Svetlova Ol'ga Alexandrovna
In the article discusses the features of the formation and development of the scientific field within the Novosibirsk medievalism school, which is connected with the study of singing traditions of Siberian Old Believers. Determined favorable historical, geographical, religious factors that contributed to the emergence of this trend. The author focuses on the development of scientific interest of Novosibirsk musicologists to the living tradition of ancient Russian singing, existing in the Siberian Old Believers. The students and postgraduates of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire under the direction of medievalist-researcher, head of the department of music history Boris Shindin (he is pupil and follower of the outstanding Russian scientist M. Brazhnikov) began her active learning in the 1990s. After a large-scale field work was followed by a generalization of scientific results in the form of theses and dissertations study of the students of prof. Shindin, preparation and publication of scientific and educational works, organization of conferences, as well as the creative activities with the Choir of Singing of Siberian Old Believer parishes. In the last twenty years the study of the traditions of the Old Believers has become one of the leading directions of scientific activity of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire under the priority complex subject “Musical culture of Siberia”.
Eryomenko Galina Anatolievna
The article presents the academic subjects in the higher music education, which is related to the study of music of XX century. Material is showed in the historical and chronological aspects and it takes regional peculiarities of the educational process. In the article is paid a lot of attention to the role of disciplines of musical-historical cycle in the education of musicologists and musicians. Also there is the characteristic of the objectives and content of training courses and the features of the development of modern music in different stages. The article shows the evolution of the study of musical art of XX century in the class for students of the specialty of theory and composition faculty, in particular the subjects of their graduate works. What is more, there is the elaboration of the development problems of the modem composer’s creativity in scientific work of faculty of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire. In the presentation used data from the personal archive of the author, who has been teaching courses on problems of modern musical art for many years.
Leonova Natal'a Vladimirovna
In article the qualification works of students musicologists of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire are considered. These works have been prepared on material of the musical folklore which was written down in Siberia from the people, not aboriginals of the region. The main objective -to show history of formation of the ethnomusicological direction in the scientific work of students. It has prepared formation of one of the major modem sections in studying of traditional musical culture of Siberia. The author analyzes the list of research supervisors of degree researches, starting with A. M. Ajzenshtadt and T. A. Romenskaya; characterizes features of realisation on the Siberian material of the main forms and methods of ethnomusicology, such as field researches, preparation and primary description of the selected material, use of a method of comparative studying. The author allocates the period of the 1980th years connected with practical mastering of features of authentic folklore singing by students. Else she pays attention to the period of the 1990th years when in the Novosibirsk conservatoire special department of ethnomusicology has been formed and council for protection of master's theses has been open. Thanks to it requirements to the level of qualification works was raised, studying of the most perspective subjects has continued in dissertation researches. Chronological lists of the degree and dissertation (master's theses) works performed in the Novosibirsk conservatoire are attached to article.
Bazhanov Nikolay Sergeevich
Article is devoted to history of reading the course “piano performance” in the Novosibirsk Conservatoire in 60 years. Three stages of history of this course are connected with names of lecturers: E. M. Zinger, N. I. Mel’nikova, N. S. Bazhanov. The history of reading separate courses appears on the periphery of the general history of higher education institution. It is more difficult to restore such history as it is not story of departments of higher education institution with their documentary base, but history of skill and personal professional qualities of the lecturer. The course of history of piano performance in the Novosibirsk Conservatoire belongs to the general history performing musicology of Russia.
Robustova Lyudmila Pavlovna
This article is devoted to issues of formation, rise and development of the faculty of musical education and enlightenment of the Glinka Novosibirsk State Conservatoire from the origins up to nowadays. It reflects essential processes and phenomena, related to the faculty’s main area of activities, namely: molding of teachers-musicians. In the article, the situation which preconditioned the necessity of instruction of students with different specializations is described. The idea of establishing the inter-profiled faculty, i.e. the faculty providing the correct direction of the activity of students of all departments, did not emerge at once; it matured gradually over the course of more than 10-year history of the conservatoire. Opening of the faculty in 1969 created optimal conditions of the stage-by-stage education in accordance with qualification requirements to the preparation of teachers-musicians. Simultaneously, foundational principles and approaches were formulated, and forms and methods of the work of instructors and students were determined, which retained their topicality today. However, traditions are not only preserved - they develop and undergo a modification that is the indispensable condition of their being at different historical stages. In addition, the article reveals peculiarities of the faculty development, in whose activity several periods can be singled out. The author focuses on first years (1969-1971) and then considers 1970s, 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. Parallel to historical data and events, then and current processes are analyzed; problems caused by modern tendencies, related to reconstruction, are set forth and considered; and activities of numerous instructors of the faculty and the conservatoire, whose achievements and contributions are of great importance for that higher school, are illustrated.
Lavelina Zhanna Alijevna
The article was created based on a presentation by the author at the all-Russian scientific-practical conference «Novosibirsk state Conservatoire named after М. I. Glinka in Russian music education: history and modernity» (12-14 October 2016), dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire. The Department of Music Theory of NSC - the age of the Conservatoire is considered to be one of the fundamental structures of the University. Its initial composition was completed by graduates who had come from Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Lvov, Minsk, Tashkent and other cities. Among its founders - a well-known musicologist, scholar Uzef Geimanovich Kon, formed music theory high school class. His disciples (professors L. V. Alexandrova, G. A. Demeshko, A. G. Mikhailenko, T. S. Sorokina) also made a significant contribution to the development of the University. The current composition of the Department the majority of graduates NSC: four doctors and nine candidates of art criticism. The activities of all members aimed at the preservation and development of traditions of schools of musicology, founded by teachers who stood at the origins of the Department of Music Theory.
Dubrovskaya Marina Yuzefovna
The paper examines in detail the history of the emergence and development of multi-vector important areas of scientific and educational activities of teachers, students and the postgraduate, masters and doctoral students of the Department Ethnomusicology based in the Novosibirsk Conservatoire in 1990. Under the eastern horizon implied perennial musical oriental studies aimed at little-studied phenomena of traditional and composers creativity of the peoples of the foreign East. For the first time submitted to the chronological list oriental diploma and dissertation work performed at the Department of Ethnomusicology from 1992 to 2014. It argues the weight given to the implementation, mainstreaming. Western horizons of collective scientific work due to the urgent need to Stu razdvizheniya ambitusa “Siberian” to national scale in the ongoing investigations, when, under the “West” was seen in the European part of Russia - of the Siberian settlers metropolis. Boundless prospects of vector research demonstrated on at least-author of research in the field of the musical heritage of Indigenous Peoples of Crimea, in particular, the Crimean Karaites. Actualizes the work in this direction is the lack of quality of fixing members of the Russian folklore samples that represent preserved in the living existence Karaite genres of musical folklore. In this regard, the use of a new ethnic material newest analytical techniques developed by specialists of the Department of Ethnomusicology of the Glinka Novosibirsk State Conservatoire, certainly will open up new research perspectives of Russian musical Turkology.
Shindin Boris Alexandrovich
The article is devoted to the formation processes of the NGK in the scientific field “Music medieval studies” examined in diverse angles. Among them are scientific and expeditionary activity of the Department of rare books and manuscripts, the Archive of the Pushkin House, the relevant departments of the Novosibirsk and Leningrad conservatories. Special influence on the processes provided by well-known scholars such as D. S. Likhachyov, A. M. Panchenko. A major figure contributing to the formation of the Siberian musical medieval studies, was the М. V. Brazhnikov, who created the famous school of musicologists studying antiquity.
Kazantseva Tat'yna Genrikhovna
The article discusses the expeditionary activity of musicologists-medievialists from Novosibirsk Conservatoire which has been ongoing almost for half a century. The history of field researches of living liturgical practice of Siberian Old Belief can be divided into several periods. The first period (middle of the 1960s -early 1990s) is characterized by participation of students of Novosibirsk State Conservatory in the integrated expedition of young Siberian archaeography. The second period (1992-2003) is marked by great intensity of collecting work, purposeful study of oral singing traditions of Old Believers of different denominations in a vast region, publication of a significant number of research works. The third period (from 2003 to the present time) can be identified as the period of ultimately disposing of the traditions of field musicological archaeographic researches. At this stage the studies are held in close contact with representatives of philological and historical sciences. As the result of multiannual field work the complete view of the liturgical singing culture of Siberian Old Believers in its typological unity and local diversity is formed; “the map” of distribution of local traditions is compiled, the history of its forming is established, the causes of emergence of local versions of interpretation of Znamenny chant are analyzed. The prolonged studies of certain local traditions are promising at present. This approach will allow moving from the description of the condition of the tradition in the particular historical moment to the analysis of processes of their evolution or transformation.
Sychenko Galina Borisovna
The article discusses the history of the study of musical cultures of the indigenous peoples of Siberia and the Far East in Novosibirsk Conservatoire. Periodization and characteristic of each of the periods is undertaken. The author focuses on the all type of thesis prepared by students and post graduated students, as well as on the projects conducted by professors. Four periods are distinguished. The first one lasted about a quarter of a century. At this stage, the musical cultures of the Siberian peoples were studied on the basis of a general musicological methodology. Thesis of students were small in number, and only at the end of the period two thesis of folkloristic orientation have appeared. The second period (1983-1992) is connected with a Conservatoire professor Y. I. Sheykin activity. Main results: training of a group of students - researchers of traditional cultures of the indigenous peoples of Siberia; creation of the material base; establishment of a regular expedition activities; creation of phonogram archive; development of a proper ethnomusicological approach; establishment of linkages with the Siberian branch of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The third period (1992-2009) associated with the organization of the Department of Etnomusicology (head S. P. Galitzkaya) and V. V. Mazepus activity. At this time, a group of researchers is acted; intensive field research is carried out; original scientific concepts and methods are created; many research projects are executed; relationship with the Russian Academy of Sciences are strengthening; new connections with other research centers in Russia and abroad are established; many new original courses are read; the third generation of ethnomusicologists is trained; qualified scientific personnel for the national regions is prepared. The fourth period (2009-2016) is characterized by the release of several major publications and numerous articles of the professors of the Departments of Ethnomusicology. On the other hand a deep crisis is revealed itself at that time: reduction of training courses and organizational structures associated with the study of the music of Siberian peoples has led to a sharp reduction in the number of students and postgraduates, and the gradual damping of the field research.
Shindin Boris Alexandrovich, Mal'tseva Anastasiya Alexandrovna
The article states that the musical culture of the Renaissance and Baroque was and remains the subject of intense scientific attention musicologists of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire. The authors analyze the subject matter of the reports of the conferences devoted to early music («Old music» (1969, 1979), «the European music pre-classical era (the 300th anniversary of J. S. Bach and G. F. Handel)» (1985) and «pre-classical Western music: theory, history and practice» (2014)), dissertations and theses. Affected publications of the teachers of the Conservatoire: monographs, textbooks, articles, in particular, in the publications of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire («Scientific notes», «Siberian musical almanac», «Journal of musical science»). The article noted the special attention in 1970-1980s to the heritage of J. S. Bach, the undying interest of teachers and students of the Conservatoire to the musical culture of the Renaissance and Baroque, the performance of the development of this perspective in the XXI century.
KARELINA EKATERINA KONSTANTINOVNA
The article is about the significance of the Novosibirsk Conservatoire in the process of the Tuva creative intelligentzia’s formation. The data about different generations of various faculties of the Conservatoire, who worked in the Republic and became active participants of the Tuva musical culture’s development, is gathered in article. The influence of performing, composing and musicological schools of Novosibirsk Conservatoire is discussed on professional growth of academic types of music-performing art, development of the author’s creativity and musicology in Tuva.