ОБСЕРВАТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ

2588-0047

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение Российская государственная библиотека
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=25173

Content

Body Concept in European Culture of early Modern History: from Drer to Newton

Lisovich Inna

Body Concept in European Culture of early Modern History: from Drer to Newton ( by Inna Lisovich ) focuses on the development of an understanding of the human body in the XVI — XVII centuries in the context of attempts to create a metaphor of the Universe, based on the neoPlatonic analogy of macroand microcosm; and the use of the term “corpus” as a universal designation of the object of knowledge — a whole, potentially decomposable into parts.

Byelorussian Duda in the Newsreels of the 1930s

Kalatsey Vyacheslav, Remishevsky Constantine

Byelorussian Duda in the Newsreels of the 1930s ( by Vyacheslav Kalatsey and Constantine Remishevsky ) is a comprehensive research about dissemination, a way to play and domestic use of the traditional musical instrument of Byelorussians — Duda (Bagpipes) in the West Dvina Vitebsk region. The study is based on the methods of audiovisual anthropology, comparative art analysis, historical and typological methods. The study of archival newsreel sequences allowed to introduce the video performance on the Byelorussian Duda into scientific use, to analyze the morphology and organology of this original musical instrument

Cinematic Experiences of the Playwright Ivan Vyrypaev

Yakusheva Lyudmila

Cinematic Experiences of the Playwright Ivan Vyrypaev ( by Lyudmila Yakusheva ) analyzes the film works of the famous Russian playwright, actor and director. The author offers a variety of interpretations of the material — from scrutiny to the conceptualization and modeling, — as well as her own vision of the work of this postmodern master.

Cognitive Concept of Dramatic Interpretation of SonataSymphonic Cycle of Viennese Classics

Khokhlova Angela

Cognitive Concept of Dramatic Interpretation of SonataSymphonic Cycle of Viennese Classics ( by Angela Khokhlova ) presents a concept generated by taking into account the semantic dominant of conceptual picture of the world of a man of the Enlightenment, which reflected the main aspects of individual and social life.

Directing or Multimedia - That is the Question!

Denikin A.A.

Directing or Multimedia - That is the Question! (by Anton Denikin) examines artistic aspects of multimedia studies, clarifies the current understanding of multimedia as digital interactive multimedia. Multimedia is considered as nonclassical form of communication and creativity. The author substantiates the hypothesis that modern multimediacommunication is an attempt to create a new language of human communication, based not only on audio and visual information exchange, but also on kinesthetic mode of data.

Educational Opportunities of Humanitarian Scientific Culture’s Ideal: Structural Model of Personality by Sigmund Freud

Tarasova Maria

Educational Opportunities of Humanitarian Scientific Culture’s Ideal: Structural Model of Personality by Sigmund Freud ( by Maria Tarasova ) considers the educational possibilities of the Humanities as a subsystem of Culture. The author studies the theory of the structural model of personality developed by Sigmund Freud, which is the ideal of psychological science, and the educational potential of the psychological theories in creating the human person and his worldattitude.

“Golden Age” Myth as a Reflection of CulturalEconomic Paradigm Shift in the Transition to a Settled Way of Life

Davydov Sergei

“Golden Age” Myth as a Reflection of CulturalEconomic Paradigm Shift in the Transition to a Settled Way of Life ( by Sergei Davydov ) shows that the transition from a nomadic lifestyle to a settled way of life had a dual character. On one hand, it was accompanied by the rapid development in economic, social and cultural areas of the prehistoric society, and on the other — the Neolithic Revolution brought social inequality, unfair principles of division of labor, which led to the destruction of a “primordial abundance” and the organic nature of economic and cultural life of prehistoric man. According to the author, all of this could make the socioeconomic foundations of a myth of a “golden age”.

Integrative Nature of TV Series: the System of Verified Codes

Plevako Svetlana

Integrative Nature of TV Series: the System of Verified Codes ( by Svetlana Plevako ) is an attempt to describe the ontological components of the phenomenon of TV Series through the system of verified codes. The author conceptualizes the existing approaches to consideration of TV Series and substantiates the need for complementary examination of the phenomenon, proposes a system of codes that defines its nature.

Liberal Education in the Context of Modern Culture

Valeyeva Elena

Liberal Education in the Context of Modern Culture ( by Elena Valeyeva ) deals with the problem of harmonization of education, which is a basic need of a modern society. The author believes that rather than perestroika to solve this need can only the integration model of social development. The revival of education is seen as a process of its active humanitarian renovation, return to the universal human values, creative thinking and dialogue interaction of all interested parties.

Mutually Reflecting Images of East and West in Arts and Social Thought

Grishin Michael

Mutually Reflecting Images of East and West in Arts and Social Thought ( by Michael Grishin ) explores the process of creating mutually reflecting images of East and West in the course of their crosscultural interaction. It is shown that mutually reflecting images of cultures are often imaginary space, because each culture needs not an exact image of contracting culture, but showing it in such a manner that would allow it to define its own cultural identity as precisely as possible.

New Theory for a New Culture: through the Pages of the Canadian Magazine ”CTheory“ (Critical Theory)

Savitskaya Tatiana

New Theory for a New Culture: through the Pages of the Canadian Magazine ”CTheory“ (Critical Theory) ( by Tatiana Savitskaya ) focuses on the original school of socioanthropological and cultural ideas which were formed around the Canadian magazine ”CTheory“ (Critical Theory) in the 1980s and have survived to the present day. The author analyzes the interviews of Paul Virilio, a distinguished French philosopher and social thinker, which he gave to the magazine, and stresses the problem of understanding of a new social and cultural anthropology, generated by global electronic civilization.

Of the NonRandom Newspaper Experiments by Y.K. Grot: ”Russia and England. 1854“

Naumenko Valentina

Of the NonRandom Newspaper Experiments by Y.K. Grot: ”Russia and England. 1854“ (b y Valentina Naumenko ) makes an attempt to correlate the newspaper note ”Russia and England. 1854“ by wellknown Russian philologist, professor Yakov Karlovich Grot, which note was published in the ”Northern Bee“ magazine on April 20, 1854 just after the Royal manifesto to join Russia in the Crimean War of 1853—1856, with the two poems — ”The Island“ and ”Russia“, 1844 by A.S. Khomyakov.

On the “Faust” by Alexander Sokurov, and not only

Akindinova Tatiana, Ustyugova Elena

On the “Faust” by Alexander Sokurov, and not only… ( by Tatiana Akindinova and Elena Ustyugova ) presents the dialoguereflection between two professors of aesthetics about fundamental problems of culture raised by Russian film director Alexander Sokurov in his cinematetralogy ”Moloch“ — ”Taurus“ — ”Sun“ — ”Faust“. In their discourse the authors supplement each other, sometimes polemic, but, most importantly, — they invite us to discuss the serious problems of modern culture in the artistic and philosophical context.

On the Problem of Domra Reconstruction in Russia at the end of the XIX Century: Prerequisites and Features of Reconstruction

Makhan Vera

On the Problem of Domra Reconstruction in Russia at the end of the XIX Century: Prerequisites and Features of Reconstruction (by Vera Makhan) considers prerequisites for reconstruction of Old Russian domra (popular Russian stringed musical instrument): some aspects of domra’s history, a comparative analysis of the sources and historical data on the prototype of the ancient instrument, views of researchers on the problem of the authenticity of the Old domra’s sample. Special attention is paid to some of the details of reconstruction of musical instrument (its system and range, etc.).

Palaces in Russian Provinces and their Museum Histories

Blokhina Catherine

Palaces in Russian Provinces and their Museum Histories ( by Catherine Blokhina ) deals with the problems of museumification of Russian provincial palaces and palace complexes of the late XVIII — early XIX centuries in the context of their preservation as monuments of history and culture.

Post Figurative Art of Olga Tobreluts: New Type of Sensuality

Stroeva Olesya

Post Figurative Art of Olga Tobreluts: New Type of Sensuality ( by Olesya Stroeva ) considers the history of the development of Visual in terms of phenomenology — as a consistent study of mechanisms of institutionalization of the Self Corporal Ego, woven into “the world flesh”. The author states the appearance of a new type of postmodern person’s sensuality that exists in symbiosis with Media Culture, and refers to one of the most striking manifestations of this phenomenon — the NeoAcademicism of Olga Tobreluts.

Question of Guilt und Responsibility in Hannah Arendt’s Works

Rulinsky Vasily

Question of Guilt und Responsibility in Hannah Arendt’s Works ( by Vasily Rulinsky ) is devoted to the views of the famous GermanAmerican philosopher, historian and political scientist on the question of the responsibility of the German population for the crimes of Nazism. The author analyzes the Hannah Arendt’s book “Eichmann in Jerusalem” and her other works. Particular attention is paid to the historical context of the development of the theme of “guilt and responsibility” in Germany in the 60ies of the XX century.

“Siberian Collection” of N.M. Yadrintsev in the Aspect of the Problem of Cultural Transfer

Makarova Elena

“Siberian Collection” of N.M. Yadrintsev in the Aspect of the Problem of Cultural Transfer ( by Elena Makarova ) covers the development of the Siberian regional periodical press of the last third of the XIX century from the point of view of the categories of social anthropology connected with a problem of colonization, the frontier situation and the phenomenon of a cultural transfer. Subject for the analysis is the magazine “Siberian Collection”, supplement to the newspaper “Eastern Review”, published by the wellknown journalist and explorer of Siberia N.M. Yadrintsev. This edition clearly showed the situation of cultural transfer that allows for correction of the usual understanding of the interaction of the Center and the Siberian region.

SocioCultural Situation in Russia: Social Stratification Analysis

Orlova Elna

SocioCultural Situation in Russia: Social Stratification Analysis ( by Elna Orlova ) considers a transitional state of Russian society as a change in the forms of social stratification. The author designates the main social classes and strategies which their representatives use to strengthen social positions and to support or expand the area of their own existence in the sociocultural space. It identifies also the main trends and problems of the transition caused by the dynamics of the relationship between social strata.

Soft Policies and Culture

Yegorov Vladimir

Soft Policies and Culture ( by Vladimir Yegorov ) considers the concept of “soft policy” proposed by an American political scientist Josef Nye in conformity with culture; analyzes its technology and mechanisms directed at the treatment of human consciousness and psychics. The author comes to the conclusion that the use of “soft policy” led to mixing of the “traditional” and “manmade” civilizations.

“Universal writer” Yuri Koval (1938—1995)

Bogatyreva Natalia

“Universal writer” Yuri Koval (1938—1995) ( by Natalia Bogatyreva ) is devoted to the life and work of Yuri Koval — one of the most famous and beloved children’s writers of the Soviet Union and Russia. Books of Yuri Koval were translated into many European languages, as well as Chinese and Japanese; they were reprinted many times and still continue to be popular.

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