Вестник Московского университета. Серия 6: Экономика



Analysis of Environmental and Economic Efficiency of «Kyoto» Forests Projects

Kiryushin P.A.

The analysis of parameters of joint implementation projects in Russian forestry («Kyoto» forests) is given in the article. It is concluded that the most profitable types of such projects -creating forest shelter belts on farmlands in the European-Ural part of the country. Two factors are important for achieving high return: the price on emission reduction units should be no less than 15 dollars per ton of CO2 equivalent and area of forest plantations should be at least 3000 ha.

Coordination of Initiatives in the Field of Government Information

Lipuntsov Y.P.

This article is justified to implement the principles of standardization and regulation in field of eGov information exchange. The set of necessary measures carries both technological and organizational-legal character. Among the offered decisions practical realization of the main architecture model through repository and development an organizational and technological infrastructure for department's interoperability is allocated.

Currency Crises: Third Generation Models

Avdeeva E.G.

The third generation models of currency crisis characteristics are considered in this article. Theoretical liquidity crisis model developed by A. Velasco and R. Chang is presented. Also author made up conclusions about practical importance of liquidity crisis model in modern economic conditions.

Economic Realisation of the «Beijing Consensus» in the Conditions of the World Economic Crisis

Lopatina A.N.

The article contains analysis of main realized aspects of the «Beijing consensus» in the conditions of the world economic crisis, describes potential mechanisms and methods of how to manage economic processes both by business and government. The author concludes that detailed strategy can lead even developing country not only to come over crisis but also to show incredible results of economic development that helps to be before the developed economies.

Efficiency of Contract Relationships in Russian Corporate Sector

Barkhatov V.I., Barkhatov I.V., Kondratyev N.I.

The article deals with actual aspects of contract relationships in Russian corporations, especially their specific features, which strongly influence the activity of corporate sector of national economy. Basic directions, forms and genesis contract relationships, as well as its specific features and efficiency in Russian corporations are defined in the article.

Knowledge in a Modern Paradigm of Innovations

Sidakova S.S.

Challenges like onrush of technology, increasing competition in the field of innovation, makes companies rethinking the ways they generate innovations. Firms shift their boundaries and use external ideas and technologies to create business value. Changes in society have led to an increased mobility of consumers in innovation processes. Knowledge markets became a place there ideas and technologies can be sold like goods.

Professional Associations as Special Type of the Nonprofit Organizations

Voskolovich N.A., Volkova A.A.

The similarities and differences between professional associations operating in Russia and developed European countries are observed, the status of professional associations and the attributes of their belonging to nonprofit sector are specified.

Sovereign Banking System in Russia: Availability and Necessity

Musaev R.A., Volkov S.A.

The article justifies the need to build a sovereign banking system in Russia, including both federal and regional banks. The authors consider differential risk-focused supervision, the development of refinancing, antitrust policy as the key mechanisms to create such a system.

Subjectivity of Property Relations: Economic Interests (Politico-Economic Aspect)

Brizhak O.V.

Author shows the importance of the returnee to the classic politico-economic heritage on the new level of research for the beginning of the analysis of the problem of interconnection of economic interests and property relations (questions of subjectivity). Economic interest in the interpretation of the author is subjectivity of objective economic relation. It shows, what type of activity, social status and property the subject of interest will develop.

The Russian and International Experience of Environmental Impact Assessment

Khovavko I.Y.

In this article the author defines a place and a role of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in the system of environmental regulation in RF, analyzes tendencies of the development of this tool during the post soviet period and compares its effectiveness with the advanced international practice. The author has shown that changes in Russian legislation, in particular, the new edition of the Urban code, have impaired EIA importance as a tool of environmental regulation, have broaden legal uncertainty and have failed to provide feedback mechanisms necessary for efficient control. Analysis of Standards on Social and Environmental Sustainability of financial industry «The Equator Principles» for identification, assessment and management of social & environmental risks related to project financing has revealed fundamental differences between the IFC Performance Standards and Russian legislation requirements to EIA. All the above allows to conclude that currently there is no balance between stimulation of business development and its environmental regulation in Russia.

The State Strategy of Employment Regulating in Republic Tajikistan

Ashurov S.B.

Pre-crisis state of labour market and main components of state policy on employment regulating in Republic of Tajikistan are investigated in this article. The content of key components of state strategy on this market, the condition of indicates of their effectiveness are studied and revealed the problems existing in these key components. The concrete proposals on the working out of the new state strategy of the labour market development in Tajikistan are suggested.

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