The author researches the significance of contemporary global problems for international and local economies and politics, substantiates their role in the reinforced competition for world and national resources, capital and profits, in retaining economic cycles and crises. He addresses conditions and mechanisms of creating and replacing the global center, of changing the world order, regards the possibilities of Russia joining the ranks of leaders in world economy and politics.
The structural-functional approach in the field of modern management is uncovered, propositions of the theory of dysfunction of systems, institutions and management are clarified. Characteristics of basic management functions and dysfunctions are considered in detail, the importance of coordination dysfunction in system management is defined. Main approaches are detached in various sciences, which apply the dysfunctions analysis framework for diagnosing the state of the object under study and for decision-making to eliminate these states. A general algorithm of planning and implementing measures to purposively change (reform) the controlled economic system is advanced.
Lukash Yevgeni, Musaev Rasul, Bukharova Elena
The results of econometric analysis of regional development are presented quoting the case of Dubna, a science town in the Moscow Region. 1999–2013 data is used to test the hypothesis of the impact of the special economic zone on spatial socioeconomic condition. The authors prove relevant structural shifts in the spatial development associated with setting up Dubna special economic zone.
The article explores values and incentives of economic activity in Russia throughout the 17th and 21st centuries. By identifying the principal stages of the above evolution the author manages to take a fresh look at the evolution of entrepreneurship and business activity, identify external and internal factors of business development in Russia.
The author demonstrates that, despite imposed restrictions and challenging macroeconomic situation in Russia, the number of projects funded by West European countries continues to grow. Foreign companies point to many positive changes that have taken place in the legislative framework in recent years.
The paper investigates meaningful shifts in relative costs that have driven many companies to revise their outsourcing strategy and plans for future industrial siting. The notion of global value chains (implying trade, investment and industrial development) is unveiled. Global trends are analyzed aimed to restructure value chains, reverse offshoring strategy and develop reshoring, i.e. bring manufacturing back to metropole territory.
A conception of innovation infrastructure is proposed in whose context the essence and content of the above notion are defined, and the innovation infrastructure components are characterized. The essence of the term “national innovation system” (NIS) is unveiled, a NIS model is constructed, and, on this basis, the place and role of the innovation infrastructure in the national innovation system are defined.
The article addresses the methodical basics of evaluating economic efficiency of public production extensification and intensification. At the same time, in the assessment the factor of redundancy or deficiency of certain resources (labour, material, capital), or even all of them as a whole, is taken into account. The technique offered in the article helps determine which of the two methods of solving the economic problem — extensive or intensive — is more cost-efficient, and thus can be basic to design and choose the optimal development strategy of a production system.
The paper summarizes the results of a research aimed at systemizing the terminological and methodological frameworks of lean construction concept. A definition of lean construction is formulated, the main principles, methods and tools of lean construction concept are presented. The new Lean Project Delivery System (LPDS) and Last Planner System are described.
Khabibullin Rifat, Sedov Yevgeni
A unique experience accumulated in the Lipetsk Region in developing joint-stock enterprises with employees as shareholders (employee-owned enterprises) is studied. Principal measures are cited which were adopted in the framework of regional policy aimed at forming and developing this type of economic management. Regional legislative initiatives fostering a broad-scale spread of employee-owned enterprises all over the country are critically studied. It is shown that enterprises in collective employee ownership are capable to operate efficiently and encourage an improvement in the population’s quality of life.
Akinfeyeva Ekaterina, Abramov Vladimir
Specific features of small enterprises’ participation in procurement are uncovered. The interaction type between customer and small businesses is reflected in Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN 2.0). The authors hold that small businessmen’s participation in procurement is hindered by numerous statutory requirements appearing in the Federal Law on the Contract System. Further upgrading of the Unified Information System is a way to solve this problem.
The impact of matrix organizational structure on the efficiency and implementation of managerial decision-making is investigated. Problems most significant (according to the author) of the above organizational structure are defined and an option of reforming the management structure is proposed in order to improve, under modern market conditions, the managerial efficiency of the enterprise.