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ОБСЕРВАТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ

2588-0047

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение Российская государственная библиотека
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=25173

Content

Giving Flowers: Sociological Analysis of the Ritualized Practice

Trotsuk Irina, Morozova Anastasia

Addresses gifting flowers as a specific social and cultural ritual. The authors apply Simmel’s model to reveal “genuine” nature of different type of ritualised flowers giving both in its traditional, even ancient and actual, newly invented forms. Giving flowers as a ritual has several social functions, among which the consolidative, ideological, innovative, and memorial ones are specially addressed.

In Support of Video Games

Denikin Anton

Critically examines some of the research approaches to video games both in Russia and abroad. The article summarizes conclusions of the leading Western specialists in video games studies and proposes an alternative understanding of video games as particular emergent interactive social­communicative means of contemporary digital culture that input to general education, goal­setting, and other gamers' skills.

Inversional Relations in Social and Economic Systems

Sevostyanov Dmitry

Represents an attempt of philosophical analysis of the inversional relations in society. The author describes inversions of elements in the social hierarchy and postulates opposition of the order and inversion. While the order is the arranged social and economic hierarchy, the inversion on the contrary means functional revolution of subordinated elements or subjects. It is argued that the accumulation and development of inversional socioeconomic relationships lead to social turmoil. In this regard, a study of inversional relations obtains both social and wider philosophical meanings.

Ivan Shishov, the First Attempts of Melody Analysis in the Soviet Union

Zakharov Yuri

Describes the life and works of the Russian composer Ivan Shishov (1888-1947) and examines his article “On the Analysis Of Melodic Structure” (1927). The author argues that Shishov’s method was based on the numerical representation of melodic intervals and questing for the numerical and graphical elements of symmetry, which manifests in the interval structure of a melody.

“Male life” as a Cultural Project Represented in Literary and “Naïve” Autobiographies

Radina Nadezhda

Represents the study based on the use of methods of corpus linguistics and semiotic analysis. The literary and naive autobiographies of men are compared. It is argued that the autobiographies of writers, as well as those of ordinary men are being constructed within the boundaries of the “male culture” patterns regardless of abilities and literary experiences of the autobiographies' authors. If a man brought up in an orphanage, his autobiography reproduces a distorted code of the “male culture”. This fact may be explained by the change in the gender culture content within the closed social groups and violation of mediation in the reproduction of gender culture in deprivation conditions.

Nikolai Solovtsov - the Leading Theatre Impresario of the Odessa City Drama Theatre, the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries

Stepanova Galina

Is devoted to the famous pre­revolutionary entrepreneur and founder of the Russian Drama Theatre in Kiev. The author analyses his Odessa theatre company, describes its performances, and reveals the features of Russian provincial theatre repertory.

On Images in Russian Folk Art, their Sources and Transformations Produced by the Popular Orthodox Consciousness

Vildanova Tatiana

Is devoted to Russian folk art, which was linked to pagan symbolism but also represents the Russian Orthodox tradition. In Early Russia, the applied arts were shaped by Byzantine tradition; since then churches and cathedrals built in the prominent places de facto were also the centres of culture. Church arts producing the high artistic quality objects became the source of the “beauty ideal” that was also implemented in the works of folk art.

Paradigmatic Constants and Structural­Semantic Patterns of Digital Culture

Nikolaeva Elena

Analyses paradigmatic foundations of digital culture that supersedes the (post)postmodern. It reveals paradigmatic constants and structural­semantic patterns of digital culture from the perspective of digital humanities and fractal conception in particular and suggests an explanation of diversity of local cultural configurations, peculiarities of socio­cultural transmission and periodic actualisation of socio­cultural attractors of the past epochs.

Performance, Fluxes, Talk­Show: Art­Life in the Real Tim

Katunyan Margarita

Is devoted to several forms of contemporary art, which are interpreted as an alternative to a concert. The shift from the artistic virtuality towards reality has shaped their conceptual strategies. The author assumes that among other these are reconstruction, documentality, processuality, interactivity. The article also analysis the forms of these strategies penetration into mass media.

Renegation in the Russian Orthodox Church: Undermining Foundations or Purification? To the Question of Church-State Relations in the 1960es

Sazonov Dmitry

Addresses the times of the Khrushchev thaw as a period of the Russian Orthodox Church persecution. The public rejections of faith by some priests or Renegation were among its instruments. Their “revelations of religion” were used for propaganda of atheist worldview by the Communist Party representatives. However, the Renegation has not undermined the Church foundations; the author argues that it has only expelled Vicars of Bray and disappeared as a phenomenon when new relationship between the State and the Church was established

The Cultural Determinants of Shame

Gergilov Dmitry

Is devoted to the causes of feeling ashamed. These are not only individual psychology and social factors. A wide range of cultural factors are of equal importance beginning from the general manifestations of human life as defined by customs, mores, and religion, forms of labour activities and to achievements in science, technology, economics, and the arts.

“The English and the Russians: Ways to Overcome National Sociocultural Stereotypes,” a Syllabus

Goncharova Victoria

Elucidates the key points of the author’s course program, which aims at further development of intercultural communicative competence within foreign language teaching at language faculties.

The Mermaid Theme in the Cantata and the Chamber-vocal Genre Works by Nikolai Rimsky­-Korsakov: Intertextuality and Archetypes

Verba Natalia

Considers the implementation of the sea maiden image and the mythologem of water in the works of the Russian composer. The general compositional principles, inter­textual relations between the works devoted to mermaid and their particularities are analysed.

The National Character as the Heritage of Cultural Tradition

Akindinova Tatiana

Concerns the spiritual influences in shaping cultural tradition. The author analyses understanding of the related issues within the context of the Civil War in Russia by the film director Alexander Askoldov and their interpretations in his film “Commissar”. The issue of the national character as a part of cultural heritage is addressed to show that European culture has been largely defined by the evolution of Christianity. Today, successful development of Russian national character may suppose the rapprochement of the Orthodoxy, Catholicism and Protestantism as it was argued by Vladimir Solovyov in his work “On the Christian Unity.”

The Openness of the Life World and Its Representations

Gibelev Igor, Roumyantsev Oleg

Analyses the Life World and considers its bordering with determinations that are beyond Culture namely with Nature and sacral spheres as the openness. The authors reveal the problematic correlations between the Life World and the European Mind concepts in the contemporary philosophy and propose a solution for one of most serious problems in philosophy that is understanding the human openness as a boundary with determinations that are dehors thinking. The research results may be applied to educational practices.

The Russian Academy Science at Present: Informational and Communicational Aspects

Sokolova Nadezhda

Considers the actual situation in Russian science. The special attention is paid to the reform of the Russian Academy of Sciences institutional system and to a problem of finding adequate criteria for evaluating its work in particular. In this context, the libraries and information centres' activities are analysed as the important elements of scientific communication. It is noted that the differentiated criteria for evaluating their input are not elaborated yet. The specifics of representing domestic research in the fields of social sciences and the humanities in global data bases and citation indexes is also shown.

The Self-Portrait by Alexander Brullov

Kalugina Nataliya

Is devoted to watercolour self­portrait of the Russian architect and graphic artist. The author attributes this work basing on archival documents and suggests the probable time and place of its creation.

To the Definition of the Intentional Art Style

Opanasyuk Alexander

Is dedicated to the definition of its typical features. The essence and content of this style is linked to the substitution of the dynamical principle by the extensive one in the processual existence of culture together with the formation of the intentional reflection with the cultural space. The latter simulates the related intentionally connotative senses and stipulates the appropriate style of cultural entity - the intentional style.

GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF SCIENTOMETRIC EVALUATION OF SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS IN THE HUMANITIES

YEREMENKO GENNADY

Analyses the main approaches to the evaluation of scientific publications and publications in the humanities in particular from the bibliometric perspective. The author states the main factors affecting the quality of bibliometric and expert evaluation of scientific periodicals and particular articles. The issues of statistical evaluation of citation, its specificity in the humanities are specially addressed in relation to possibilities of promoting Russian scientific journals in global scientific informational systems.

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