Проблемы теории и практики управления

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Approaches to Organizing Design and Engineering Production Run-up

Denisov Artyom, Levin Mikhail

Design of new products and their launch into the market is a crucial task for an enterprise. The authors propose to attain it by using efficient approaches to organizing design and engineering production run-up. Their analysis evidences the combination of two design forms

Globalization Management Institutions: Development Trajectory

Libman Alexander

The fate of individual global projects remains influenced by a variety of diverse factors and variables often differing for specific economic spheres and regions. Meanwhile, one cannot assume the elaborated regulation system would turn out to be stable in long-term perspective or sufficiently effective.

Industry of Sakha Republic (Yakutia): Main Problems and Ways of Solution

Fyodorova Nyurguyana

In the course of designing regional targeted programs the goal of interlacing municipal administrations', republican authorities' and business representatives' interests is a topical. This refers, in particular, to development prospects of settlements on whose territory branches of big industrial companies and republican-level organizations are located.

Job Motivation: Modern Theories

Izmailova Marina

On investigating modern job motivation theories the author comes to the conclusion that academic circles have started to pay more attention to equity and attribution theories, which help to better conceive the complex cognitive process of job motivation. However, limitations in forecasting and control over human resources management are identical in these theories and in expectancy models.

Models of Knowledge Management in an Organization

Smirnova Valentina

After investigating the existing views and approaches to knowledge management system creation the author formulates their three main components - technological, organizational and human - related to their major corresponding elements of knowledge management models in organizations - people, processes, technologies. An integrated approach to work out a model presumes that efforts in knowledge use simultaneously embrace all these elements

On a Optimization Criterion of Product Life-Cycle

Zalozhnev Alexei, Shuremov Yevgeni

When a company launches its product on the market it expects its design costs reimbursed, first-stage adoption losses covered on the account of gains achieved at the stages of growth, maturity and even falling-off sales. That is why from the very start product life-cycle management strategy should be based on forecast computations ensuring aggregate profits data over the entire period when the product is on the market

Organizational Forms of Knowledge Management Process

Deryabina Marina

Modern organizational knowledge is flexible in reacting on market requirements. To meet them new organizational forms have emerged, including network, virtual, learning and intellectual organization, diverse strategic alliances and consortia as well as newest organization forms in the framework of private-state partnership.

Personnel Management System Audit: Problems and Prospects

Panova Yekaterina

Growing attention paid by CEOs of companies to personnel management has entailed the need for designing methods and tools to gather necessary information on the quality of staff development. Corresponding auditing in this sphere allows the companies' CEOs to solve problems linked with the efficiency standards and technologies adopted on corporate level, and find the degree of their impact on the achieving the strategic goal.

Private-State Partnership: Effective Tool of Interaction

Butenko Yana

Since social and production infrastructure enterprises may become private-state partnership (PSP) objects the use of PSP mechanism in scale, depth and degree of penetration into the system of established economic relations can be compared with the privatization processes. The success of this transformation depends on the quality of legislation, institutional environment, economic and organizational analysis of the problem.

State-Business Partnership: Prospects for Renewable Energy Resources

Kuzyk Boris

One of the main goals of state-business partnership is to combine innovation-oriented state-owned and private resources, and start creating an economically, environmentally and socially-acceptably balanced energy branch based on the use of renewable energy resources, hydrogen technologies, nanomaterials and aimed at Russia's innovative development scenario В последнее время в обиход вошло такое понятие, как «частно-государственное партнерство» (ЧГП). С возникновением двух субъектов возникла объективная необходимость сформировать и закрепить алгоритм отношений между государством и частным бизнесом. Яркий пример решения этой задачи дает Национальная инновационная компания «Новые энергетические проекты» (НИК НЭП), деятельность которой была высоко оценена на II Международном форуме «Водородные технологии - для развивающегося мира», проходившем в конце апреля 2008 г. в Москве. О сути этого опыта и взглядах на отношения власти и бизнеса, перспективах этого сотрудничества в России в беседе с ответственным секретарем журнала Павлом Шинкаренко рассказывает генеральный директор компании член-корреспондент РАН БОРИС КУЗЫК.

Stimulating Non-Traditional Energy Sector Development in EU Countries

Klavdienko Victor

The state assumes the key role in stimulating non-traditional energy development in EU countries and tackles the task with the help of a set of administrative and economic measures. Nevertheless, branch development faces serious difficulties connected with economic efficiency and competitiveness of the energy sector, its technical complexity and problems of public acceptance.

СТРАТЕГИЯ СТРАНЫ - ОСНОВА РАЗВИТИЯ КОМПАНИИ

Дискуссия на симпозиуме в ЦЭМИ РАН показала, что развитие экономической науки и ее приложений в сфере стратегического планирования на отечественных предприятиях является принципиальным условием подъема экономики страны. При этом выбор стратегической концепции определяет не только степень текущего коммерческого успеха предприятия, но и путь к научно-техническому прогрессу российской экономики в целом. В Москве состоялся IX Всероссийский симпозиум «Стратегическое планирование и развитие предприятий», организованный Отделением общественных наук РАН, Секцией экономики РАН, ЦЭМИ РАН и рядом других научных центров. В первый день работы симпозиума состоялись пленарное заседание и встреча за «круглым столом» на тему «Математическое и компьютерное моделирование стратегий предприятий, их групп и сообществ», во второй день дискуссия развернулась в четырех секциях: «Теоретические проблемы стратегического планирования на микроэкономическом уровне», «Модели и методы разработки стратегии предприятия», «Опыт стратегического планирования на российских и зарубежных предприятиях» и «Стратегическое планирование на мезоэкономическом (региональном и отраслевом) уровне».The discussion at the symposium held in RAS Central Economics and Mathematics Institute (CEMI) showed that development of economics and its application in strategic planning on national enterprises is the principal condition for the country's economic boom. The choice of the strategic concept is determined not only by the level of current commercial success of the given enterprise but also by the avenue of scientific-technical progress of Russian economy at large.

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