Analyses ideas of the famous indologist and orientalist, philosopher and art theorist whose works may be regarded as an attempt of the EastWest cultural dialogue. The article focuses on the Coomaraswamy's concepts that are most relevant and important today for both indologists and wider audiences. The main objective of the paper is to introduce the core principles of Coomaraswamy's methodology to contemporary discourse and to reveal the specificity of his interpretations of the Oriental art and its features
Provides a philosophical analysis of the social constructionist substantiation of inclusion and social model of disability. The article also considers the notion of psychological service for inclusive education participants using Herman P. Meininger's concept of normative anthropology that provides for structuring perspectives of delivering support to people with disabilities as the analytical tool. The author approves Meyninger`s conclusions about the inadequacy of normative anthropology of inclusion based on the ideal of autonomous personality. This ideal accepted by the normative anthropology preserves the noninclusive character regardless of what inclusion model is accepted for people with disabilities - social (inclusion) or individual (integration). The structuring perspective for providing care (as the normative anthropology) that draw on the ideal of authenticity is supported. The author emphasizes importance of considering both cultural and embodied aspects of human existence while constructing the normative anthropology of inclusion and related psychological services for its participants.
Исследуются проблемы, составляющие предметное поле новой области знания - культурологии образования. Автор обосновывает необходимость создания фундаментальной теории образования на основе метаметодического подхода, объединяющего принципы психологии, педагогики, философии образования и культурологии. Данная теория направлена на целостное изучение всех аспектов культурной политики и социокультурных практик повседневности, без корреляции с которыми невозможно выстроить эффективную модель развития системы образования.
Represents an attempt to analyse ideas of this Russian writer and visionary as the whole system. The author argues that Andreev’s theory has significantly contributed to the perception of the Russian metahistory and the inner spiritual life of a human. The article also reveals a close consistency of Andreev’s worldview to the dialectical philosophical concepts (Vladimir Solovyov, Nikolai Lossky, Semen Frank) and Christian mystical traditions (Imiaslavie).
Deals with the first period of the musical education history in Khabarovsk, which is analysed within the frame of the general historical and cultural processes in the Far East. Basing on the local archives documents, the author reconstructs the life and activities of the Khabarovsk musical school founder Jadwiga Sventorzhezkaya, the alumna of the Paris Conservatory who was born into the noble Polish family. The names of the Khabarovsk Musical College professors Nikolsky and Shveinik persecuted in 1937 for political reasons are reintroduced to the regional culture history.
Explores new modes of cultural production and consumption brought to life by introduction of augmented reality (AR) technology. The special attention is paid to the famous Google Glass as a novelty of ARtechnology and to the problems of its social, medical and anthropological adaptation in particular. The author also addresses the possible impact of the ARtechnology mass dissemination.
Analyses views of these researchers on Japanese culture. They underlined the radical dissimilarity between Japanese culture and cultures of the West or of continental Asia. The author reveals the mechanisms of constructing images of Japan by Roland Barthes and Claude LéviStrauss that were based on visual images of the Japanese culture and translated texts.
Is devoted to Henri Duponchel, the brightest personality in Romantic musical and theatrical art. Being an architect, stage and costume designer, stage director and theatre manager of Académie Royale de Musique, he was the first who made Paris audience interested in Medieval colours, which became an essential part of Romantic theatre setting. Duponchel's work and his input to development of the French grand opera are analysed within the Russian art criticism tradition for the first time.
Is dedicated to diverse artistic and creative work of this singersongwriter, journalist, script writer and actor. The author analyses Vizbor’s poetics and evolution of his creativity from his students’ songs and to philosophical lyrics imbued with existential feelings and evaluates Vizbor’s contribution to Russian culture as that of a man of the sixties.
Addresses the work of German musicalinstrument maker Karl Wirth (1800-1882) who lived in St. Petersburg. The research is based on analysing Wirth’s sketchbooks and his grand pianos that are currently may be found in Russian museums. Particular attention is given to the sketches that often provide even more insight into Wirth’s thoughts and ideas than the accompanying texts.
Provides a comparative analysis of the comic world or antiworld in medieval and postmodern literary texts. The postmodern and medieval parodies create seamy, inverted world that is free from the etiquette rules and propriety. Postmodern writers and artists break the “classic” aesthetic canon that restricts freedom of creative expression and artistic perception of the text as a selfsufficient one. Grotesque hyperrealism of Russian postmodernists is a revival of burlesque travesty of medieval topography on a new level.
Is devoted to the understudied aspects of Russian song performed by its author in Soviet times. The author addresses the issues of genre typology, interrelations of notions genre and original song within the context of world song culture, and the verbal genre theory by Mikhail Bakhtin. It is argued that the art of confidential communication may be analysed as a special type of artistic creation.
Is devoted to dividing key notions and notion pairs used in research of visual comprehension related to the photography specifics. The article aims to elaborate conceptual instruments that may be used to analyse photographic images. The article also covers in brief the aspects of analysing a role of the visual in the personal relation to actuality and photography reality.
Describes the course and nature of Raskol (splitting of the Russian Orthodox Church in the 17th century). The author considers the effects of the split on Old Believers, which led to the enforced adaptation of ideological modernism that combined with their original traditionalism. While proceeding from participants of traditional spiritual movement to religious adepts, Old Believers have developed their own ideology and negative identity (which are the main points of the modern type of religiosity). Though Old Believers confronted Modernity both ideologically and mentally, they used veiled postmodern mechanisms, which are actively run today for shaping stylistics and imitationalism of the postmodern spirituality.
Represents the author coined notion of thanatochronotope, which is used for description of art works aesthetically, optically, and rhythmically determined by the objectmatter of death. The concept is applied to analysing the complex “representative urban cinematic texts” of St. Petersburg and Kiev in the films by Russian and Ukrainian directors, namely Lev Kulidzhanov, Andrei Eshpaj, Alexander Sokurov, Andrei Khrzhanovsky, Ivan Dykhovichny, Alexei Balabanov, Sergei Masloboyschikov, Alexander Shapiro et al. To resolve some theoretical and historical problems of film art the author conceptualizes the notions related to the representative urban cinematic text, which was not identified within the general notion of urban text previously. The article reveals both the specificity of the St. Petersburg cinematic text and its heterogeneity. The notion of thanatochronotope provides for analysing both the representative urban cinematic text and its decadent paradigm within the frame of the film thanatology approaches that swiftly develops as a new philosophical and culturological method. This approach is also used for Kiev cinematic text analysis and its comparison with the St. Petersburg cinematic text.
Analyses the interpretation of the geoculture concept. The author addresses the notion of geoculture as it was coined by Immanuel Wallerstein, its fundamental aspects and evaluation by Russian researchers. The positive tendencies in the productive use of this concept for description of contingent, worldsystems processes of the present are revealed.
Is dedicated to the unique monument of Russian culture - Chertkov's House in Moscow and its Universal Russian Library. Today this urban mansion shares the fate of many memorial places at risk of destruction in Russia. Meanwhile, this kind of historical and cultural heritage items may perfectly serve the idea of patriotic education and national pride, which are greatly needed by the states in the context of globalisation.
Considers a unique song cycle of the postmodern epoch - “Madrigals” by American composer George Crumb. The author addresses the semantic meaning of Death image in particular and reveals parallels in its representations by the composer and by Federico García Lorca. It is argued that Crumb used particular phrases of the Spanish poet and dramatist to create the original dramaturgy that deepened the tragic death imaging.
Investigates the breach of tradition in Easter iconography, which happened in 18th century Russia. The author examines a new type of iconography that appeared in Russia at that time and reveals its clear linkage with the engravings of the Protestant Piscator Bible and the series of illustrations to the Apostles’ Creed.
The fall of the Soviet empire is traditionally referred to technological problems. However, it is possible to relate this unexpected downfall to degeneration of the Soviet value system, which earlier produced the rise unprecedented in Russian history. Today in society and culture, the main deficiency is in inspiring objectives that can response to the national character and mechanisms of their achievement but not in technologies. The author discusses the ways and prospects of searching these values.