Chudaikina Galina Mikhailovna, Loginova Nataliya Yur'evna, Kostovarova Valentina Vasil'evna
The article is devoted to the application of one of the most modern and actively used interactive methods of teach- ing foreign languages at non-linguistic University - a case study. Method of case study is focused on students teaching methodology and develops critical thinking and communication skills of interpersonal communication. This method can be used to motivate students to use foreign language more in class. The authors believe that the method of case study is interdisciplinary by its nature and provides an opportunity to apply theoretical knowledge in practice. The article emphasizes that working with cases requires students' active development of research skills and skills in using multiple data sources. The authors believe that the types of case study can be different, it depends on the difficulty level and language skills of the students, so it's necessary to choose the right kind of problem of the lesson appropriate to the level of knowledge of this group. Method of case study contributes to the development of skills in written and oral communication, as well as improves skills of cooperation and teamwork. The authors pay attention to the fact that classes using techniques of case study put students in a real situation, teaching them organizational skills such as the ability to hold a business meeting, to negotiate, to prepare and de- liver presentations. The article describes the stages of the work, showing the advantages and difficulties of applying case study in the foreign language. When using this method of teaching it is necessary to equip classrooms with modern teaching technical facilities. The aim of this article is to determine the value of case study method as one of interactive methods of teaching foreign languages at the University, to familiarize the reader with the experience of using this method in teaching foreign languages at the Russian state University of tourism and service.
Ivanova Ol'ga Andreevna
The article is devoted to the question of external assistance to foster families. While in an orphanage a child in need of aid falls into the target audience of the activities of charities and other organizations. Orphanages are well informed. There is a well-established system of interaction of orphanages with the guardianship and charitable organizations. The hierarchy system of care for orphans allows, at the initiative of the teachers and administrative staff, to cope with the problems associated with the pedagogical process in the child’s upbringing, with the status of orphans residing at the institution. However, there may be problems in attracting external assistance: more stringent are the requirements for those people who are willing to volunteer and work with children. When the child releases into the foster care, his status changes, and foster parents are forced to decide difficult questions arise concerning the health, education, further education, household needs, physical, psychological and socio-cultural adaptation of the child. In blood family, the child is in the stages of preparation for independent living gradually. Adoptive parents are forced into raising a child who already has social experience, and often negative. In the public mind the question of assistance of various kinds, such a child is not as acute: there is a man who took upon himself the authority of the care of the minor, this is his foster parent (foster parents). It is necessary to inform foster parents about what funds are working with orphans; what is the target audience of the Fund, and how it can help prepare a foster child for future life. In the article there is the possibility of application to various funds on solving some of the problems, as well as for positive pedagogical effect of the process of obtaining external assistance. In addition, the article provides an example of the activities of the Center foster families “Tenderness” in the village of Vyritsa of the Leningrad region, which is a unique community of foster families, leading activities to foster children and their preparation for future life through support.
Khodyakova Nataliya Vladimirovna, Khodyakov Dmitrii Andreevich
The article describes the problem of social and cultural adaptation and pedagogical support of continuous per- sonal development of visually impaired (blind) people. There is a brief overview of the various aspects of this problem. The article emphasizes the urgency of creating an accessible environment for these groups of people with disabilities. It describes the psychological and pedagogical regularities underlying the design environment of personal development and important components of the environment (stimuli, procedure opportunities, develop- ing content and communication activities), providing a process of continuously increasing the subjective status of a person in the course of its life. The article characterizes special feature of adaptation and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities who lost their sight in the later stages of ontogenesis. Authors identify the features of perception of its surroundings, typical of this group of disabled people emotional distress and special needs. They determine the need for psychological support and aid the visually impaired (blind) people with different subjective status. The authors find the solution of the stated problem of expansion of borders available for the visually im- paired (blind) people environment the authors are looking for in tourism. They propose to develop for the visually impaired special kind of tour - audio tours, allowing you to recreate the sound atmosphere of the knowledge of new places and cultural attractions. The article discusses quality differences of the audio guide and audio guide. The authors provide recommendations for the design of audio tours for the visually impaired (blind) people. In addition, they propose the algorithm of the technology of creation of the audio guide consisting of five steps. They list the necessary conditions for the design of audio tours: composition required for the project implementation specialists and logistics support. The article emphasizes the social importance of the activities on the creation of audio tours for healthy people.
Gafar Tat'yana Viktorovna, Lisitskii Andrei Viktorovich
The article discusses the concept of the festival as a form of organizing regional cultural life and a subject of cultural policy in the region, the current state of development of culture of Volgograd region. The authors present expert opinion on the work done on research of the festival movement in the Volgograd region of 80s - 90s of the XX century and now days. They examine not only festival practice, but the notion of the festival as a form of the organizing regional cultural life and the subject of cultural policy in the region. The authors analyze the current state of development of culture of the Volgograd region, the potential of cultural and symbolic resources of the re- gion for the increase of its attractiveness for tourists, creation of conditions for changes in the social and economic situation in the region. There are comparative characteristics of socio-economic development of the Volgograd region and neighboring regions. It considers problems of development and preservation of the intellectual potential of the region. This article uses the materials of focus groups and in-depth interviews of organizers, idea creators, participants and spectators of the festivals. The participants of the festival movement formulate goals and objec- tives of the festivals, the conditions under which these festivals can become the factor of the region development. This study is an attempt to systematize the practical experiments with a view to develop approaches for the creation of the festival organization model as a form of territorial development with culture. The authors are experts in the field of cultural studies with theoretical and practical experience of implementing social and cultural projects. The article will be useful for office professionals and cultural managers, cultural specialists, potential authors of projects in the sphere of culture.
Nechaev Mikhail Petrovich
The article is devoted to solving the problem of actualization, search, implementation and further development of the educational capacity of school tourism. Using the environmental approach to the organization of edu- cational space of a school, the potential is defined as the aggregate of the environment cash, its resources and possibilities. The author, paying attention to the regent function of education in modern education, highlights the most significant directions of updating of educating potential tourist activity. These are methodical, psy- chological and pedagogical, organizational and managerial areas. Methodological direction is the methodical support of teachers, organizing school tourism, the design and implementation of the activities for updating and development of educating potential in the unity of curricular and extracurricular activities of students. Psycho-pedagogical direction focuses on the creation of the child-adult community, self-revelation and self- realization potential of the individual as teacher and learner. Managerial direction is the development of professional and personal qualities of the teacher in the organization and implementation of tourist activity of pupils. The article presents a scheme of the implementation model of the above areas, which reflects the goals, objectives and their implementation. The article reveals the essence and summary of the main directions of development of educating potential of tourism activity in educational organizations. The presented materials will help in modeling the development of the educational system of school and will help to actualize educa- tional function of tourism activity.
Bushueva Irina Viktorovna, Skabeeva Larisa Ivanovna
N modern conditions of development of the tourism and hospitality industry and trends of import substitution there is a need for training of top managers, able to lead the charge in creating new tourist-recreational territories, tourist and resort hotel complexes, their strategic management, the construction or reconstruction. The most important task of this stage is the improvement of higher education and adapting modern trends to the development of educational programs of magistracy. The research allows to identify not only the main functions of managers of hotels and hotel operators network, which are not only in the management of person- nel and technological processes, financial operations, development strategies, but also long-term investment activities associated with the design of both the hotel complex and all the business processes for its launch and subsequent operation. The authors propose to introduce a new discipline - “Hotel development”, which should form competences, based on legislative, engineering and economic knowledge. This will help future masters to interact with the participants of the investment project, hotel and tourist and recreational complexes (design organizations, government agencies, etc.), to evaluate investment projects and the concept of the hotel/ tourist and recreational complexes. The article is based on the analysis of new professional standards, the main result of which was the development of recommendations to the educational program of graduate training in the direc- tion of “Hospitality”, taking into account the required knowledge, skills and abilities of future managers of the hospitality enterprises. Recommendations for educational program take into account also the requirements to the common cultural and professional competences of the Federal state educational standard of higher educa- tion (FSES3+), approved on July 3, 2015.
Skabeeva Larisa Ivanovna, Lagusev Yurii Mikhailovich
In modern conditions of development of tourism and hospitality industry and trends of import-substitution there is a need of training of heads of hotel complexes. Set conditions must be taken into account in the preparation of bachelors and masters on the course “Hospitality”. In this regard, the authors study and develop model of the process of preparation of competitive graduates, which identify the main directions of optimization of this pro- cess: the necessity of interaction with government agencies and the business community, the need to include in a comprehensive curriculum of preparation of bachelors and masters for the hospitality industry the requirements of employers, industry and corporate standards. In the article there is the analysis of new occupational standards and job functions managers of hotels and heads of departments and divisions of hotels, which show that the main com- mon cultural and professional competences must be formed in the main areas of activities: resource management departments (departments) of the hotel complex; interaction with consumers and stakeholders; monitoring and evaluation of performance of departments (departments) of the hotel complex. Important role in the preparation of bachelors is given to the formation of competences in interpersonal and business communication, willingness to comply with standards of appearance, standards of hospitality and friendliness; ability to customer centricity. In the result of analysis there is proposed modular structure of the comprehensive program of bachelor “Hospitality”, a list of additional common cultural and professional competences, which are necessary to form a competitive graduate who is in demand on the market. The authors determine the main directions of preparation of masters, taking into account the necessity of formation of professional competence of top-managers that cannot only man- age the hotel, but also the hotel chain.
Pluzhnikova Natal'ya Nikolaevna, Padurets Sergei Anatol'evich
The article examines modern problems of teaching philosophy in high school. The attention is paid on issues such as reducing the demand for philosophical knowledge in students, especially students of technical specialties. This prob- lem is considered in the context of social-cultural transformations of modern society and its priorities - innovative development, information of the social relations, the relevance of technological skills and applied knowledge among the younger generation. We studied the relation of philosophical knowledge to the needs and value orientations of the modern generation. The authors study the main myths of social consciousness of generation Y: lazy, need to serve instantly the needs, malevolence toward others, selfishness and spoiled. For the analysis of values of modern generation there was used the concept of an American coach-coach B. Hobart about the generation Y. There are the results of regional studies on issues of vital resources of modern man. There is updated the main problem of the young generation - the problem of shortage of vital resources, which are expressed in three dimensions: lack of knowledge, lack of communication and lack of time. The authors analyze the core values of generation Y - the resource knowledge and the resource of freedom of personal choice. Taking into account the transformation of the needs of the students they describe technology lectures on philosophy. They present such contemporary methods of training as brainstorming, method and method criteria. There is an example of the structure and key concepts of the lecture to University students on the topic “Consciousness as a philosophical category”. As necessary components of philosophy education, the authors today highlight the practical orientation, the technological component of practi- cal training, as well as the increasing demands for the preparation of the contemporary teacher in philosophy.
Pavlov Evgenii Aleksandrovich
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of legal regulation of training for the sphere of recreation and sports tour- ism and evaluation of the quality and knowledge level. The author presents the scheme of functioning of system of training, retraining and advanced training of personnel for the sphere of recreation and sports tourism. He shows the mechanisms of interaction between the system of training, retraining and skills development with community employers through professional accreditation and professional standards in the training system. Such mechanisms could include joint community participation of employers and developers of basic and additional professional educational programs in the preparation and implementation of professional standards, community participation of employers in the formation of the main and additional professional educational programs with the requirements of professional standards, independent assessment of quality of graduates in terms of carrying out the state final certification public accreditation of associations of employers. The author describes the features of state and public accreditation. There is also the urgency of the implementation of public accreditation system of training, retraining and advanced training of personnel for the sphere of recreation and sports tourism. There is presented the analysis of normative legal acts determining the categories of personnel for the sphere of recreation and sport tourism, and the contradictions in the regulatory legal acts indicating a lack of common understanding of the professions of recreation and sport tourism. The author proposes priority measures of improving the system of training, retraining and advanced training of personnel for the sphere of recreation and sport tourism from the viewpoint of improve- ment of normative-legal acts.
Spatar'-Kozachenko Tat'yana Ivanovna
The article presents the methodology of creative approach to learning a foreign language in the modern school. The creative process helps students to think critically, to understand rationally the opportunities and to solve the emerg- ing tasks, to develop communication skills, independence. Innovative technologies are showed on the example of the pedagogical workshop of building knowledge in the lesson of Spanish. The author presents methods of teaching in interchangeable pairs to work in the workshops. Innovative technologies allow the student: to be liberated during exercise; to understand that his opinion is important to others; to understand that he can be wrong, and nobody will judge; to assess and develop his abilities; to take decisions independently.
Bolgova Mariya Alekseevna, Podlegaev Aleksei Vladimirovich
The article is devoted to define new result of the restructuring of higher education that meets the requirements of the economy and society. It examines the origin and development of the transformation of higher education in modern conditions. The authors, following other researchers, use the term “modernization” and “transforma- tion”, conclude that the modern educational space at present, is changed with the desire to the competitiveness of domestic specialists. The last three years, the Russian higher school lives under the badge of the May (2012) decrees of the President of Russia Vladimir Putin. The Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federa- tion, consistently pursuing a line on increasing the effectiveness of Russian universities, developed a set of mea- sures and started their practical implementation. The article discusses a new project of the Ministry of education and science of the Russian Federation about the creation of supporting regional universities. Special attention is paid to the synergetic effect, which is created by optimization of the network of educational institutions of higher education. According to the authors, it is determined by the achievement of the targets. One of them is the social effect, which manifests itself in achieving target values of indicators for the success and competitiveness of Uni- versity in the field of education; the impact of research and technological works; capacity building; international and national recognition. Also there is an economic effect, which manifests itself in achieving target values of entrepreneurial activity. The authors examine the methods and prospects for joint development of universities, their influence on the economy and society.
Novikova Natal'ya Gennad'evna, Kortunov Vadim Vadimovich, Zorina Natal'ya Mikhailovna, Kireenkova Zoya Aleksandrovna
The article emphasizes the importance of teachers of humanitarian disciplines in the formation of intercultural competence of students. Teaching youth communication skills in the dialogue of cultures should contribute to the development of ideas about human possibilities in the modern world, should lay the foundations of a respectful at- titude to people of other religion, other nationality, other traditions. The authors analyze in detail interactive forms of teaching intercultural communication, including lectures, presentations, round tables, trainings. The article emphasizes the importance of motivation, activity, multiple experience and constructive feedback in the learning process. The professionalism of the teacher is manifested in student-centered pedagogy, the formation of learning skills, using a model of natural learning. The article examines the opportunities for inter-ethnic learning groups in teaching intercultural communication. Harmonious, friendly atmosphere of communication in the multicultural group creates conditions for understanding and acceptance of tolerance as a social value, fills its contents and brings in the student behavior. It pays attention to the difficulties that may students experience when they enter a different culture. The article presents the results of the diagnostic analyze, which determines the level of emotional intelligence as a set of emotional competencies and skills that help to cope with the demands of the environment and to resist its pressure, which helps to understand the emotions of other people and providing them facilitating support. The basic directions of development of emotional intelligence in the context of cross-cultural dialogue to enhance professional and personal effectiveness of students are also presented. The described form of working in a multicultural group gives psychotherapeutic effect both students and teachers.
МОЛЧАНОВА НАТАЛЬЯ ВАЛЕРЬЕВНА
Вопрос о подготовке кадров туристской сферы является одним из наиболее приоритетных. Сегодня туризм является наиболее перспективным и стремительно развивающимся видом социально-культур- ной и досуговой деятельности. В статье рассмотрена туристическая деятельность с точки зрения ее кадрового обеспечения. Основная цель работы - выявить специфику профессионального образования в области туризма, определить круг компетенций, которыми должен обладать специалист данной сферы. Специфика регионов нашей страны требует более пристального внимания к формированию кадров сферы туризма. Система профессионального образования в области туризма должна иметь комплексный характер, то есть предусматривать профессиональную интеграцию теории и прак- тики; формирование и коррекцию профессионально-ценностных ориентаций, мотиваций, качеств и свойств личности. Туристское развитие России является одним из перспективных направлений оп- тимизации культурного и социально-экономического роста жизни населения регионов. Опыт проведе- ния Олимпийских и Паралимпийских игр 2014 года в Сочи показывает, что организация международ- ных спортивных мероприятий позволяет воплощать в жизнь проекты и программы по оптимизации и развитию туристского потенциала. Поэтому большинство учебных заведений регионов нацелено на подготовку высококвалифицированных кадров не только туристской сферы, но и сопутствующих об- ластей. Современные тенденции развития туристского секторы должны отвечать превалирующим потребностям системы образования и подготовки специалистов сферы туризма. Подготовка специ- алистов должна быть адаптирована к реальным потребителям настоящего и будущего туристского рынка. Таким образом, статья направлена на изучение специфики формирования профессиональных компетенций кадров туристской сферы, необходимых для перспективного развития туристской от- расли нашей страны в целом и отдельных ее регионов.