Обсерватория культуры



Andrei Petrov: "The Real Music is the Soul Ennobling"

Bayakhunova L.B.

Is devoted to the work of composer Andrei Petrov (1930—2006) — one of the most brilliant composers of the XX century, who found his way into the hearts of the audience through the depth of academic genres essays and by unforgettable melodies of music for films.

Avant-Garde Composition Models in Polish Piano Music of the 1960—1990th in the Works of Ewa Synowiec, Bogusław Schaeffer, Tadeusz Wielecki

Sobakina Olga

D iscusses some of the trends of the Polish avant-garde music: the graphic scores — the original direction of the modern music associated with the so-called decomposition of music, the human speech as an aspect of piano style on the example of the "egocentric Poems" (1995) for piano, and film of T. Wielecki.

Concept of "Small Communities" in Socio-Cultural Studies

Pakhomov Sergey

Discloses heuristic potential concepts of "small communities" in the studies of socio-cultural microdynamics. The article presents a detailed definition of "community" notion and considers innovative role of small communities in the context of the transition states of society.

Cultural-Historical Analysis of the Formation of the Categories of "Society", "Civilization", and "Culture" as Universal

Klimov Alexis

Examines the evolution of the definitions of "society", "civilization", "culture" as universal, used in a wide range of social and cultural studies. It also offers a definition of the content of these concepts, and presents some forms of their logical relationship.

Education in Information Society: Humanitarian Issues as a Landmark of Development

Kostina Anna

Considers contradictions of education development in modern Russia, identifies their causes, including socio-cultural.

From Beauty’s Positive Defect to Perfect Prettiness

Gubanov Oleg

Offers an original aesthetic ideas of beauty and beautiful in art. Ontology of beauty associated with the notion of "positive defect" that makes art system becoming. Technological prettiness deprived figurative and symbolic kernel and can only simulate the illusion. Digitally modified music’s materials verify the article’s propositions.

Game as a Human Ontology (Based on Anton Chekhov's Play "The Seagull")

Koptseva Natalia

Reveals the links between A.P. Chekhov's artistic thinking and ontological and anthropological issues of the Russian culture. A.P. Chekhov is claimed to be a great thinker, and his artistic images form the conception of game as ontological space for a human being. Chekhov's philosophical and artistic way of thinking is very close to M. Heidegger's ontology.

German Businessmen in the Musical Infrastructure of Russia: Social and Legal Aspects

Lomtev Dennis

Investigates the contribution of German experts in the formation of musical infrastructure in pre-revolutionary Russia concerning the production of musical instruments, music publishing, organization and following activities of musical associations. Social and legal environment of the German entrepreneurs are considered in the context of the laws of the Russian Empire.

Marginal Fields of Knowledge: Pop-Science

Flier Andrew

Introduces into scientific usage a concept of "pop-science" to determine the scientific activity that creates extravagant and sensational interpretation of existing knowledge, thus performing the function of one of the tools of mass culture

Night Dreams as a Source of Ethnic System of Symbols (Based on an Adyghe/Circassian Culture Example)

Siyukhova Aminat

Is devoted to the interrelation of significant images of night dreams of circassian ethnic society with the system of the symbols used in an everyday life, ceremonial practice, the epos. On the basis of results of interrogation of respondents the hierarchy of the importance of collective unconscious is built. The archetypes in its turn are subdivided into several groups: life cycle archetypes, social-cultural archetypes, personally-emotional archetypes.

Ontology as Mathematics

Egorychev Ilya

Is devoted to the central, but yet far from being evident thesis of Alain Badiou's fundamental work «Being and event» — «Ontology is mathematics». Moreover, ontology so construed fails to say anything about event. Is there enough of grounds for such a radical philosophical statement? This article attempts to answer that question.

Power Strategies and Resistance Spaces in Contemporary Culture

Shapinskaya Catherine

Deals with specific forms of the relation “power/ resistance” in postmodern culture and society. As a theoretical basis the authors takes the ideas of M. Foucault where the importance of micro politics of power on all levels of social and cultural life is accentuated. Non-repressive forms of power generate specific forms of resistance which are localized in different cultural spaces. The cultural spaces have been singled out in the article where these forms are expressed in the form of various cultural practices. Popular culture is represented from the point of view of free choice and signification, which is a form of resistance to the power of cultural industry. Everyday culture is also regarded as a scene of power relations where routines and practices of everyday life become forms of resistance to norms and rules imposed from above. Subcultures with their bright manifestation of protest impulses are analyzed as spaces of self-affirmation and self-identification of embers of sub cultural groups on the background of the standardized mainstream culture. In the analysis of all these forms special attention is given to cultural dynamics which requires from the researcher the capacity to conceptualize various fragmented cultural forms of our time.

Religion and a man

Kiryazev Oleg

Analyzes Religion as an extremely personal experience of spiritual life. The main purpose of religion is to act as an intermediary between different worlds — spiritual and physical, heavenly and mundane, invisible and visible. Religion is one of the forms of spiritual life, such as science, arts, philosophy, morale etc., and it influences all of these forms. It gives historiosophical meaning to the historical process, which is particularly important during civil transformations.

Revival of the Names

Sobakina Olga

Reviews Zofia Helman’s monograph «Roman Palester. Composer and his Works»

Russian Disaster in Slow Motion

Volodikhin Dmitry

Presents a review of S.A. Ekshtut’s monograph "Everyday life of the Russian intelligentsia from the era of the Great Reforms to the Silver Age".

Search of Ethical Paradigm Foundations in Modern Socio-Cultural Space

Babich Vladimir

Deals with the problem of searching the grounds of ethical paradigms in contemporary social and cultural space. The analysis of two possible modern morality foundations is introduced: science vs religion. Law is analyzed as a social realization of the public conscience.

Study of Dramatic Text by Methods of Quantitative Cultural Studies (by example of Shakespeare''s tragedy "Hamlet")

Voloshinov Alexander, Daraganova Julia

Proposes a method of statistical analysis of speech volume (number of spoken words) and speech flow (number of spoken cues and remarks) of the dramatic works’ characters, allowing a wide range of empirical studies. The method is illustrated by the example of a masterpiece of world drama —Shakespeare's tragedy "Hamlet". The speech characteristics of the play are evaluated with the Pareto principle, and partitions of the remarks set of the main characters are implemented by the Bradford’s scattering law.

To Educate People: Theater, Where Children Play

Gorbatova I.I.

Is dedicated to the long history of Russian theater, where children play, and its condition today. It considers the basic tendencies, pedagogical approaches, innovative experience of a new type of children's educational institutions, where the theater is the basis of training and education.

Trajectories: Lасhenmann, Adorno, Arto, Baudrillard: Nine Theses to Interpretation of Lасhenmann’s Music

Petrusyeva Nadehzda

Considers the theory of «concrete instrumental music» of Helmut Lachenmann, its music «The Girl with matches» (composition type, notation kinds, treatment of the orchestra, the new performing techniques, transformation of the text of primary sources, coincidence of a literary-poetic substance, theatrical concepts, circumstances of hearing) in a context of an aesthetics of an interpreting discourse of a post serial modernism.

Tsuur Instrument in Traditional Culture of Western Mongolia

Sodgerel Tuvaanzhav

Considers an originality of tsuur musical instrument in the context of the history of Mongolian ethnic identity. It also raises the problem of saving the art to play this instrument, which is not only Mongolian, but a part of the world cultural heritage.

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