Shabashev V.A., Shcherbakova L.N.
This article is devoted to a problem of consumptionism. This category is presented as a form transition society. Movement is made toward to information society. Consumptionism is considered as the obstacle of development. Information society is society after mass consumption. In this article different aspects of concumptionism are analyzed.
Bobrov A.L., Papyonov K.V.
The problems of the transition of the Russian economy on the path of social, ecological and economic development.
A joint equilibrium model at products and resources markets which reflects business cycle phases has been suggested. The model contains equations of the dynamics of capital and the saved-up profit, consumption and investment demand functions, wages and rent rates functions.
The article deals with the issue of the feminization of labor migration to Russia and provides an analysis of the role of female labor migrants in economic development of Russia. The author examines the position of women migrants in the Russian labor market, their employment structure and also studies the growing dependence of a number of sectors on the inflow of foreign female workers. As women migrants are usually employed unofficially, in the shadow segment of the Russian labor market there is a need for a reliable estimate of their numbers. The article provides author’s estimates of quantitative characteristics of foreign women in key employment sectors in regard to the total number and structure of the Russian labor force and also their contribution to Russia’s GDP.
The article studies risks, the main advantages and problems of the foreign investments for capital importers and exporters. The quality valuation of the economic development of the countries is given by the adjusted net savings. The participation of the countries in the world financial markets is determined by the indicator of the international capital mobility and the level of the integration into the world capital market.
In article the influence of large-scale development of new technologies on change of qualitative content of traditional factors of production is analyzed. The argument of transformation of technologies in the main factor from positions of their functions in a social production is given. Classification of factors of production is offered on their functional setting.
Today the depth and the range of agricultural problems providing sustainable economic development is being augmented. This period is defined by multisided nature of threats and risks that must be considered when elaborating a strategy for sustainable agricultural development based on modernization and innovative development model. That is why there is a need for a program of human resources management in agribusiness which will allow to create a sustainable social, ecological and economic system.
The article raises the problem of differentiation of the regions of the Russian Federation on the level of investment activity, carried out the analysis of the structure of investments in regions of the Russian Federation on the sources of financing and the average growth rates of GRP. The effect of the structure of investments in a fixed capital on the results of the development of the regions. The result of the analysis was the conclusion of the author about the necessity of revision of the factors of spatial distribution of the investments, it is necessary to attach importance not so much a quantitative characteristics of the investment process, how much of efficiency of realization of the investment.
The subjects of the article are the theories of value in the Russian economical literature of the second half of XIX—XX centuries. The author explains the criteria of metal money evaluation and the conditions of price forming for precious metals. The author also studies the models of “healthy” elastic monetary system, the concept of national debt money in the works of M.M. Speransky, E.F. Kankrin and S.U. Vitte and other Russian economists.
The banking literature points out that, borrowers can discipline banks, because they are willing to pay a higher interest rate to high-quality banks. Borrower continuously need credit, which is better to require in high-quality banks, with higher capital/actives ratios, because these banks are solvents and exert adequately corporate governance. With a discriminant analysis, we found evidence in favor of this hypothesis in the Russian banking system.