Вестник Московского университета. Серия 6: Экономика



Attempt of Cancellation of Money in Days of Military Communism

Belousov V.D., Biryukov V.A.

In article the drama page in the history of socialism constuction in separately taken country - the Soviet Russia - in military communism is considered. At that time disorder of a financial system and monetary circulation, expansion of the natural relations, a rationing system of distribution, strengthening of the centralized state regulation were the general tendency of economic development of the European countries - participants of the First World War. Bolshevik's reaction on gradual desintegration of financial system in Russia in 1917-1921 years was an unprecedented in history attempt to abolition of money according some ideas of Marx and Engels, as it seems to Bolshevik's leaders just after the usurpation State power in Russia.

Competition and Pricing Mechanism of the World Petroleum Market

Gavrilova A.A.

Petroleum industry is the one of the key sectors of the world economy which influence is a dramatic for the economic processes dynamics and its globalization. All the issues related to petroleum have the complex character, including in itself problems of the economic and energy security, foreign, technological and innovation policy. The article examines competition and pricing mechanism on the macro-level, at the same time paying a special attention to the current state of its development.

Creation of the Self-Regulating Organizations in Tourism and Their Impact on the Tourist's Industry through an Assessment, Professional Development and Retraining of Personal

Kovalenko V.V.

In modern conditions for the solution of many problems in the tourism are searching for more effective regulation. One of the modern tools of variables impact on the tourism industry could be utilization of the self-organization in the industry. Self-regulatory organization, according to federal law has its main functions, rights and responsibilities, we will list them, they have it the following: develops and establishes the conditions of membership of business entities, or professional self-regulatory organization; form of arbitration courts to resolve disputes between members of the self-regulatory organizations, goods-producing, works, services, carried out an analysis of their members, represents members' interests in their self-regulatory organization of the ratio of public authorities at various levels of the Russian Federation; organized training, certification of workers' self-regulatory organization members, provided the information the activities of the openness of its members, exercises control over the business or professional activities of its members regarding their compliance with standards and rules of self-regulatory organization, conditions of membership in a self-regulatory organization; considers complaints action of members of the self-regulatory organizations, and other functions that are contrary to federal laws and ordinances of the non-profit organization. Self-regulatory organizations will be able to make a significant contribution to tourism development in Russia.

Macroeconomics as Set of Theoretical Approaches

Ryazanov V.T.

The article contains a review of the textbook Macroeconomics: Theoretical Approaches, Models, Economic Policy by A.A. Nikiforov, O.N. Antipina, N.A. Miklashevskaya (2010) wherein macroeconomics has presented as the sum total of theoretical approaches. Neoclassical macroeconomic model, Keynesian macroeconomic model, Keynesian-neoclassical synthesis, Monetarism, macroeconomic model of the New Classicals, economic theory of the New Keynesians are considered in the historical logic. Theoretical part of the textbook is supplemented with statistical appendices and workouts (discussion questions, problems, tasks for self-testing).

M.V. Lomonosov about Knowledge

Antipina O.N.

Based on the analysis of M.V. Lomonosov's socio-economic papers and role of his enlightening mission activity, this article examines the great Russian scientist's attitude to knowledge as a source of economic prosperity of a state and a human being, very actual in the present-day sense.

Rigional Investment Policy on Environmental Protection

Savon D.Y., Gassiy V.V.

In article actual problems of formation of system of interaction of the power-business-society are opened at management of social and economic systems, including at regional level, on the basis of transition to ecologically focused activity of each separate subject of the managing, directed on decrease in anthropogenous influence of the enterprise on environment at achievement of main objectives of economic activities. Such transition can be carried out only at development of partner mutual relations and cooperation between the basic local subjects. Local economic development is considered as result of partner interactions of the local government, business and noncommercial sector. The special attention is given assistance of realization of investment projects in the decision of environmental problems of steady wildlife management in territory of the Rostov region on the basis of state-private partnership that promoted increase of investment appeal of nature protection activity. On realization of preservation of the environment and the prevention of negative influence of industrial activity of the enterprises investments are required. In article the modern system of financing of nature protection actions which is presented by interaction of the state, business and a society is in detail opened.

The Keynesian Doctrine and the Russian Choice

Belyanova A.M., Gudkova T.V.

The article presents materials of scientific discussion in problem group «Reproduction and national economic growth» chairs of political economy of economic faculty of the Moscow State University of the report «The Keynesian doctrine and the Russian choice» by Prof. Dr. of science in economic S.S. Dzarasov chaire of political economy the Russian Academy of Sciences.

To System of Justification of Macroresults of a Social Production

Cherkovets V.N.

The article touches the problem of adequacy (inadequacy) of indexes of the system of national accounts according to real economic growth, dynamics of level and quality of life of the members of human society. At the centre of the paper there is analysis of the gross domestic product possibilities, which are emphasized by the very nature of this main macroeconomic category of capitalist market economy to reflect it's economic and social processes in their mutual connection. There are also examined critical estimations and recommendations for improving this system which were given by the international Commission head by the Nobel prize winner J. Stiglitz. The authorized possible decisions are also suggested.

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