Shastitko A.E., Meleshkina A.I., Shastitko A.A.
This article addresses the joint cost allocation problem in context of firm’s price policy, market structure, enforcement of tax, environmental and antitrust legislation and the correlating problem of incentives’ design. The paper presents the theoretical foundations to distinguish such concepts as joint and by-product, their correlation with the category of waste. Moreover, the authors provide a comparative analysis of different methods of joint cost allocations and their areas of applicability. The practical part of this work involves the overview of actual practices of cost allocation in chemical industry. It confirms the need for an adjusted approach assessment of the efficiency and legitimacy of joint production in each particular case.
Belyanova A.M., Kaymanakov S.V.
The article presents the materials of the Round Table discussion on “Reproductive ties between Russia and the CIS: recovery issues and further integration of their economies in conditions of forming a single Eurasian Economic Union”. The Round Table was organized and carried out on 17 June, 2014 by the problem group “The patterns of reproduction and growth”, together with the Centre of the Russian economic model of the Department of Political Economy, Faculty of Economics, Moscow State University.
On 27 September, 2014, the Faculty of Economics of Lomonosov MSU celebrated the 60
The article examines the process of reducing the population of working age and its effect on marketing strategy of commercial banks in Russia. The author first explores the process of the population ageing in Russia during the 20th and 21st century and provides information concerning the provision of banking services to different age segments. The analysis concludes with an examination of several population segments which should be of interest to commercial banks facing the population ageing. They include the elderly, children and the youth as well as the population of Russia’s small towns. The author’s analysis is based on foreign experience which proved successful while involving the population out of the working age in the use of banking services. The article could be of interest to the experts studying the impact of population ageing and marketers.
This paper provides to the explanation of Russian peculiarities of excess mortality among young adults. Social and economic crises of the 1990s exerted a negative effect on the demographic processes in Russia of that time. The greatest increase in mortality was observed among young adults. The long-term effects of economic and social changes have also influenced the dynamics of mortality in post-crisis generations. The fact has conditioned the Russian peculiarities of mortality among young adults. The paper presents the results of the study which explains the phenomenon of excess mortality in young adults and shows the Russian peculiarities of mortality. The author identifies the changes in age limits of excess mortality among young adults, connected with the negative dynamics of mortality within the generation of the 1970s compared with neighbouring generations. To confirm the hypothesis that the dynamics of mortality in the generation of the 1970s will be a long-term one the author resorts to APC (Age, Period, Cohort) analysis. The study confirms the high importance of the cohort effect on mortality among the generation of the 1970s. This generation is most vulnerable to mortality and shows lower rates of decline in mortality in recent years as compared to other generations. If the trend of mortality continues, the aging generation of the 1970s will increase the negative impact on further rise in anticipated life expectancy.
Shows the effect of new technologies on the conditions of competition on the energy market and in related industries. Highlights the influence of the fall in prices for energy sources of the U.S. industrial development. Analyzes the determinants of Russian OFS market and emphasizes the need to encourage the technological modernization of this sphere.