Вестник Московского университета. Серия 6: Экономика



Credit Cooperation in Russia: Accumulated Problems and their Solutions

Ezrokh Yu. S.

The subject of the study is the financial and economic activities of the subjects of domestic credit cooperation at the present stage. The purpose of the work is to determine the contradictions in the functioning of credit consumer cooperatives (at the micro and macro levels) and to develop practical measures to resolve them. The article singles out seven main groups of problems an unbalanced structure of the rights and obligations of the shareholders of credit cooperatives, low degree of state regulation of the credit cooperative market, instability in the subject composition of the credit cooperative market, low degree of security of the invested funds in credit cooperatives, ultra-low openness of financial statistics of credit cooperation, low transparency of the conditions for the provision of financial services by credit cooperatives, insufficient attention to strategic planning and conducting scientific and practical consultations.

Digital Economy and Digital Technologies as a Strategic Development Direction of the National Agro-industrial Sector

Tsvetkov V.A., Shutkov A.A., Dudin M.N., Lyasnikov N.V.

This article proposes a scientific and methodical approach, which allows to assess the potential benefits and limitations of projects for introducing digital technologies in agricultural and agro-industrial production. The article substantiates that investment and financial evaluation of investment projects for the introduction of digital technologies in accordance with federal standards (institutional, legal, environmental, technological and socio-social).

Dilemma "Economist or Mathematician": a Philosophical Perspective

Tutov L.A., Rogozhnikova V.N.

This article is devoted to a philosophical view of a consideration of an urgent problem of the relation between mathematics and economics. The authors try to reveal and compare the main characteristics of economic and mathematical thinking, and reflect on the place of mathematics in economic research and education. We aim to formulate recommendations to achieve a methodological balance in the relation between mathematics and economics within economic research. The authors suggest studying mathematics for economists be preceded by a philosophical introduction, which would acquaint students with problems of justification and verification of mathematical knowledge, interaction of economics and mathematics, and also would give an all-philosophical view of features of economic-mathematical thinking. Mathematics is necessary for an economist, but it is only a tool to achieve some especially economic targets. This tool is used for definite purposes which don’t exhaust all the volume of the purposes of economic science.

Influence of Terrorist Acts on the Dynamics of World Stock Markets: Situational Analysis

Volodin S.N., Mikhalev A.G.

Despite the efforts of law enforcement agencies of the world’s leading countries, the influence of radical movements has become much stronger in last decades. Terrorist acts lead to a sharp destabilization in the country especially in its economy. Although the number of terrorist acts is growing, their impact on the financial markets is still barely studied. That is why the aim of this work is to define the general nature of the impact of terrorist attacks on world stock markets. For this purpose, the authors use data for nineteen countries for the period from 1988 to May 2017. The situational analysis, which is based on this data, made it possible to identify the main trends in the impact of terrorist attacks on the dynamics of market indices in developed and developing countries, and also to describe Russian specifics. The conclusions of this work can be useful to market agents as well as to the organizers of trades and regulators, for the formation of timely and correct measures to stabilize the financial system in such situations.

J. K. Galbraith’s New Socialism

Cherkovets V.N.

The article studies the original conception of convergence of capitalism and socialism proposed by well-known American (USA) economist and sociologist John Galbraith in connection with 50-th anniversary of publishing his world-wide known book «The New Industrial State», which actuality is connected with current problems of implementation the newly industrialization of economy, including - and especially - in Russia. The article proves that the «epoch of industrial state» has not been finished yet neither in the middle of last century, nor in our century. The Galbraith’s conception is been compared with J. Schumpeter’s and J. Keynes’s theories of economic development of capitalism. The article gives critical analysis of the evolution of Galbraith’s views, his explanation of «new socialism», which, according to Galbraith’s point of view, has come to industrially developed western countries and Japan. There are also suggested some thoughts about the content of the newly industrialization, as far as it’s special features and tasks in Russia.

Open Innovation Business Models and Open Strategies: Features, Challenges, Development Prospects

Bek N.N., Gadzhaeva L.R.

The paper discusses the results of review of the business models innovation, open innovation business models and open innovation strategies. We reveal an increasing business attention and extensive growth of scientific paper in this field. We define positions of single authors about framework of components, parameters and relation business model innovation with open business models and open innovation strategies Based on existing literature, we illustrate that openness of business models innovation enhance the role of ecosystems, platforms, communities and other network forms in strategic management. The important avenues for future research in understanding and alignment business model innovation with effectiveness of creating and capturing value, business, innovation strategies and positioning strategies in digital transformation era.

Planning as a Tool of State Industrial Policy: the Experience of France

Rassadina A.K.

Russian economy continues to remain in depression and enhancing scientific-technological lag in comparison with economically developed countries. In these circumstances the problems of structural transformation on the basis of re-industrialization and technological modernization become vital for further development. Implementation of different kinds of economic regulation and planning, as an important instrument of industrial policy, is the necessary condition for the solution of this task. In this regard, the experience of such regulation and implementation of different kinds of planning in particular, in foreign countries, seems to be of great importance. On the basis of theoretical researches and expert estimates of western and Russian economists, the author analyses the experience of implementation of indicative planning and other kinds of public economic regulation in France in the context of its possible use for solution of the problem of technological modernization of Russian economy.

Rule of Reason (ROR): Gains and Risks

Makarov A.V.

This article discusses the rapid formation of the Rule of Reason (ROR) approach in antitrust policy in the field of anti - competitive agreements. In many countries (the US, EU) there was a significant reduction of the use of per se approach (prohibition on the base of formal characteristics) in favor of the ROR approach, nowadays agreements are usually permitted or prohibited on the basis of the analysis of positive and negative effects. The article analyzes and summarizes the experience of these jurisdictions in the development of the ROR approach, the chronology for agreements of various types (horizontal, vertical agreements). The role of discussions in economic theory in this process was provided the argumentation for the expansion of effects evaluation. At the same time, the article examines the problems of this transformation, taking into account the problems of legal uncertainty, growing risks of type 2 errors.

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