This article deals with theoretical and practical approaches to external debt to date. Based on the balance of payment theory, intertemporal external debt constraint model, financial theory of comparative return on assets, external solvency conditions it provides a theoretical framework of external debt. It contains the analysis of special features of foreign indebtedness in developed countries as well as in the emerging countries. Special attention is paid to external debt issues in the emerging markets which have been revealed within the global economic crisis in 2008–2009. It is concluded that financial sustainability plays a crucial role in supporting external solvency under the economic shocks. The article focuses on drawing up measures that limit short term capital flows in post crisis era.
Lukash E.N., Sidorenko V.N., Krivichev A.I.
The information interaction of teaching and scientific process participants based on videoconferencing (VC) technology is discussed in the paper. The technology enables real-time hardware and software using for remote computing exchange of audio and video information. The relevance and role of videoconferencing in education and research process is determined, an analysis of possible solutions for the use of video conferencing services on the Economic Faculty of Moscow State University is done, the choice of the best options to use video conferencing service for faculty is substantiated. The possibilities of video conferencing using at the department and individual use of the teacher are discussed.
Bobylyov S.N., Vlasov Y.S., Kiryushin P.A.
Clean energy development is considered as important for ecologization of energy sector. Clean energy is a factor for growth of human welfare in regions, increasing income of the population and saving the quality of environment, which is connected with technological flexibility and availability of energy sources. Development of clean energy in Russian regions requires improving economic institutions (decentralized grid, climate agreements ecological expertise), social institutions (education, and environmental education), internalization of both positive and negative externalities, and for population in particular. Currently, the regions, which needed the clean energy development don't have sufficient investment opportunities for self-financing of the projects, therefore, the special mechanisms are needed.
In article ways of modernization of industrial and agricultural production of Russia by means of use of the main economic tool of the international exchange by scientific and technical achievements — purchases of foreign technologies according to licenses are considered.
The article considers basic propositions of theoretical discussion about advantages and drawbacks of the official dollarization. The paper summarizes key positions of macro- and microeconomic approaches to the analysis of gains and losses of the official use of foreign currency.
Roy L.V., Antonishina E.E.
The article covers the issue of development of art investment market. The factors like long time constraints of this market exist, as well as factors that spur this process. Special attention is drawn to the tendency of turning art pieces into the objects of the alternative investment based on the theory of portfolio investment. The correlation of prices of different types of assets is analyzed. Specific factors which influence the investment decision making are highlighted, due to the peculiarities of the subject of investing.
Suyts V.P., Jakipbekov D.S.
Every system and the process used in management should be reasonable to find the independence. For justification of processes of a control system in a science there are various approaches, such as system, process, functional, universal. In this article we made attempt to prove independence of processes of system of corporate tax management by means of system and process approach that allowed to consider and prove these processes in company management versatile.
Materials of scientific discussion of the report of Y.Y. Olsevich “Psychological bases of economic behavior” which was organized by problem group “Reproduction and National Economic Growth” of chair of political economy with participation of representatives of chair of history of a national economy and economic doctrines of economics department of the Moscow State University are presented in article. The following issues were discussed: the achievements of psychogenomics and the economic behavior theory, double human nature, the structure and types of psyche, psychological factors of economic development of the USSR after the Great Patriotic War, the causes of the economic recession 2008—2010.
The results of scientific activity of teachers and research workers of Faculty of Economics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in 2012 are presented in the article. The most significant achievements are systematized through the prism of five priority directions of scientific activity and priority directions of Development Program of MSU to 2020. A positive tendency in scientific life, related to intensification of international scientific cooperation and the association of different subdivisions of Faculty of Economics round the idea of innovative development of economy of Russia, is considered in work.
Ludanik M.V., Orlova A.N.
The problem of dismissal threat remains urgent despite of the economic recovery after the crisis that is the main reason to find factors, which influence the dismissal threat. The article proposes theoretical and empirical approaches to consideration of the dismissal threat preconditions and investigates employment programs influence on the dismissal threat.