The search for new efficient technologies has led to design a budgeting system - delegation of competences based on financial planning and accounting at various corporation's levels applying systems of budgets. The article presents the analysis of a functional and a budgetary approach towards management, gives the definition of financial responsibility center and the corresponding classification.
Programs of foreign foundations in support of Russian researches have undoubtedly contributed to raise the financial status of scholars and research groups. At the same time the phenomenon was temporary and had no impact on the solution of «demographic» problems of Russian science; study trips abroad, in particular, turned out to be the first step towards actual emigration of young researchers. At the same time, funding research studies on the territory of Russia enables scholars to stay at the institutes and engage in scientific researches.
Due to limited resources the most complicated problem in Russian regions is the choice of priority directions for rural social development. The author suggests several main measures of social aid to rural territories: to stabilize the population's social-economic situation, lower inflation rates, slow down growing cost of living, meet the needs of rural residents at the level of minimal consumer budget, support low-income groups of people.
With a failing competent management of intellectual property the enterprise is unable to efficiently renovate its equipment and technology and, thus, develop successfully. On analyzing the situation in this sphere in Russia and developed Western countries the author comes to the conclusion that in our country the above factor is regarded not from the perspective of 'cultivating' high-technology business and setting a legal basis for innovation economy but as an issue of Western partners' concern.
Popov Yevgeni, Konovalov Arkadi
Based on the analysis of an empirical research carried out in Russian enterprises the authors identified factors and conditions influencing the correlation of the volume of external and internal information sources used. If the demands for this data are timely explored the efficiency of enterprise management can be substantially enhanced.
Vetitnev Alexander, Potashova Irina
The authors make use of business processes as a conceptual fundament to research problems related to resort services. Variative modeling is based here on such principles as the hierarchy of processes, specialization (typology), periodicity (cyclicity) and contactability - an approach allowing to regard projecting of resort services as a structural-modal scheme (map) implying various combinations of recreants' servicing processes.
The principal criterion in assessing a lecturer' work and, accordingly, payment should be his yearly rating. The author assumes it to be justifiable that new consumers' cooperatives be created on the basis of universities and institutes with, chiefly, lecturers as their shareholders whose monetary motivation should go parallel to measures of non-material type.
Ugolniсkij Gennadi, Usov Anatoli
In particular organizations' management systems the use of intermediate levels should stem from their nature as such, from the impossibility of solving all managerial problems on two management levels only. In a different case the system should not be more complicated by adding intermediate chains because their increased number leads to a radical cut in the efficiency of multilevel systems.
The idea of sustainable development is part of the majority of Russian regions' strategy. However, factors stimulating their realization surge only in particular Federation agents. Therefore, sustainable development «for all» is yet an unattainable goal. The most adequate strategic choice for the majority of regions is either the strategy of capitalization or that of competitive regional clusters formation.
Specific branch characteristics demand special management, which, under any circumstances, should provide for priority decision-making on the defence capacity of the state. With this in view, the Federation Council examines and designs draft laws, adopts federal laws, approves resolutions, holds sessions of committees, round tables, and hearings with representatives of the executive making reports during its sessions.
Strategic marketing analysis is applied to substantiate decisions adopted by CEOs, which have an effect in a long-term perspective, are of special importance for the development of material assets and economic efficiency indicators. The article outlines the concept of a balanced system of indicators of strategic analysis and value-oriented approaches to its formation, displays an analysis of external environment and principles of national accounting.
An examination of the causes of unsatisfactory financial situation in enterprises of the housing maintenance sphere and deficiencies of its legal regulation helps define the principal reform directions of this economic sphere and assess the efficiency of measures proposed in the framework of financial recovery of these enterprises.
Belorussia's transition to market-oriented economic conditions pushed an important issue to the forefront, the model of personnel management and its stimulation. Many leaders realized that Western managerial experience in its pure form is unsuitable for Belorussian enterprises. Therefore the personnel management model applied in the country regards workers as a resource to be maximized in the sense of their higher creativity, motivation, qualification - with the knowledge of their specific mentality.
The analysis of organizational and legal aspects evolved during the merger of the Perm Region and the Komi-Perm Autonomous District drove the author to the conclusion that this experience can be made use of by other Federation agents as well, but with regard to their regional specifics.
Under conditions of decentralized production the price of intra-firm transfer should be defined so as to be able, with its help, to determine the real and trustworthy profit indicator for every division. The author examines the main methods of calculating the transfer price value and stresses that the choice of the method depends on the type of the responsibility center, the situation on the market of intermediate products, and the degree of decentralization within the enterprise's organizational structure.