The article analyzes methodological forms of interdisciplinary approach in teaching of demography at undergraduate, graduate and postgraduate levels. The author stresses on two methods for undergraduate students at the faculty of Economics: inclusion interdisciplinary lectures in basic course, and the development of interdisciplinary case studies for seminars.
Aleksandrova A. Yu.
The article discusses current state and prospects for development of tourism statistics as a branch of statistical science. The author examines particular features of statistical survey in tourism and suggests the model of integrated tourism statistics system. Stages and prospective directions of tourism statistics research in the Russian Federation are pointed out.
Sheresheva M. Yu., Kalmykova N.M., Valitova L.A., Berezka S.M.
The paper discusses the results of the consumer behavior survey conducted in the research project «Social and economic activity of the mature age people (50+): needs, satisfaction, consumer behavior models, interaction with business and authorities». The findings confirm that creation of products and services for the older age cohorts must take into account both physiological characteristics of ageing, and psychological (cognitive) perception of age by target consumers.
The subject of the paper is the phenomenon of de-industrialization (Dutch disease) and the raw materials export orientation of Russia. The purpose of the work is a fundamental analysis or explanation of the nature of the phenomena from the standpoint of Marx’s «Capital». The method of (mathematical) description of directly observed phenomena (descriptive, exoteric method) used in the works on this subject is supplemented by internal method to clarify the relationship of phenomena (explicative, esoteric method). Key findings include the following points: (1) de-industrialization and raw material export-orientation result from the differences in the rates of profit (2) formation of the average rate of profit is an objective law of market economy, (3 )the mechanism to level off the general rate of profit is the inter-industry competition, (4) according to this law the rates of profit in export-oriented extractive industries would inevitably fall (drop of «oil prices» with constant exports and stable or increasing «oil prices» with shrinking exports), (5) under this law the rates of profit in high-tech (export) industries (weapons, nuclear, etc.) should increase.
Integration of banks and insurance companies along with positive effects for the state, clients and shareholders, also brings about specific risks. Functioning of financial institutions is exposed to the influence of external and internal environment, manifested in a number of risks finding the expression in corresponding threats. The article examines the risks of banks and insurance companies’ integration together with the main instruments of their neutralization. The author offers classification of risks of insurance companies and banks integration by its level and develops the tools to prevent and neutralize the risks of integration. The tools to prevent and neutralize the risks of insurance companies and banks integration are as follows: internal risk management; prudential supervision and regulation.
Suchkova E.O., Masterovenko K.V.
The article reviews the methodological basis of macroprudential stress-testing used as a quantitative tool to analyze and forecast financial stability. This tool has been actively used by regulators world wide especially after the 2007-2008 global financial crisis. We analyze the experience of macroprudential stress-testing of the US and EU banking sector with a particular focus on the Bank of Russia methodology. Using general scientific methods of analysis and synthesis of literature, the authors examine various aspects of macroprudential stress-testing. The result of this work is a review of empirical studies on macroprudential stress-testing and the analysis of its practical implementation in Russia and abroad.
The paper is devoted to critical analysis of economic methodology movement equating models and metaphors, without making any difference between mathematical models and verbal descriptions («stories»). The author characterizes some approaches to models’ methodological treatment in economics; describes models’ features permitting to obtain new knowledge and, finally, validates the lack of these features in most verbal descriptions of economic processes. The analysis shows that models and verbal stories have essentially different cognitive potential for economics’ development.
Shlepp I.I., Oganesyan T.S.
The paper presents a detailed analysis of the market development stages of public transport bus services. Establishment of a new management model on the urban ground public transport entails a need to create a competitive market, through effective distribution of the city route network. As part of this goal we propose the route grouping method based on weighted average profitability and investigate some Moscow route network. The analysis and classification of these routes can determine the degree of variation in the route profitability. Drawing on the data obtained, we offer certain conclusions concerning the feasibility of a more detailed diversification of route portfolio followed by its further distribution among passenger carriers on regular urban bus routes.
Morosanova A.A., Meleshkina A.I.
The article reflects the main aspects that should be taken into account in developing and changing the regulation of intellectual property sphere. Being harmful in some aspects, piracy also has a number of properties that can be useful for copyright owners: information, network and indirect effects. The paper presents a mathematical model showing the case where the protection of intellectual activity result can cause more damage to public welfare than piracy itself. The findings show a need for tools more flexible than the intellectual property system so that every copyright owner can choose the required level of protection.