The system of values continues to transform rapidly in Russia, influenced by the global economic crisis. The leading universal cause for the fundamental changes in society has metaphysical nature. The adjustment in the system of values and its hierarchy is the external manifestation of the metaphysical mechanisms. The author considers changes in social and material life of Soviet society.
The article examines the messages from Prince A. Ya. Hilkov, chief of the Russian Intelligence in Sweden. The reports are the unique source on the Northern War history, which provides information on Swedish diplomatic and military activities. The author explains the structuring of the institute for intelligence operations in Russia and reasons for sending Prince A. Ya. Hilkov to Stockholm. The article shows the activities of the agent and themes of his letters.
In the 1920 s and 1930 s children of the Russian military émigrés along with their parents shared the hardships of civil war and exile, many of them experienced orphanhood and starvation. Community of the Russian military emigration made great efforts to rescue the children, offering the upbringing and education, resulting in an efficient system of educational institutions and extra-curricular educational and sports organizations. The education system transferred the corporate military traditions and ideology of the military emigration to several generations of Russian young people abroad.
The author shows the relevance of teaching discourse related courses in higher education within the modern languages curriculum. Discourse competence is the basic component of the communicative competence, which is essential for a professional practice, especially involving human interaction. The structuring and understanding discourse is an integral part of the discourse competence and is the core of the modern languages curriculum
After the collapse of socialism in Eastern Europe, the exiting of Poland from the orbit of influence of Russia has led to the emergence of new political realities in relations between Poland and its new eastern neighbors. Poland, perceiving for centuries Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania as its own remote areas, is aiming at the reviving of the great-power policy towards these countries, trying on the role of a regional superpower, as well as seeking to turn Russia into a political marginalia, using nationalism as a tool to achieve these goals.
Kamneva G.P., Sotnikov S.A.
The education of children and youth following the national traditions was one of the missions in the scientific and cultural life of the Russian people living overseas. To preserve cultural and linguistic identity the comprehensive school and vocational education offered courses in Russian. The corporate and cultural organizations encouraged informal communication for immigrant youth in student unions, literary clubs, and interest groups.
The author examines the issue of homeless children in the Russian Federation, reveals reasons and gives recommendations. The future of the country depends on the successful policies to address the challenge
Sigida E.A., Lukyanova I.E.
The definition of service as a system of relations, emerging in the delivery of services, highlights the need to examine the services in the close relationship with all participants in the field. Service technology is bifunctional, including the humanities and the natural-science components; consequently, the modernization of the education aims at the interdisciplinary context of service. The synergistic nature of the service science justifies the psychological and pedagogical paradigm for training in higher education, considering the context factors and the reflection mechanisms - the basic components in the process of acquiring knowledge.
Gavrilov Alexander Yu.
The article presents assessments from Menshevik emigrants relating to the events in Russia in October 1917 and the Bolshevik policy in the early post revolutionary years. The Menshevik analysis is objective, thorough and comprehensive, leading to noteworthy conclusions
The restaurant service in the 19 th and early 20 th centuries occupies an important place in the culture of everyday life in Russia. The country did not have a comprehensive education for services industry; however, there were innovative training centers for restaurant service, which presented amazing recipes for meals and products, which are still popular in both the public and home cooking. The mélange of the Russian style and the innovations from the Western European cuisine develops in the restaurant service practice in the 19 th and 20 th centuries in Russia.
Mazin Konstantin A.
The author describes the history of the Russian emigrants during the 18 th century, forced to leave Russia under the pressure of both objective circumstances and subjective (unconscious) motives.
The author reviews the works of the 20 th and 21 st centuries on the topic of Eternal Feminity and its spiritual components such as compassion, harmony, love, light, proximity to God, physical and spiritual motherhood, missions of priestess, keeper of sacred truths, redeemer of soul and humanity. The author comments on the controversial issues, including the idea of the feminine nature of the Holy Spirit proposed by Igor Bogin, permit for woman to preach supported by Paul Evdokimov, and the image of modern woman discussed by Sh. Rose.
The author highlights the main aspects of the academic course called the Stylistics of the Russian Language and shows its role in the linguistic training across higher education curriculum. The article emphasizes the importance of the academic course, its value for the communicative, educational and professional qualities of future professionals in tourism and services, and the impact on the building linguistic and social skills.
The provision of legal aid by the founders of lawyers' offices on a contract basis includes the proper arrangement of a deal on legal assistance, which is important for consumers because the result and the cost depend on the agreement. The preparation for the civil agreement affects the remuneration for the lawyer and the quantity of work. Key words: lawyers' office, legal aid agreement, consumer
Philosophers have focused on the study of everyday reality, coincidences and episodes of human life. The study of human feelings and cognition encourages the explanation of human nature through the analysis of the way of life, but not only by looking into thoughts about themselves and the world. Therefore, there are debates about contradiction between the natural origin and the spiritual existence, while other scholars overemphasize the subjective component. The author examines the critical issue of understanding human life in terms of scientific and technological progress and socio-cultural transformations.
Political and economic reforms in the 1920 s and 1930 s had critical impact on tourist businesses. The major goal of the reforms was the active support for the socialist transformations based on community service with a strong political and educational component.
The author reviews definitions of verbal aggression and examines types of verbal aggression in terms of their social relevance and reasons for use. The article offers a new definition for the concept and clarifies the causes and factors for the verbal aggression.