In contrast to existing approaches competitiveness is analyzed in this article in the context of its genetic connection with competition and implementation of the objective function enclosed in it. From this point of view the content of competitiveness is associated with the ability to transfer the cost to one’s advantage, which takes different forms of existence at different levels of the economy.
The article presents a comparative analysis of certain aspects of higher education in Russia and China, sources of formation of income in the part of the budgets of higher education and expenditure of money resources.
The article is dedicated to the use of cognitive modeling for functioning enterprise with the use of data gathered during environmental audit. Process of model construction is described and task which can be solved with the use of such models are indicated. Model for nuclear power plant is presented.
Article is divided to the book «Macroeconomics: problems, versions, and polemics», dedicated to the many actual for economic theory problems. There are critical review of main ideas of the authors, contradictions and controversial issues in the article.
Khakhanov Yu.M., Semushkina S.R.
Today’s business environment is characterised with significant uncertainty as links between organisations have become more complex. Collaboration in alliances is the only way for organisations to reduce uncertainty of еру environment. In alliances companies achieve synergy and learn from partners. Organisational learning has become a key factor of competitiveness. Knowledge sharing among partners in alliances makes them all more competitive. Companies should learn from other organizations to maintain high level of their own know knowledge and competencies. Collaboration of companies with strong organizational cultures facilitates knowledge sharing. Alliance managers should also stimulate knowledge sharing between partner-companies.
Denisenko M.B., Stepanova A.V.
The article is devoted to the analysis of the population dynamics in Moscow from 1871 to 2010. The contribution of the natural population movement and migration inflow to the population size was defined on the basis of census data and statistical records. Furthermore, the population growth in consequence of the city expansion was shown. Migration stocks of the population were evaluated using both statistical records and the demographic balance method. The quality of the migration statistics during the inter-census periods is evaluated in this paper.
The article studies issues of demographic situation in the countries of the Gulf of Persia, under the action of social and economic factors. It reveals dependence of GDP per capita and proportion change of sex rate in age groups of Persian Gulf countries. One of the basic factors which decline of infant mortality rate is the growth of GDP per capita and the change of urbanization in the countries of the Gulf of Persia.
Khorin A.N., Suyts V.P., Maksimov Yu.N.
In article there is a speech about an essence of the mechanism of using sec-reporting for chose cross-list by investors.
Nikolaev A.B., Osmova M.N.
This article is devoted to the analyses of uneven growth and development of the world R&D system as a central link of the global system of innovation development. The law of uneven economic development is treated as a powerful factor of development of the contemporary global economic system, including the system of capitalist relations.
Using the definition of the term “philosophy” proposed by st. John of Damascus, the author has shown that the roots of a population policy are philosophical and has marked out two approaches to such a policy: traditional and utopian. The author has considered the peculiarities of the utopianists’ conceptions in the population policies and has made the conclusion that the modern population policy has as its basis the utopian approach, so a family needs a protection of its self-government and has proposed some measures to reach this.