Обсерватория культуры



Ancient Adygean Ceremony at Bed-Side of the Patient “Chapsh” as the Social and Cultural Institution

Siyukhova Aminet

Systematizes numerous data about an ancient Caucasian ceremony at bed-side of the patient (“chapsh”) on purpose to reveal its institutional signs. On the basis of the analysis of significant aspects of a ceremony “chapsh” the author draws conclusions about content, structure, general semantics, symbolical basis of concrete ceremonial actions and things, about cultural sense of a ceremony in spiritually-practical activities of ethnic society

Book-Plate as an Artistic Phenomenon in the History of Silver Age Collecting

Morozova Nadejda

Is devoted to book-plates of the first quarter of the twentieth century, their stylistic features and connection with the work of artists in the magazines of the Silver Age. It also considers the influence of the individual manner of the artist and the artistic environment on the structure and composition of book-plates. Material for investigation is the book-plates in the collection and archives of the Moscow collector and art critic P.D. Ettinger, from the Foundation Division of graphics of the Pushkin Art Museum

Functionality of the Costume as a Translator of Social Values

Lipskaya Vlada

Considers the problem of how the values, postulated by means of a dress and actually are already present in society in the potential or real forms, are being visualized, formed, and developed, and sometimes even anticipated

Humanitarian Geography and Architecture: in Search of Co-spatiality

Zamyatin Dmitry

Compares humanitarian geography and architecture in relation to the main subject of their research, meditation, and action — space, reveals the specifics of spaciousness in each of the disciplines

Implementation of Social Status in Japanese Discourse

Palkin Alexis

Deals with the Japanese language which is rich in speech styles and discourse strategies. Strict hierarchism of Japanese society implies standardisation of turns of speech in different situations of communication. This standardisation of speech, however, does not restrict one’s creativity as can be seen, particularly, in Japanese poetry.

Internet in 2025: Development, Stagnation, Collapse? Reflections in the Light of New Forecasts

Savitskaya Tatiana

Deals with the forecast of the Internet development for the period before 2025. The forecast was published in August 2010 by Cisco Co, and the division of global business networks of the consulting firm Monitor Group. Involving the additional statistical materials the article's author analyzes some of the identified in the forecast major trends in web development in this period, assesses four scenarios of future network evolution

Jewelry Culture: Basic Concepts and Features of Modern Development

Dronov Dmitry

Examines the basic concepts and main terms of jewelry culture. It gives the classification of this culture using the features of manufacturing techniques of ornaments, analyzing the peculiarities of modern jewelry culture’s development

Life Objects in Everyday Culture of the Central Volga Region in the Second Half of the XIX Century

Krasnoschekov Vladimir

Considers some characteristic features of the specific life objects of the people living in Central Volga region and role of this objects in everyday culture of this region in the second half of the XIX century. Some culturalhistorical factors are analyzed, as well as determined its influence on the way and of geography of objects making

Management in Media Industry: the Work Program of Discipline

Davydov Sergei

Presents the work program of discipline approved at a meeting of the Department of History and Theory of Culture of the Russian State Humanitarian University, 02.12.2011. Educational-methodical complex for undergraduate in the direction of number 033 000 — Cultural Studies. Ans. Ed. Doctor of History Sciences, prof. G.I. Zvereva. © Russian State Humanitarian University, 2011

Management in Media Industry: the Work Program of Discipline

Khadeeva Daria

Deals with the three views on America of the first third of the twentieth century: by Maxim Gorky, Sergei Esenin, and Vladimir Mayakovsky. It examines the problems of their travel essays, as well as methods used by the authors to achieve the challenges facing them. Particular attention is paid to the writers' dialogue in their journalistic works.

Models of Patronage in Modern Russia

Anissina Helen

Considers the models of modern Russian philanthropy; its motives and principles of interaction between state, society, business, and socio-cultural sphere; organizational structures and forms of assistance in the field of culture. The presented models (business model, mediation model, and socio-cultural model) correspond with today’s practices; take into account interests of all involved parties that allow recommending them for implementation

On the Cultural Inheritance of the Literary Tradition

Serenkov Yuri

Carries out cultural analysis of the difficulties and the prospects for studying the interaction of creative generations in the context of historically mature national culture and the effects of literary translation of «foreign» cultural meanings in traditional societies of innovative types. British «Arthurian» literary tradition is seen as a catalyst for cultural identity in USA and indirect factor of the acculturated changes in U.S. social and cultural environment

Scientific Archive Commissions

Aksenova Galina

Describes the problem of the history of hand-written books protection in Russia in the second half of the XIX century and examines the main legislative acts of that historical period, associated with registration and the study of written records, as well as conditions of their storage

Semantics of Death Motifs in the Works of K.S. Petrov-Vodkin

Khristolyubova Tatiana

Analyses semantics of death motifs in the works of Russian artist K.S. Petrov-Vodkin by example of both his paintings and drawings. The death motif in the artist’s picture of the world is considered both in religious-philosophical and in historical context of the first third of the ХХ century in Russia

Social and Cultural Features of Rationality

Ubaydullaeva Raisa

Considers the socio-cultural specifics of the rationalization of social life spheres. The author develops a theory of rationality by clarifying the definitions of rationality and the types of rationality, rejects scientist understanding of rationality, represents rationalization not only as a dynamic process of intellectualization, but as a contradictory process of spiritual and moral perfection. The sociological study of the spiritual world of youth groups reveals the spiritual and moral significance of personality in the prevention of deviance

Stanislavsky and We

Sachs Leo

States the negatively alienated attitude of post-Soviet cultural consciousness towards the personality and cultural heritage of K.S. Stanislavsky and tries to interpret therefore the spirit-and-value foundations of his theatrical activities and the acute necessity of «the Stanislavsky culture» for the domestic artwork subjects in the time of fundamental choice between dominated in reality pragmatics and spiritual essence of art

The Phenomenology of the Creative Mind

Guryanov Alexis

Considers one of the most popular concepts in modern culture — creativity. It is often used in its particular sense as a product of aesthetic activity, which is not quite correct: any activity aiming at transformation of being-in-the-world may be called creative. The article’s purpose is to define dialectics of creativity in its main forms

The phenomenon of the visual image

Salnikova Ekaterina

Analyzes the semantic of the contemporary technical visual culture, its principle of the remote control, the revolution of medium in XIX—XX centuries. The author compares the visual materials of photography, cinema, television and the aesthetic material of fine arts. The article deals with the process of existence of visual images, its independence of the traditional tactile contacts

The Problem of Self-Determination of Cultural Discourse

Dianova Valentina

Deals with theoretical approaches to examining the possibilities of forming scientific discourse. The processes of efficient interaction, interference, and integration of the humanities are analyzed. Some peculiarities of forming cultural discourse are studied in the context of European culture

The Problem of the Genesis and Typology of Ensemble Music-Making Forms

Khokhlova Angela

Is devoted to the problem of the genesis and typology of ensemble forms of music-making as a special type of human thinking. It outlines a view of the genre morphology which is a phenomenon of complex, versatile, crystallizing in the cultural memory of the whole

Types of Inversive Transformation as Ways of Formation in Music Culture

Lukichev Paul, Sakharova Julia

Describes the inversion appearing forms on different levels of music culture. The types of inversive transformation are revealed as ways of music formation. Particular attention is given to consideration of the serializing phenomenon in the context of general cultural processes of the XX century and to the explanation on the given example of possible reasons of inversive transformations

Value as a Factor of National Self-Determination

Kafyrin Eugene

Tries to prove the possibility and desirability of constructing a hierarchical system of values that gives priority to the interests of humanity. Basing on a brief excursion into the axiology and in the context of the relationship of universal and national aspects of the study, their unity is realized in the course of self-determination of the nation



Рассматриваются проблемы, возникающие при подготовке каталогов книжных памятников. Основное внимание уделяется партнерским взаимодействиям специалистов региональных и столичных учреждений культуры, науки, образования в деле создания каталога книжных памятников кириллического шрифта в собраниях Ярославской области. Анализируются результаты десятилетней работы по выполнению этой задачи.Deals with the problems, arising during the preparation for working out the catalogues of book monuments. The main attention is paid to the partner interactions between specialists of the regional and capital-based institutions of culture, science, and education in the case of making the catalogue of book monuments in the Cyrillic font in the collections of the Yaroslavl region. The results of the 10-years work in this field are examined here.

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