A series of well-known and significant social problems are addressed from a specific, "systemic-cybernetic" point of view. Growing complexity of modern society, difficulties related to forecasting and management are investigated. The impact of information on the behaviour and preferences of all subsystems of society is discussed. The conclusion is drawn about the need for harmony reigning between socioeconomic processes, science and humanitarian culture for the sake of human society to survive.
Deren Vasily, Ragulina Yulia, Bogoviz Alexei
The article analyzes direct and indirect causes of depopulation, unveils the specificity of depopulation threat for Russia’s economic security. It proves that depopulation can be counteracted by a scientifically sound anti-depopulation policy, which in is practiced now in Russia not to the full extent.
A regulatory and an extrapolational forecast scenario for the development of technology processes of production and use of organic fertilizers have been developed. The efficiency of forecast scenarios is proves and data for their comparisons with analytical retrospective data presented.
The behaviour of innovative process members in a non-stationary economy (with two conditional types, economic and institutional, of human personality detached) are regarded. The author argues that ‘homo institutius' is governed rather by institutions than by reason, and his behaviour is, in principle, relative since it is absolutely impossible to separate his nature from institutional reality in which he is embedded. Keeping this in mind is important for the institutional context of innovation process.
Maslov Evgeny, Gladkova Olga
The article presents theoretical and practical problems associated with underestimated worker's potential, use of cheap labour and downgrading the value added. A methodological approach is proposed to calculate the workers' competitiveness. It is shown that in Russian enterprises the worker's wage level corresponds far from always to the level of his professionalism and weakens his motivation from the start.
he author poses the problem of inconsistency in theoretical interpretations of both modern and historical experience of corruption. She formulates the principle of historicism based on the interpretation of corruption as a specific type of managerial activity tied to power, a type characterized by violations of legal and ethical norms (or corruption law emergence) and by prevailing special kinds of interpersonal relations within corrupt groups.
The article presents the author's vision of the essence and content of management as a creative activity. It features the specifics of management seen as a chance to realize the creative element. The author characterizes principal professional competencies a manager should conform to in the framework of management as a creative activity.
Popov Yevgeni, Vlasov Maxim, Shishkina Anna
In line with product life cycle stages, the authors determine the potential of applying the resources of knowledge generation. Based on the evidence of an enterprise of Russia’s military-industrial complex they assess the potential of using resources of knowledge generation and formulate optimization trends in applying resources on every stage of product life cycle.
The author addresses the setting of business requirements for a foreign subsidiary of a corporation within a globally organized business. Several stakeholders' requirements are developed to increase business efficiency of a foreign TNC subsidiary. It is shown that architectural methods aiming to optimize the companies' performance by aligning business processes and IT-technologies can be applied as tools in order to provide for efficiency of companies' activities.
The paper discusses the potentiality of new Russian economic partnerships formation and analyzes close economic alliances that are most acceptable for Russia. Existing problems are highlighted as well as promising trends and forms to develop Russia’s relations in the framework of new partnerships.
The article investigates the practice of introducing special economic and legal regimes as experimental sites in the search of effective approaches aimed to create a business environment attractive for entrepreneurship. The author elaborates on knowledge and incentives problems, which are of key importance and appear in the course of designing special economic zones and their management systems. Possibilities and advantages of decentralizing the process of designing special economic and legal regimes are analyzed.
Specific features in the methodology of strategic decision making are unveiled. The author demonstrates the mechanism and possibilities of Th. Saaty’s analytic hierarchy process as exemplified by substantiating the company’s future market share on a mid-term horizon.
A model variant is substantiated to form two integrated regulatory authorities under the supervision of RF Government on the basis of several federal services uniform in their objectives. The idea is thought through to reduce the staff of the central and territorial units in every integrated authority.
The author investigates the degree of influence different factors exert on innovative processes and increasing infrastructure investment in municipal infrastructure modernization. She offers a historical analysis of the formation and evolution, in scientific literature, of the "municipal environment" concept. Credible directions and prospects of municipal environment modernization and its quality enhancement are examined with a glance to the impact of historically crystallized formal and informal institutions.