Buzgalin A.V., Kolganov A.I.
The researches of the contemporary capitalism have ran forward substantially in compare to the theoretical picture have drawn by Karl Marx in «Das Kapital» and show us the deep changes in the categories of the capitalism, which studied by Marx. But in these researches were not attempted to reproduce in full measure the method of «Das Kapital» - it was not shown the dialectical motion of the categories on the path of rising from the abstract to the concrete. In this paper we are trying to give the first sketch of the implementation of this method to the categories of the contemporary capitalism. We guess that just this dimension, starting from the study of the modification of the most abstract, simplest categories of capitalism, give us the possibility to understand in the full extent the modification of the more complex, more concrete categories of capitalist system of the production relations. Thus, we trying to show how the changes in the nature of commodity, of market, of money lead to the changes in the nature of the basic capitalist relation and in the more concrete forms of the existence of capital.
Pavlova N.S., Baoulina A.A., Shastitko A.E.
The compatibility between the priorities of industrial policy, aimed at promoting sustainable development, and competition defense by means of antitrust law remains a question open for discussion. The paper demonstrates that it is the institutional environment that defines which characteristics of ecological externalities influence the possibility of accounting for these externalities by market players and regulators in the specific case of cooperation agreements between competitors. It is shown that positive externalities having the characteristics of public goods may be taken into account only in a limited way, which can lead to type I errors by antitrust authorities when determining the legality of horizontal agreements.
The article discusses the features of marketing in the field of culture on the example of museums. Museums, as well as other cultural organizations, are in search of their target audience based on their mission and plans. The analysis of the various directions of museum activity has allowed to classify the products and services offered by museums and to evaluate the possibility of using the classical concept and marketing tools in their work.
The present work deals with development of new post-industrial knowledge economy, as the higher level of development of economic matter. Economic science is gaining a new cognitive form in connection with intensive development and humanization of economic knowledge, complement and expand it at the expense of biology, physiology, psychology, physics, mathematics and other Sciences. Cognitive economy, as one of the areas of existence of the new knowledge economy, based on the discoveries and achievements of science and cognitive abilities of the person directly involved in identifying, obtaining and registration of new economic knowledge necessary to further its (knowledge) reproduction. Identified new creative area economic whom knowledge - nanobioeconomy, combining progressive reproduction biotechnology wealth of biomass of plant and animal origin with the analysis of the behavior of the human person in the process of production and economic activity. Identified key economic structure of the new economy - nanobiocluster as regional meso-economic functional system, described his organization, principles of operation, characterized by its economic efficiency; on this basis, developed a new innovative antirecessionary entrepreneurship strategy.
The article addresses the methodological problems of economics related to realistic and credible aspect of economic models and concepts and looking for possible solutions. The subject of the study presented in this article is evolution of the economic concepts taken by economists to justify their position on the issue of economics faithfulness, their main arguments for and against using realistic assumption in economic theory. We consider the transformation in economics issue before and after financial crises and discuss future of neuroeconomics as tool for overcoming the fundamental methodological problem in economics relating to using realistic assumptions and the quality of economic theory's predictions. The article is of interest to researchers in methodology of economics, and for a wide range of readers interested in the development prospects of economics.
Zyablyuk R.T., Titova N.I.
The article presents an overview of the extended session of the round table devoted to the problem of neoindustrialization of Russian economy conducted by the Problem group «Reproduction and economic growth» (leader doctor of Economics, Professor V. N. Cherkovets) in conjunction with the Center for national economic model of Russia (leader doctor of Economics, Professor V. M. Kuljkov), Centre for economic performance and productive labour (leader doctor of Economics, Professor A. O. Verenikin) of the Department of political economy to Economic faculty of Moscow State University. The discussion was concentrated on the problem of neoindustrialization of the Russian economy, the creation of a system of automated machines, the new (technological) level of the productive forces. New and adequate technology forms of organization and forms of ownership were elaborated. Such changes indicate the transition to a new model (system) of economic development which essential features are a system of vertical integration, inter-industry interaction on the basis of vertically integrated chains of value added production, increasing the efficiency of the economy and its functionning in accordance with the principles of humanistic development.
A. de Montchretien is known mainly by the fact that in 1615 coined the term «political economy», which became the name of science. The purpose of this publication is to consider what the author puts in this concept. At this angle the first time in the domestic literature was analyzed «Treatise on political economy» by A. de Montchretien (used the publication of 1889 in the edition T. Funk-Brentano). The article shows that Montchretien uses the phrase «political economy» for the presentation of a set of rules of economic activity across the state. The ideal of Montchretien - economically active people, honest and hardworking and the country, similar to a well-managed company. In his treatise the author tries to answer the main questions of political economy - what is national wealth, where is its source and what are the methods to increase it? An analysis of his book leads to the conclusion that he came to an understanding of wealth as a natural product created by labor. This allows to put Montchretien between mercantilists and economists of the classical school of political economy.