Strokov Vladimir, Shuvalova Anastasia
The authors’ model of managing demand by changing the functional quality of product is presented, according to which product models of different functional quality are offered to different consumer price segments. The demand-and-supply curve of models for a changing-quality product is shown, this modifies the traditional perception of the market mechanism of producer — consumer interaction.
Alekseeva Marina, Bogachev Victor
Challenges facing the present day economic management system are analyzed. Modern scientific approaches to restructuring of the economic mechanism are formulated. The authors stress the topicality of opting for the scenario method to design the development strategy of any social or economic object.
The main stages of production activity instrumentalization are generalized, whose effect is proved on market paradigm formation and implementation of scientific approaches shaping a new type of production and development level of production tools.
Voeykov Mikhail, Anisimova Galina
The paper summarizes academic approaches to the analysis of the relationship of economic inequality and economic development. The authors show that post-soviet Russia is characterized by an unjustified increase in economic inequality against the background of growing number of the poor, deceleration of population’s real incomes and GDP growth caused by lacking coherence between priorities and economic reforms tactics on the one hand and the priorities and pace of social reforms on the other. It is proved that in shaping the economic policy it is necessary to develop the foundations of the welfare state and at the same time reduce economic inequality to the optimum level.
Burak Petr, Rostanets Victor, Topilin Anatoli
Theoretical and methodological premises are substantiated to set up interregional institutions for development coordination in the Russian Federation, which is aimed at overcoming imbalances in the development of regions and consolidating the country’s economic space. Ways are proposed to close the gap in management levels, one of these ways previews that principles and experience of economic zoning accumulated in previous periods of Russia’s historical evolution are to be applied.
Predvoditeleva Marina, Reshetnikova Kira, Slevich Elizaveta
The authors examine the role of hospitality and tourism industry in world economy and the emerging opportunities for science and education. On the basis of publications in international journals transformation of research in the given area in Russia and abroad over the last three decades is demonstrated.
Burkov Vladimir, Kotyrlo Elena
The article examines the governmental encouragement of economic development through industrial parks creation. The authors investigate options in state support for implementing investment projects, which are linked with creation and operation of industrial parks, along with other forms of stimulating economic development — like special economic zones, priority socioeconomic development areas, industrial and innovation clusters.
The article addresses the specifics of localization policy and local content requirements (LCRs) as an effective mechanism of state regulation aimed at job creation in home country and encouragement of national companies. It is shown that historically localization policy was associated with government procurement and mandated state funded projects.
The article analyzes the current state of professional training, science and Russian economy. The author proves that the critical condition of the economy is, to a large extent, explained by the quality of the HR component of productive forces, which, in its turn, depends on the quality of staff training system at all levels, and its scientific support. Recommendations of how to improve governmental socioeconomic policy in the field of professional training and science are exposed.
The author sees the solution of the multidimensional problem of drug trafficking and drug involvement of society in developing a comprehensive mechanism for national anti-drug security. In his opinion, globalization of contemporary life requires adequate changes in forms and methods of combating the global threat of drug distribution, as well as a new paradigm of global anti-drug policy. He proposes to create a Russian state-run corporation aimed at cooperation with Central Asian countries, whose activity would distract these countries’ population from participating in drug production and distribution.
Porfiriev Boris, Terentiev Nikolai, Semikashev Valeri
The energy supply specifics and problems in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation (AZRF) are investigated. The effect of climate change on AZRF energy development is described. The dynamics of the heating period duration (up to 2050) is evaluated in view of the advancing warming trend in the region. The directions of energy supply systems development in AZRF are formulated with a view to leading-edge energy technologies (including renewable energy sources).
Popkov Yuri, Shvetsov Alexander, Naumova Yulia
Prospects of using the Northern Sea Route (NSR) in the context of solving tasks related to comprehensive development of RF’s Arctic Region are researched. Problems and potential risks are generalized that hinder a full-scale commercialization of NSR transportation potential.
Sotnikova Svetlana, Sotnikov Nikita
Proceeding from the analysis and generalization of long-term experience in career consulting, the authors argue in favour of an objective need for the making and development of career statistics. They present their own interpretation of the term ‘career statistics’. Indicators and methods of statistical research into business career in organizations are systematized logically and methodologically.
The article gives an overview of geopolitical opinions and claims of the states concerned to get access to and operate in the Northern Sea Route (NSR). The need is proved to ensure exclusive national sovereignty over the through-passage. Economic aspects of NSP functioning are discussed, the role of the state and business in its development is determined.