultural resonance of the project, confirmed by an unprecedented list of Greetings by Heads of States and Governments, prominent politicians and mayors of cities participating in the project.

Deeds of the Equal­to­Apostles Saints Cyril and Methodius: According to the Latin Sources of IX—XV Century

Chernykh Helen

Presents the results of the analysis of Latin historical records containing out­of­the­way bits of information about the life and Moravian mission of the Apostles of the Slavs Constantine (Cyril) and Methodius. For the first time the records were comprehensively published by Russian historian V. Bilbasov in 1868.

Enigma of Carmen: Myth in the Context of Culture and Writer’s Search

Bazhanova Rimma

Considers the mythological foundation of Carmen’s character created and interpreted by Prosper Mérimée. The analysis is based on the context of the writer’s contemporary culture and literary process.

Fractal Metaphors of Cultures

Nikolaeva Helena

Fractal Metaphors of Cultures ( by Helena Nikolaeva ) analyses fractal mechanism of cultural transmission and symbolic representation of cultures. Cultural artifacts and sociocultural practices which are an inherent part of a local culture and possess essential characteristics of this culture are considered as their fractal metaphors. It is argued that O. Spengler’s “prime symbols”, M. Gannon’s “cultural metaphors”, and C. Rapaille’s “culture codes” are fractal metaphors of national cultures.

Government Relations — Opportunities of Theatre Development in Contemporary Frameworks of Russian State System

Fokin Alexander

Government Relations — Opportunities of Theatre Development in Contemporary Frameworks of Russian State System (by Alexander Fokin) presents a review of scientific basis of interaction between contemporary theatre and Russian State system in the light of the general theory of Government relations. In Russia a theatre was always under the patronage of the government and it continues to develop under the State protection. Contemporary Russian reality has put theatre in the framework of new economical, political, and sociocultural factors. Implementation of scientifically grounded GR principals in the theatre field opens new perspectives of the development of the theatre arts.

Integration Processes in European Cinema: End of the National Cinema in Europe?

Krivileva Olga

Integration Processes in European Cinema: End of the National Cinema in Europe? (by Olga Krivileva) explores the undeveloped problem of structure and sources of financial maintenance of European cinema industry. The emphasis is made on supranational panEuropean initiatives and their ratio with national financing. While analyzing the financial sources, the author traces significant transformation in European cinema landscape for the last 20 years that resumes in close integration of national industries, when the production scheme itself undergoes changes. The author also attempts to foresee the threat it poses to national cinema institutions in future and to the very notion of national cinema in Europe.

Intentionality and Tetractida’s Structural Parameters: Cultural Aspect

Opanasiuk Alexander

Intentionality and Tetractida’s Structural Parameters: Cultural Aspect (by Alexander Opanasiuk) analyses the sense definitions of intentionality in the context of structural parameters of tetractida (tetrahedron), phenomenological features of a man, and esoteric philosophy. It also determines the prospects offered in this regard in the study of culture.

Meta­Subject Content of Education and Formation of a New Educational Culture

Agapov Yuri

Discusses various approaches to the allocation of meta­subject components in modern educational content, enhancing its overall cultural orientation. The conclusion about the leading role of philosophy in the formation of a new educational culture is based on the results of a meta­subject provision of education.

Museums after Crisis: American Museum Practice

Korotkova Anastasia

Museums after Crisis: American Museum Practice ( by Anastasia Korotkova ) is devoted to the study of global economic crisis’ influence on art museums in the United States, and the review of principal trends of development in American museum practice after the crisis. Using the examples of art museum programs (period 2010—2012) the author considers the ways to overcome the financial crisis found in the American museum practice that seems successful and having prospects.

Sergei Rachmaninoff’s Sacral Monuments

Demchenko Alexander

Deals with two major a cappella choral works by Sergei Rachmaninoff — the “Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom” and “All­Night Vigil” (also known as the Vespers ) that formed the culmination of the renaissance of Russian sacred music of the late XIX — early XX century. Special attention is given to the analysis of «All­Night Vigil», a composition attached to the most urgent problem of that time — the crisis of the leaving past ideals and the establishment of an absolutely different lifestyle.

Street Fashionista — a Model or a Creator of Fashion?

Zakaryan Lilit

Street Fashionista — a Model or a Creator of Fashion? ( by Lilit Zakaryan ) is devoted to the modern street fashionista (fashionista — stylish person, trendy — the word is a hybrid of English word “fashion” and Italian suffix “ista”) and the problem of authorship of the fashion. The article analyzes the modern tendency of erasing the name of designer and replacing it with logo, which means the absorption of the originality by multibrand corporations. And if creator of fashion is a priori the designer, then who is a street fashionista then?

Style of Folklore as a Factor in the Formation of Linguistic Identity: by F. Buslaev’s Researches

Zlobina Nadejda

Is devoted to the study by the famous Russian linguist Fedor Buslaev of the fundamental constants of the phenomenon of language, which reflect spiritual and material culture in folklore texts.

The Ethnical and Cultural Component in Phraseology as a Linguistic Universal

Oleynik Roman

Considers the ethnical and cultural component from the point of view of its universality in Russian, Polish, English, German, Bashkir, and Turkish. Several characterizations of the ethnical and cultural specificity of phraseological units are given. Close interaction between the ethnical and cultural specificity of idioms and the issues of the research of human cognition, perception of the world and its ways of realization in the language are observed.

Theory of Media Culture in the Works of Tatyana Cherednychenko

Shestakov Grigory

Reconstructs the concept of pop culture and media culture in the works of prominent Russian philosopher and musicologist, professor at the Moscow Conservatory Tatyana Cherednychenko (1952—2003). The author considers the main idea of this concept (new items analysis, binary opposition as a basis of mythology and cultural praxis), its origins and the relationship with political and artistic processes taking place in the USSR and Russia in the last quarter of the XX century and early XXI century.

The Russian­Japanese War and the Song “Varyag” in the Context of Contemporary War Prose: a Story “Last Parade” by V. Dyogtev

Chaplygina Helen

Presents the detailed analysis of how the culturally and historically significant for the Russians song “Varyag”, losing in a story “Last Parade” by a contemporary writer Vyacheslav Dyogtev its romantic and patriotic overtones, but acquires the nature of warrior­martyr's prayer.

The Signs of Postmodernism in the Creative Heritage of Mauricio Kagel

Petrov Vladislav

Considers the creative heritage of German composer Mauricio Kagel in the context of post modernistic tendencies. Namely, the problems of intertextuality of his works, synthesis of arts, usage of non­traditional sound complexes and instrument set, new genres and forms of conception embodiment. As an example, the most significant works of the author are analyzed

Transcendental Algebra and Objective Phenomenology

Egorytchev Ilya

Transcendental Algebra and Objective Phenomenology ( by Ilya Egorytchev ) is based on the contemporary French philosopher Alain Badiou’s fundamental work “Logics of worlds” and undertakes an endeavour to justify of so called objective phenomenology, from standpoint of which appearance of every being is by no means chaotic but subject to the specific order, or logic, which is immanently peculiar to those worlds where this being has been appeared. Mathematical structure, due to which the logic of any particular being can be realized, is complete Heyting algebra, or, in another words — local.

West European and Russian Features in the Architecture of Saint Petersburg in the eyes of Alexandre Benois

Khazova Natalia

West European and Russian Features in the Architecture of Saint Petersburg in the eyes of Alexandre Benois (by Natalia Khazova) is devoted to the problem of Saint Petersburg

Why Modern Russians Perceive Money as Evil

Palkin Alexei

Why Modern Russians Perceive Money as Evil (by Alexei Palkin) traces the change in Russians’ attitude to money in the postSoviet period. It is shown that modern Russians tend to perceive money as something evil in contrast to the attitude characteristic of traditional Russian culture. Apparently, the reason for that lies in transfusion of autochthonous Russian values with the values of modern Western civilization that started to robustly penetrate Russian culture in the late XX — early XXI century.

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