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ОБСЕРВАТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ

2588-0047

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение Российская государственная библиотека
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=25173

Content

«Brave New World» - as Literary Concept between two Russian Revolutions

Zavelskaya Daria

focuses on a particular special type of historicism in art system of Russian writers of the early XX century, its association with the style, imagery, perception of space and time, psychological pattern of their works.

Culture of Philosophy vs Philosophy of Culture

Gushchina Vera

considers the culture of philosophy as a sphere of professional activity and as a social institution taking as an example the US philosophical community organization and its gender culture. The methodological basis of the study is the principles of the constitution of the discourse of Foucault

Discursive analysis of cultural texts

Zvereva Natalia

is a program of discipline "Discourse analysis of cultural texts", that is intended for the students of magistracy. This discipline provides the students the theoretical knowledge and experience of discourse analysis, wich they can use in research work. In this course of study we consider interconnection between language and culture. Discourse analysis integrates the important trends in the humanities of the 20th century. It is basic knowledge for the students of Humanities in the context of linguistic "turn".

Faces of Loneliness in Culture

Trunov Dmitry

considers loneliness as a cultural phenomenon, performing certain social and psychological functions. In this connection the following forms of loneliness are described: punishing, protecting, aesthetic, calming, and healing

Foundations of Restoration and Preservation of Cultural Monuments

Zverev Vladimir

Is the program for the preparation of an academic discipline in the direction of 035 400 History of Art. Qualification (degree) graduate - Bachelor / History Faculty of Moscow State University, Department of History of the domestic arts.

Inversive Relations of Pair Personages in the Fiction Literature

Sevostianov Dmitry

deals with the philosophical analysis of mythological image of «shadow» and the origin of its archetype. Relations of «figure» and «shadow» are showed as a functional structure, as a manifestation of the inversive attitude in hierarchical system.

Phenomenon of Artistry in Conducting

Kayukov Valery

examines conducting activity from the philosophical and cultural positions through the phenomenon of artistry. Artistic component in the conductors work is an important component part of successful conducting activity

Principle of Social Existence: Cultural Studies Discourse. Language and Community

Shubakov Alexis

proceeds from the recognition of the fact that social mutual understanding consists of the same mechanics of individual content placement which form common identity of society members that is expressed in unanimity. The individual here is the final interpreter of the required identity. However, the actual appropriation of the integral forces of unity and community assumes the existence of social intelligence and cultural behavior in the individual. The individual must generate names and words - significations of desirable social existence, which transform the human being itself and prospects of his or her being in the world.

Russia in the World-Wide Cultural Space

Korotky Gennady

examines the issues related to determining the place of Russian culture in the emerging universal cultural space in a globalizing world.

Style as a Form of Art and Science Integration in the Context of the Rationality Problem

Kraeva Alexandra

expounds some research work results carrying out in revelation of epistemological correspondence between science and art in the context of historical type of rationality, art styles, and scientific paradigms changing. It is going to be illustrated in this article with the music art data, as the knowledge about the music since ancient times had an evident tendency: the realization that the foregoing kind of art has closest links with science grounding European musicology in its origins

The First European Written Projects of Colour Design in Urban Space

Griber Julia

examines the first European written projects of colour design in urban space. It analyzes the theoretical bases of colouring, stated by F.C. Schmidt in his book «Der b rgerliche Baumeister» (1790, Germany). It also characterize attempts of management of colour design in urban space undertaken in the XVIII - at the beginning of the XIX century by municipality of Paris (France), Council of Turin (Italy), Builders Commission (Russia).

The German Bow Stringed and Wind-Instrument Makers in Russia

Lomtev Denis

deals with the activities of German bow stringed and wind-instrument makers in Russia prior to 1917, and analyzed on the basis of little-known sources from the Russian musical historiography and the instruments still intact. Particular attention is focused on the commercial strategy of Julius Heinrich Zimmermann.

The Modern History: an Oxymoron or a Scientific Discipline? (Part Two)

Bibikov Grigory

considers the basic approaches developed by modern Western historiography with regard to the possibility of knowledge and the scientific study of the recent past. The article concerns such issues as the chronology of modern history, the ability to write stories without archival materials in a substantial increase in the source base, and the politicization and the subjectivity as an obstacle to scientific analysis, interdisciplinary aspect of the study of modern history

Traditional Culture and Professional Art: Problems of Interaction

Bochkovskaya Vera

deals with interrelation of such concepts as traditional culture and professional art. The theorists of folk art still have no consensus on the problem of correlation of folk and professional art.

V.D. Polenov: I have always Stood for the Creation and Device

Gorbatova I.I.

considers the social and educational activities of the outstanding Russian painter Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov, a member of the Association of the Wanderers, active member of the Moscow Society of Lovers of Fine Arts, the creator of a public museum in the countryside, the head section of folk theater

EXPRESSION «COLD CULTURE OF STALINISM» AS SENSE TO THE EPOCH: HISTORY AND MODERNITY

Костяев Александр Иванович

brief analysis of expression «cold culture» in cultural and philosophies sciences is given. The special attention is turned on structures with properties of «cold culture» and stalinism. The author sums up the results of the study of the most important components of stalinism - old and new cultural sense

RUSSIAN OPERA AT THE BOLSHOI THEATRE: FROM THE MUSICAL-CRITICAL HERITAGE OF P.I. TCHAIKOVSKY

Ушуллу Илья Ильич

describes the history of Russian opera stagings at the Bolshoi Theater, which is embodied in the musical-critical heritage of P.I. Tchaikovsky. The views of the composer on the state of Russian opera in the period of the 70s of XIX century are also considered, as well as his attitude to the soloists, chorus, orchestra, and activities of the theater administration. The contribution of P.I. Tchaikovsky to the formation of special attention to Russian opera as a national heritage is noted too.

DEVELOPMENT OF THE CONCEPT OF POETIC IDENTITY IN V. KHODASEVICHS TEXTS

KOLESNIKOV SERGEI

considers the basic stages of development of V. Khodasevich;s creativity, defines the originality of his poetry, its place in the Silver age literature. In the center of attention of the author - a problem of transition of V. Khodasevich from poetry to prose, judgment of essence of the creative person and the poetry maintenance, and also definition of results of V. Khodasevichs activity as a literary critic.

GLASSMAKING IN THE ANCIENT CULTURE OF WEST ASIA

Грошкова Любовь Германовна

represents a brief study of general aspects connected with the development of the glassmaking as an essential part of the culture of the civilization in Ancient Greece. The cultural aspects of glassware and its place in the ancient Hellenistic society are subject to detailed analysis in the context of the evolution of ancient crafts and arts, with reference to relevant works of leading glassmaking historians in Russia and abroad.

CONCEPTS OF PHYTO- AND FLORAMORPHISM IN RUSSIAN LIBERTY STYLE

BAIKOVA E.V., KARAVAEVA N.S.

deals with phytomorphic images and structure as a whole system of image modeling methods in culture. It makes an attempt to create a specialized method of philosophic and cultural analysis of material culture samples review through the prism of wildlife everyday images. Floramorphic images are considered as a component of phytomorphic.

FROM THE SCHEME OF CONCEPT OF SOCIAL INSTITUTION - TO NOMOLOGICAL LAWS IN HUMANITIES?

Полтавская Елена Игоревна

attempts to detect the essence of the concept organization/institution with the help of constructivist ideas. To achieve this it is proposed to select the most accurate definition and build on its base theoretical framework. Visualization of the logic scheme, that is fixed in the definition of the term organization/institution, allows refining this particular concept and comparing it with the concept of social institution. The scheme, proposed the concept of social institution, focuses on the quality of actors who come together in a social relationship. The detailed scheme of social institution is the basis for the formulation of nomological laws in the sciences of document and communication sector

THE COLOUR OF EVIL: THE PROBLEM OF COLOUR CANON RELATIVITY IN RUSSIAN MEDIEVAL ART

Кузнецова Евгения Александровна

considers the conception of canon as an polysemantic phenomenon, that interacts with the conceptions of tradition, norms of arts, etiquette, style, genre. The main features of the arts canon (in its contemporary meaning) are the world outlook, standard character, some relevant functions, relativity

THE ROLE OF CULTURAL SPACE IN SHAPING THE PERSONALITY OF A STATESMAN OF RUSSIA IN THE LATE XVIII AND THE EARLY XIX CENTURY (D.N. BLUDOV AS AN EXAMPLE)

САВИЦКАЯ ИРИНА СЕРГЕЕВНА

Рассматривается влияние культурной среды, окружающей человека, на формирование его личности и ценностных установок на примере жизни и деятельности Д.Н. Блудова (1785-1864) - видного и вместе с тем типичного представителя просвещенной бю- рократической российской элиты.describes influence of noble family, the role of woman (Bludovs mother) and well-known poets of XVIII century (among them Bludovs uncle G..R. Derzhavin) on the process of cultural upbringing of future Russian statesman.

RECIPIENT MEDIALITY IN ARTISTIC PRACTICE OF CONTEMPORARY

WALKOVSKY ANTON

analyzes the problem of transformation of models of artistic reception and the change of the role of recipient in art in the second half of XX century

PAIN CONSIDERED AS COMPASSION. THE PROBLEM OF ADEQUATE EXPRESSION OF PAIN

KHAYDAROVA GULNARA

examines the problems of pain which exists as always actual in every culture, and every time presents its proper ideas of this phenomenon. Therefore the analysis of pain conceptions in certain cultural context illuminates the society itself, sets the scale of its humanity, rationality, civilization. The main problem in the investigation of pain as cultural phenomenon is the possibility of information and communication about pain. This problem is closely connected with the formation of victim figure in the society and also with the institutionalization of forms and modes of compassion expressions

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