A new method is presented which allows to group and forecast market behaviour of commodities according to their functional set of satisfying and generating the needs of consumers. In accordance with this classification, a new definition of commodity is given, the notions of market commodity and labour product are separated. By empirically comparing functional sets of different commodities, the existence of a new group of commodities - exceptive commodities - is proved.
Kelchevskaya Natalya, Zimnenko Irina
In the article three main views on controlling as system conception are detached. Management functions are advanced, maximal congruence between controlling functions and those of industrial enterprise management is substantiated.
Specific features in the present-day Russian demographic situation are addressed, the author’s view on their future evolution is presented, potential demographic challenges are evaluated. The dynamics of population change and age structure are analyzed as well as its effects for the country’s economic development.
Case studies of West European and Asian countries help investigate their experience in territorial strategizing. The need to enhance interaction between state-run sector, business and the population is substantiated.
The author proves the topicality of import substitution model for Russian economic modernization. As one of its most important regional-level directions he proposes to restore and develop traditional crafts practiced since earlier times by dominant ethnic groups and national communities residing on given territories.
The importance of regional operators responsible for managing and carrying out the refurbishment of multicompartment buildings is stressed. In order to ensure data processing and operation planning it is proposed to set up information systems for refurbishment management.
The author identifies Russia’s status - at the background of BRICS countries - in league tables compiled by cumulative indexes which reflect these countries’ readiness to shift to an innovative development path. The correlation is addressed which exists between the use of information technologies and economic development of the countries in the world based on innovative-type economy formation.
Loginov Mikhail, Murinovich Andrei
The need to raise the competitiveness of regional economies of RF constitutional entities is examined. Main approaches and requirements to as well as characteristics of interregional projects are presented, their classification is proposed.
The author underlines the decisive impact of federal resources on regional economic growth. He studies a series of problems which impede efficient operation of the mechanism of competition among regions for federal financial means.
Russia's scientific-technical potential, related risks and challenges hindering the solution of priority tasks linked with security in the sphere of science and technologies are analyzed. A system of criteria of scientific and technology security is designed, guidelines are worked out of how to improve the scientific-technical development mechanism aimed at fostering the country's economic security.
The essence and content of shadow (or informal) economy are unveiled. The expediency is substantiated to apply an accounting-statistical approach when investigating shadow economy.
The condition of Moscow energy system after its restructuring is analyzed. Sectoral regulation problems and principal structural specificities, which are limiting the development of competition, are identified.
The author of the paper focuses on the problem of restoring Russia’s industrial potential after the «reforms» of the 1990s and posterior years, which caused its destruction. The series of articles authored by A.I.Kolganov and A.V.Buzgalin and published in 2014 in the journals «Problems of Management Theory and Practice» and «Socis» are constructively and critically re-evaluated in the framework of a discussion on chances of «new industrialization» of present-day Russia.
The author raises the problem of incorrectly formulated customer’s requirements to computer-assisted management systems, with whose help these tasks are resolved. An approach is suggested to formulate this kind of requirements proceeding from task names in line with management functions.
It is shown that offshore jurisdictions play a considerable role in redistributing capital from countries to countries. The specificity of how global direct investment flows form and rotate is uncovered.
The author’s typology of directions and tools used in regional (municipal) authorities’ policies aimed at improving investment attractiveness of territories is proposed. Issues are highlighted linked with assessing the contribution regional authorities have made to make investment into regions more attractive.
Semyonov Alexander, Rudenko Yuri, Razovsky Yuri
The article highlights problematic issues of Russian Arctic zones development in view of more frequent anomalous natural phenomena, crises in economy and the political sphere. The truths of sciences presented in the article are advanced as basis to mould an innovative economic policy and strategy for the Arctic Region.