ОБСЕРВАТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ

2588-0047

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение Российская государственная библиотека
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=25173

Content

A.N. Severtsov — Scientist and Painter

Philippova Olga

Is devoted to A.N. Severtsov who was an outstanding biologist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, and evolutionist. He founded a new, original trend in biology, i.e. evolutionary morphology. Apart from his scientific interests, A.N. Severtsov was fond of drawing and painting. He mastered a stroke and felt color of the paint perfectly. The painter did not only create scientific drawings but also a good number of interesting art works in which personal feelings of the author were expressed in an original humorous way.

Application of the Principles of Genre Typology of Literary Works to Computer Games

Kutlaliev Timur

Examines the current research approaches to the genre division of computer games and educational principles of genre names in literature, in particular, the unification of games in groups on the basis of external similarity, general purpose, following traditions. The author describes six genre categories of computer games and points to the limits of their use in scientific work in the humanities.

Cultural Values in the Modern World

Mishchuk Anastasia

Discusses some specific works of contemporary art and art events in the context of the postmodern era. It also analyzes the dynamics of the perception of cultural values of society, explores the relationship of art, culture, economics, law, and politics

Final Utopia: Transhumanism by the Views of Michel Houellebecq

Savitskaya T.E.

Analyzes the criticism of modern concepts of transhumanism presented in the novel of contemporary French writer Michel Houellebecq “Possibility of an Island”, emphasizes the cultural and socio­psychological context of attempts to transform human nature through genetic engineering, cybernetics, nanotechnology, focuses on the specific combinations in a creative manner of Houellebecq critical realism and social fiction.

Gospel Word in the Letters of A.P. Chekhov

Rodionova Olga

Considers the reflection of the Gospel word in A.P. Chekhov’s letters. It analyzes all forms of this reflection: quotes, reminiscences, allusions, idioms of gospel origin, etc. The thesis of a good knowledge of Scripture by Chekhov is confirmed.

Harmony of Game: about Kinesthetic Expressiveness in Video Games

Denikin Anton

Is devoted to the study of the kinesthetic expressiveness in video games. Three types of user activity are considered: activity, action, and operation. Found some similarities between music playing and playing video games. It is hypothesized that thinking by images that traditional for art in video games and multimedia products (works) is transformed into “thinking” of actions.

Hierarchical Model of Contradictions

Sevostyanov Dmitry, Lisetskaya Helen

Deals with contradictions as the driving force for change and development of various systems (biological, social, and cultural). In the study of contradictions they are needed to be systematized. The article presents a multilevel scheme of systematization of contradictions, based on the analysis of inversions in hierarchical systems. Inversion is the situation in which the lowest element in the hierarchy becomes the main, without changing their actual location in the system.

Historical Method in Walter Peyter’s Works

Tokmacheva Polina

Deals with the problem of historical method in the works of Walter Peyter — English essayist, art critic, chief ideologist of aestheticism. It also traces a correlation of the philosophy of Walter Peyter with the Pre­Raphaelite aesthetic guidelines.

Memorial-Estate and Megalopolis: the New Culture of Everyday Life

Zhukova Olga

Considers the nature of changes occurring in the everyday life of the urban dweller. Russian ancient manor becomes part of the everyday culture. It performs the important cultural and social functions, translates the aesthetic values and preserves historical memory. In the Megalopolis, it is a recreational area, which is being privatized man — consumer of cultural services.

Neopaganism in the Concept of Ethno­Cultural Nation Building in the XIX—XX Centuries

Rachinskaya Tatiana

Attempts to determine which direction the pagan phenomenon emerged in the XIX—XX centuries in the Russian culture, to determine how changes in the cultural, religious, and social environment influenced the emergence of interest in the Slavic culture and to determine the extent of this influence on the formation of ideas about national identity in the concept of the transitional period of the past two centuries.

Norms of Behavior in Online Gaming and e-sports

Beketov Mikhail

Examines the behavioral norms and cultural codes existed among professional players and competitive players in some strategic computer games that are recognized as e­sports disciplines. Basing on the recorded broadcasts of cyber training and competitions of the competitive players and on the materials of the forums on some e­sports disciplines, as well as on the correspondence between the game players the article considers the basic rules of communication within the game as well as the history of cultural codes of the competitive community.

Objectivity as a Scientific Value, Or on the Possibility of Science as a Cultural Element

Shipovalova Lada

Considers the question of a possible synthesis of researches in the field of cultural studies and philosophy of science. It is argued that the conceptual apparatus of cultural studies can be used constructively in solving problems related to the study of scientific values.

Representation of “Abundance” in the “Book on Tasty and Healthy Food”

Glushchenko Irina

Explains how the slogans of “Abundance” and “Good Life” declared by Stalin in the mid 1930s were expressed in the “Book on Tasty and Healthy Food” both on the textual and visual levels and proposes interpretation of this collective work not only as a cookbook but as an example of Soviet social utopia where elements of realism and even practical utility are mixed with an idealized vision of a future that is already here.

Stylistic Trends in the Works of Polish Composers of 1956—2000 years

Sobakina Olga

Is devoted to new artistic trends and actual means of expression as the distinctive quality of Polish music of the second half of the XX century. Striving for creation of the individual style, young Polish composers enriched their musical language with methods of serialisms, sonoristics, aleatorics, minimalism. The stylistic synthesis that they created on this base is the distinctive feature of the creative activity of the modern Polish composers.

The Fate of Museology and Cultural Studies in Russia: Experience of Historiographical Reflection

Asafyev Vladimir, Sychenkova Lydia

Represents the article based on the comparative study of the development of Russian Cultural Studies and Museum Studies in the second half of the XX century. And the modern situation it analyses is the absence of the “History of the Museum Studies” in the Russian academic programs which is connected with a whole complex of theoretical and methodological problems. Why the Museum Studies research school didn't appear in Russia? The authors are looking for the answer to this question. Mutual institutional and educational space of both disciplines — Russian Cultural Studies and Museum Studies — gave grounds for such comparison. Russian specialists in the Museum Studies are second to the specialists in Cultural Studies in this respect in several positions. The authors suggest some ways of overcoming the situation. Firstly, it is necessary to systematize the category and notion instrument of the Museum Studies in the special encyclopedia. Secondly, to create conception and to prepare a text­book on the History of the Museum Studies. Thirdly, to organize open discussions of the Museum Studies methodological problems in which specialists in the museum theory and museum practical workers, university academics (who give courses in the Museum Studies, Cultural Studies, Arts, History, and Philosophy) will take part. Critical reconceptualization of the traversed path only can help to understand Russian specialists' contribution to the global Museum Studies knowledge. Moving in this direction will help Russian scholars to occupy an adequate place in the global Museum Studies community.

The Marketization of the Concept of “Nation” in Modern Public Discourse

Zvereva Natalia

Deals with the processes of the marketization of public discourse on contemporary example of transformation of the concept of “nation”. Considering the processes of the marketization of nation and culture, the author notes that the notions and methods of contemporary marketing are used in the description of nation. Examining then the phenomenon of “commercial nationalism” and the commodification of culture, it is shown how the culture is considered and described as a “resource” in the tourism and public diplomacy discourses.

The Material Carriers of Culture of Fishing in Lake Baikal and the Perspective for their Preserving

Tikhonov Vladimir

Analyzes the development of fishing in Lake Baikal. The author considers the material carriers of fishing in Pre­Baikal Area and determines the perspective of building new fishing exhibitions in the museum of “Taltsy”.

The Observatory of Culture in V.F. Odoevsky's Works: Towards the 210­th Birth­Anniversary of the Writer

Borovskaya Helen

Discusses in the terms of syntheses of the arts the masterpiece “Vicencio and Cecilia” by Vladimir Odoevsky. In the context of artistic media of creating a beautiful musical ecphrasis the article makes its comparison with the picturesque novel prototype. The wide spectrum of Russian literature is also used in discussion.

The Problem of Thinking Nature in the Poetry of Nicholas Zabolotsky

Kazakova Irina

Analyzes the philosophical problems of Nicholas Zabolotsky’s poetry. Particular attention is paid to the question of thinking as an objective natural process.

Transformation of a Medieval Motif in Renaissance Emblem: on the Example of the English Portrait Miniatures

Troitskaya Anna

Is dedicated to a particular case of the inclusion emblematic image in miniature portrait. The main principles of the emblem are investigated through the identification of links between the emblem and a medieval symbol. Particular attention is given to peculiar development of the emblems in socio­cultural life of Englishmen in the second half of the XVI century, and the understanding of the emblem as an art form.

Transgression and Myth: the Image of Salome in Cultural Codes of Postmodern Eros Thanatography

Shlykova Svetlana

While studying the transgressive strategies in contemporary art considers the iconic symbols of cultural space — Eros and Thanatos, refracted through the myth of Salome, the conceptual image of artistic universe.

Turning Epoch as a Concept and the Problem of Philosophical Self-Consciousness of Modernity

Kutykova Irina

Is dedicated to the problem of modernity essence at the turn of XX — XXI centuries. Detailed analysis of the modern approaches to modernity comprehension has shown certain inconsistencies in the comprehension of modernity essence itself, the turning­point times being one of them. Moreover, several aspects of modernity characterization and periodization problem­solving have grown up, like historical­cultural, cultural, socio­historical, philosophy­historical, learning and methodological one.

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