Вестник Московского университета. Серия 6: Экономика



Industrial Crises in the Russian Economic Theory of the Beginning of the XX Century

Vasilieva N.I., Nazarova I.A.

The article examines the models of industrial crises both in peaceful time and in conditions of war economy, their influence on the development of global economics crises. The authors then address the factors of industrial disequilibrium in Russia and in Germany in 1914-1918 presented in the works of famous Russian economists. In the context of theory of industrial crises the study of reasons for the distortion in supply and demand, goods and currency circulation, currency deficit (slender purse), inflation, etc. reveal the specifics of budget financing and mechanisms of functioning of macroeconomic system in force major situations at the beginning of the XX century.

Institutional Foundations of Gender Differences in Economic Behavior

Meleshkina A.I.

The article addresses the causes of gender inequality and its implications for economic development. The objects of this research are such gender differences in economic behavior as altruism, risk perception and attitude to competition. The undertaken econometric analysis reveals the correlation between the degree of gender inequality and current public assumptions about gender roles. Moreover, the article considers possible ways to measure the causes and effects of gender inequality. Conclusions of this research can be used as recommendations for institutional design of gender policy both at global and national level.

Mechanism of Forming Adaptive Operating System of Enterprises

Bilyavskiy V.N.

The article determines gradual formation mechanism of adaptive operating system of an enterprise, which involves fundamental changes in the structure and functioning of units alongside implementing the ERP-system. The problems addressed in the study should be taken into account while forming an adaptive operating system based on ERP-systems, that allows company management to maintain effective operational process. The paper presents the mechanism for qualitative evaluation of the comprehensiveness and complexity of forming an adaptive operating system based on the components characteristic of the current stage in the development of domestic enterprises. The author examines the advantages of using process-oriented approach at each stage of ERP-system implementation of. The effective use of these benefits may lead to a growing competitiveness of an enterprise.

Migration Intentions of Graduates of Russia's Regional Higher Educational Institutions

Varshavskaya E.Ya., Chudinovskikh O.S.

The article presents the basic results of a research focused on migration intentions of university graduates in several regions of the Russian Federation, including estimation of scale and composition of potential migration flow as well as characteristics of the factors that influence the formation of migration intentions. The empirical information of the research is based on the results of a sample survey of 10 universities located in 9 regions of Russia. Methodology of the project is based on the approaches used in the research of migration process, including factors determining the difference in migration behavior (pulling, pushing or stabilizing) and the choice of destinations of potential movement (internal or international). The research demonstrated that future graduates of regional universities more often intend to move within the country. Return migration in most cases is “forced”, respondents evaluate it to be economically unfavourable; it is caused by social ties and support (including dwelling) the graduates may have in the home city or town. Potential international migration is stimulated by factors related with friendly environment for residence as well as an opportunity to have high income. Dissatisfaction with different aspects of life in Russia works as the main push factor. However the majority of respondents after graduation do not intend to move anywhere from the city they study in. The results of the research could be used by interested agencies at both regional and federal level as a ground for policy-making in the sphere of youth, migration and educational policies.

Social Capital Formation in Russia

Ivanov V.V., Pavlov P.N., Kozlov V.A., Sutyrina T.A.

This paper presents an overview of studies on economic effects of social capital. It provides a description of the current state of social capital in Russia. The paper provides a number of public policy instruments for the accumulation (expanded reproduction) of social capital in the Russian society.

Sustainable Development of Arctic: Challenges and Prospects

Mikhailova S.Yu.

Climate changes in combination with high estimates of the raw-materials base create positive prospects for economic exploration of the Arctic, especially, russian part of the Arctic. However, such an expansion can lead to several negative consequences, first of all, environmental ones, and to worsen social problems of the region that already exist. Arctic needs an integrated development based on sustainability principles. In the article the projects that are potentially profitable from an economic prospective are shown, and their origins are discussed. In the second part the author tries to demonstrate the main problems that impede an effective and sustainable development of the russian Arctic, and proposes some steps allowing getting over the difficulties.


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