This article analyzes the antitrust enforcement practice in Russia (2008-2010) in the area of competition restricting agreements (horizontal and vertical). The analysis is based on courts decisions database (litigations with the Russian competition authority - FAS). Database contains 242 cases, including 139 horizontal agreements, 103 vertical and mixed agreements. On the basis of this database we have analyzed important features of the interpretation and implementation of the competition law in Russian practice, priority areas of the enforcement. We considered the antitrust policy taking into account the risks of errors of 1 and 2 types, including the problem of the flexibility of prohibitions (PER SE vs RULE OF REASON), standards of proof, consistency of enforcement, etc.
Kartaev F.S., Kozlova N.S.
The article provides the analysis of the impact of monetary policy shock generated by the Bank of Russia on the Russian stock market yield dynamics. We have estimated the features and duration of the effect using SVAR models and monthly data for the period from 2005 to 2013. We examine a wide range of proxies for the monetary conditions: the key interest rate, monetary aggregate M2, the refinancing rate and the interbank lending rate.
The article examines the understanding of feudal land ownership as a fundamental institution of a feudal society. Drawing on the results of medieval studies in Russia we indicate the specific features of feudal property necessary for the retention by students. On this basis we provide the general definition of the bourgeois agrarian revolution and identify its different types. Finally, we consider the presence of classical signs of feudal property relations in agrarian Russia till 1861.
Butaeva K.O., Weber S., Davydov D.V.
We consider a description and analysis of linguistic, ethnic, cultural heterogeneity issues, with an emphasis on the economic and social consequences of the resulting conflicts. We focus on language, ethnic and cultural differences influence on the processes of emergence, or increase of the potential conflicts in the context of social and economic dimensions. We also take into account income inequality and migration, as the most important factors influencing the dynamics of these processes. The approaches to the theoretical description and empirical evaluation are based on basic economic criteria, which allows to achieve a more complete and accurate description of the studied complex social processes. We pay special attention to the case studies reflecting the peculiarities of the studied heterogeneity issues.
Rebiazina V.A., Daviy A.O., Karlova Y.I.
The aim of the paper is to identify the characteristics of marketing metrics usage by Russian FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods) companies. The article provides the definition of «marketing metrics» concept, examines the theoretical aspects of marketing metrics and develops their classification. The author analyzes the basic concepts of marketing assessment and approaches to the classification of marketing metrics. The empirical research is based on a mixed strategy approach. Two stages of in-depth interviews were fulfilled to investigate the marketing metrics usage by Russian FMCG companies. Drawing on the results of the empirical research, characteristics of the marketing metrics usage by Russian FMCG companies are identified: those related to specific metrics and those related to the organization of the evaluation process of marketing activity in companies. The results of the research not only expand the theoretical framework of marketing metrics in Russian FMCG market, but also can be used by the Russian FMCG companies to improve the systems of marketing activity assessment based on marketing metrics usage.
The article deals with the analyses of the modern history of economic thought methodology. The study traces the causes, which led to the loss of dominance of the proponents of absolutist interpretation of the history of economic thought in historiography. The factors that led to the expansion of the methodological arsenal used by the historians of economic thought at the turn of XX-XXI centuries are determined. The author attempts to systematize the content of the key approaches to the study of the history of economic thought. The article reveals the main advantages and disadvantages of the most widespread present time methodological principles of studying the history of economic thought and examines the prospects to achieve historiographical consensus.
The article discusses a vital problem of preparing a highly qualified personnel for the economy, which becomes mandatory for overcoming stagnation in Russia. A number of approaches to higher school economic education need to be improved or revised. The paper discusses the role of students’ motivation to obtain economic education, the importance of systematic study of economy, efficiency of situational analysis as a methodological technique, the importance to include new topical issues in the curriculums.
The article examines the knowledge as an «invisible asset» of a company produced in the course of entrepreneurial activity and the activity of the company’s employees. It is assumed that the entrepreneurial knowledge generated at the company can be transmitted, generally only from one person to another, because this knowledge is difficult to not only formulate but also articulate. The article presents knowledge classification on the basis of its formalization and accessibility for business entities. The author offers the hypothesis that the type of entrepreneurial knowledge owned by the organization is a major factor in the establishment, implementation and application of innovative technologies in the economy. Calculated by the author econometric model of multiple linear regression describing the dependence of advanced manufacturing technologies developed in Russia on various factors indirectly confirms the proposed hypothesis.