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ОБСЕРВАТОРИЯ КУЛЬТУРЫ

2588-0047

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение Российская государственная библиотека
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=25173

Content

Andrei Platonov and Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin: Cultural Heritage and Artistic Continuity

Matveeva Irina

Considers the cultural continuity of the works of Andrei Platonov and Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin. The author traces their common destiny, and notes similarity between their art systems and techniques, as well as some literary types.

Cultural Studies after Post-Modernism: Post-Futurology

Andrew Flier

Proposes to forecast the development of the cultural sciences in a situation of exhaustion of post-modern analysis in the social sciences, suggests that the new direction of culture research will be associated with the study of culture as an intention, as an ideal project and can be called post-futurology

Culturological Image of Dublin and its Inhabitants in James Joyce’s novel “Ulysses”

Nabilkina Larissa

Examines the image of Irish capital Dublin through the prism of perception of the heroes of James Joyce’s famous modernist novel "Ulysses". The author of the article pays special attention to the authenticity and accuracy in the description of the city and its citizens. It is also underlined with the help of such factors as attention to the details, chronotopic concentration of events. A well-known device such as a stream of consciousness makes the culturological comprehension of the city stronger.

Development of Tendencies of Naive Art in Decorative-Applied Paintings of the End of the XIX Century — the Beginning of the XX Century by an example of the Vologda Masters’ Works

Kulizhnikova Natalia

Is based on the analysis of the works of the Vologda folk painters and is devoted to changes in the traditional national folk painting occurring in the XX century. The author believes that these changes are associated with the reflection of the national consciousness on the development of civilization processes in the XX century

Entrepreneurial Spirit in Business Culture: a Look into the Past

Davydov Sergei

Deals with the problem of importance of entrepreneurial spirit in business culture. Basing on analysis of the paradigms of economic life of early civilizations, ancient, medieval, and capitalist, the article describes the increasing importance of entrepreneurial spirit in business culture. It also shows proofs that entrepreneurial spirit goes beyond the economic sphere and comes in other areas public life

“Magic Realism” in Afro-American Literature

Sapozhnikova Yulia

Studies some peculiarities of the literary movement of «Magic realism» and points out those features of this method that are actively used in the works of Afro-American literature. The use of the mentioned way of the world perception enables the Afro-American writers to describe the magic and often mythological aspect of the reality that manifests itself as the embodiment of still existing characteristics of the Negro consciousness and its collective unconsciousness

Modernization as a Project of Russia’s Development: Specific Implementation in the Field of Culture

Kostina Anna

CONSIDERS THE CONCEPT OF MODERNIZATION AS A CULTURAL SCIENTIFIC CONCEPT, REFLECTING THE TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE CULTURAL SPHERE — THE CHANGING NATURE OF SOLIDARITY WITHIN THE SOCIETY, THE DEVELOPMENT IN THE INDIVIDUAL PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS INVOLVING PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR DECISIONS, RATIONALITY OF THOUGHT, HISTORICISM OF THE REALITY PERCEPTION. THE AUTHOR ALSO TRIES TO IDENTIFY SOME PROBLEMS IMPEDING THE MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIA — THE COUNTRY’S DEINDUSTRIALIZATION, THE DOMINANCE OF CONSUMER VALUES NOT SUPPORTED BY WORK ETHIC, ARCHAISM OF PUBLIC RELATIONS. IN CONCLUSION THE AUTHOR POSTULATES THE NEED FOR RELIANCE ON THE FOUNDATION OF RUSSIA’S ACHIEVEMENTS FOR THE SUCCESSFUL ADVANCEMENT ALONG THE PATH OF MODERNIZATION

Moscow State Texts: the Conception of the Damned Hero

Kolesnikov Sergey

Deals with the influence of the art culture of the XVII century on the cultural situation in the whole. The author analyses the themes of curse in the literary monuments of this age.

Night for the canaries: twilight body in the mirror of cinema

Shemetova Tatiana

Deals with the American film «Surrogates» (2009) by Jonathan Mostow as the concept of technological singularity of Vernor Vinge, and also draws a parallel between the nature of technological progress and the notion of the world-will of Arthur Schopenhauer. The author believes that the basis for a new world outlook of the third millennium will be the ideas of Russian philosophers and futurists, the creators of such trends in philosophy as the “Russian Cosmism.”

On the Beginning of European Culture

Shipovalova Lada

Questions the habit to associate the beginning of European culture with the emergence of theoretical activity. The thesis of the possibility of considering the scientific (theoretical) and technical works as two complementary equivalent bases is also suggested

Roguery as an Element of Culture

Sevostyanov Dmitry, Marin Alexis

Is devoted to the analysis of the Rogue’s part in fiction and its characteristics from the point of his attitude to the scale of values and social relationships. Rogue’s part is discovered with the test of inversion — a specific type of relationship in the hierarchical system where the lowest representative gets the ruling duty. Rogue’s character is shown through the investigation of his interrelation with a Simpleton, a Money-grubber and a Strike-breaker who are considered to be his antipodes. It is said that psychoanalytical concept, the analysis of character and myth are primary important in the research of this relations.

Ska Music: Its Sources, Habits of Origin and Development

Rom Dmitry

Considers the origin of the Jamaican musical style ska, some common cultural and, in particular, its musical preconditions, the separate events distinguishing its development, the special lines which have caused its specificity, and as well as the subsequent development of the given style

Social Communications: Subjective and Objective

Shmeleva Natalia

Considers those forms of social communications that defined by the relation of subjective and objective sides of the system and which express the social normativity

Socio-Cultural Meanings of Russian Constitutionalism

Popov Evgeny

Is devoted to socio-cultural values and meanings, as expressed in the Russian constitutionalism in the twentieth century. Reconstruction of these meanings is expressed within the framework of constitutional rhetoric, which allows to see the path of conceptualization of the most important categories of system within various branches of law, and to relate them to the development of cultural and cognitive constructions of the past century

Stage Realization of the “New Drama”: Violent Provocation, based on Productions of the Kuzbass’s Repertory Theaters

Prokopova Natalia

Is devoted to the provocative part of the performances, staged on the plays of “a new drama”. Empirical study is based on material production, carried out in the theaters of the Kuzbass region. The results of the analysis are the findings that the provocative “new drama” served as some sort of shock therapy that promotes the artistic renewal of Repertory Theater

Symbols in the Works of Mikhail Ancharov of 1960—1966

Moiseev Oleg

Deals with ideas of Russian Soviet writer Mikhail Ancharov and tries to substantiate the actuality and topicality of writer’s ideas, who suggested constructive solutions of some social and cultural problems in his works of 1960-1966. The article covers an attempt to reveal Ancharov’s notions about concept of ideal on the ground of image of Atlantis which took important place in his works as a versatile symbol of humanity’s golden age

The Formulas of Dialogue in Culture: Dialectical Formulas Based on the Binary Notation

Misiurov Dmitry

Makes an attempt to represent dialogic culture using dialectical formulas based on the binary notation that captures the contradictions in the relationship of all elements. Dialectical logic implicit in the formulas can be used for algorithmic machine processes and for description of the complex dialectic spirals, including research in the development and interconnection of various components of culture

The Interpretation of Opera Works in Modern Theater. Innovation or Provocation?

Goryunova Irina

Analyzes the problems of directing opera and contemporary reading of the classics. Particular attention is paid to the notion of innovation and its interaction with the traditional operatic aesthetics. The problems of disclosing by director and conductor of the author’s musical drama, as well as directing influence on the development of modern musical theater are considered too

The Principle of Cultural Diversity in Concepts and Documents of European Cultural Policy: an Overview

Zhukotskaya Zinaida, Kovaleva Lyudmila

Considers — on the basis of documents of the Council of Europe and UNESCO — the principle of cultural diversity as a fundamental principle of European cultural policy

The Problem of Reality Reflection through Art (by an example of Cinema Manifestos of 1920s—2000s)

Rubinina Zoya

On the basis of an analysis of the Cinema-Manifestos of some prominent filmmakers (Dziga Vertov, Lars von Trier, Vitaly Mansky) and in the context of the time of their creation examines the problem of reality reflection through art. The problem of reality’s reflection by art’s means is especially urgent for documentary movie. The analysis of such documents as film-manifestos (1920s-2000s) allows to inquire how the problem of documentary movie’s specific language and its relationship with reality was put & discussed as well as what the problem’s solutions & why were offered

Transformation of the Concept «Eternal Femininity» in Fet's and Rozanov's Works

Kashina Natalia

Is the comparative research of the image «Eternal Femininity», which was typical for Russian culture at the end of the XIX and at the beginning of XX centuries. The author describes the other cultural and domestic background of this concept and analyses its characteristics and metamorphosis.

Tropes of Language and Mechanisms of the Unconscious: Two Modes of One Substance

Medova Anastasia

Considers the correspondence between the forms of unconscious processes and the use of words in an indirect sense. The analogy of the mechanisms of dreaming, wit and poetic visual metaphors allows us to speak about these phenomena as modes of one substance at a certain point of view revealing its identity.

Western European “Wolands” as Architectural Critics of Bulgakov's Moscow

Moiseenko Vladimir

Estimates the degree of influence on the content of Mikhail Bulgakov's novel “The Master and Margarita” by many visits of the Western architects to Moscow in the 1920s and 1930s. The article analyzes the main types of statements of some of the visiting foreign experts on architectural forms and urban issues in Moscow before the war, compared to the scale of the destructive effects of Woland's visit to Moscow, and Le Corbusier's plan for its reconstruction.

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