Butakova Larisa O., Goots Elena N.
В статье обсуждается ассоциативно-семантический словарь как модель языкового сознания носителей языка. Психолингвистические способы диагностики ценностных фрагментов рассматривается как часть анализа социальных процессов. Авторы исходят из деятельного понимания языкового знака и его значения, полагая, что любые социальные процессы отражаются в языковом сознании индивида в виде специфических когнитивных структур, связанных с социально значимыми языковыми знаками. По результатам ассоциативных и семантических экспериментов реконструируется смысловой состав, динамика значения, стратегии ассоциирования и семантизации слов преступление, вина.
Dotsenko Tamara I., Leschenko Yuliya E., Ostapenko Tatiana S.
The paper presents an experimental study of word-to-word code-switching by students-philologists – combined bilinguals: “natural” (Komi-Permyak-Russian) bilinguals, studying an L3 (English) in classroom settings. The results of free associative experiments prove that at different stages of professional linguistic competence formation code-switches between Komi-Permyak, Russian and English have certain differences in frequency, direction and typological variety. At the same time considerable intensification of inter-language interaction between all the three languages is revealed along with increase in linguistic proficiency.
Barinova Anastasia О.
The paper aims at conceptualizing a phenomenon “Churka” in Russian society. First appeared in the Soviet epoch, the concept has undergone drastic changes turning into an offensive ethnic slur due to the global migration processes, an outburst of ethnic conflicts and ethnic intolerance. Currently, under economic difficulties and social instability “Churka” has become a target of an increasing number of ethnic stereotypes, exposed to ethnic tagging and discrimination in various discourse practices.
The starting point of this paper is one of the main principles of cognitive linguistics – the interconnection of mental, physical and speech processes. In language, this interconnection is explicitly expressed by psychosomatic phraseology which reveals the semantics of body movements, mental states and processes. The article demonstrates certain examples of psychosomatic idioms which have been drawn from two different sources: first, from the so-called Dialogical Acting with an Inner Partner; second, from the database of news and journalistic programmes from the Archive of spoken programmes of the Czech Radio. These examples confirm the starting thesis and provide the evidence about body language, psyche and linguistic expression.
Goroshko Olena I.
The paper enlightens the E-Learning 2.0 concept development through the local context. The main research objective is to specify the role of teachers in this format of education with all pedagogical challenges. The research testifies that teachers defining social web and e-Learning 2.0 arrange such their qualities as “access”, “communication”, and “information” as primaries. The research testifies that their knowledge about this format of learning is rather perfunctory. Nevertheless, such its qualities as a speedy access, possibility of socialization, maximum use of its communicative tools’ efficacy and learning opportunities are of high importance for the learning community.
Nikaeva Tatiana M.
Results of the analysis of empirical research of auto- and heterostereotypes in language consciousness of Russians, Yakuts, Evenks, Evens are presented in the article. Ethnic stereotypes carry out a number of important functions, also they play the major role in an successful cross-cultural communication. The author of research reveals features of the maintenance of auto - and heterostereotypes of the Russians living in Moscow and Yakutsk; Yakuts-bilingvov with native Yakut language and Yakuts with native Russian language; Evenks and Evens. In the content of auto - and heterostereotypes the ratio of positive and negative attributions are founded out.
Denisova-Schmidt Elena, Dashidorzhieva Bairma
The lacuna model has been tested on many different kinds of texts, but not yet on job ads. Using selected job ads from foreign retailers operating in Russia, the authors show the advantages of this research instrument and its potential.
Ufimtseva Nataliya V.
Kirilina Alla V.
He article deals with some new aspects of language philosophy at the turn of XX – XXI centuries: the conception of fragmentary, truncated, mobile language (J. Blommaert); language as a cultural construction; an apology of the submergence of communicative powerful European languages. The conclusion about the new language philosophy as the ideological support of globalization is formulated.
Makarova Anastasiya A.
This paper is an attempt to reveal implicit gender metaphor underlying in A. Niffinegger novel “The Time Traveler's Wife” which attaches woman to space and man to time and thus reflects particular cognitive features of contemporary English-speaking society. To do that, we analyze means of theme development in monologues of the novel main characters – Henry and Clare DeTamble.
Dzyaloshinskii Iosif M., Pilgun Mariya A.
The article examines the perception and evaluation of the personal characteristics of the modern businessman in different linguistic cultures. A study conducted on the material of the questionnaire survey of 500 respondents from Russia, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, England and America showed that in all the countries the evaluation of qualitative characteristics of the businessman depends on the social, occupational, age and other characteristics of the respondents. Different groups of people adopt their own idea of business people belonging to both their business culture and those of other countries.
Yurieva Nadezhda M.
The article is an effort to consider the process of the narrative development in ontogenesis and to define some particular traces of oral narration in children. The empiric materials were received in the experiment with a small book without text [Mayer 1969]. The analysis of the narratives enabled us to reveal various types of oral narrative in the language of children, as well as various cognitive-discourse strategies functioning in children’s narration.
Aminov Nikolay A., Dubovoy Stepan N.
The present study deals with L1-Russian group patterns of phonetic operations in L2-German acquisition. The efficiency of the group’s phonemic perception was evaluated through their accuracy of performance and strategies in auditory categorization of synthesized German vowels. The experiment results suggested that L1-Russian listeners have fuzzier perceptual boundaries compared to a monolingual German group and tend to rely more on vowel duration probably as compensation for their lack of abilities to attend to German vowel spectral cues. Our findings support the hypothesis that patterns of assimilation by L1-phonemic categories can predict the level of linguistic performance when it comes to the ability to differentiate L2 sounds.
Ushakova Tatiana N., Grigoriev Andrei A.
The goal of the research was to reveal the psychological processes connected with the linguistic phenomenon of polysemy. In the experiment a subject had to reproduce the meanings of polysemantic English words. The succession of the words reproduced, their connection with the type of polysemantic word and the structure of the polysemantic network were analyzed. Some rules in the internal organization of a polysemantic structure have been shown: sustenance of the kernel idea, uneven ability to activation and stability between the elements of the polysemantic network.
Myskin Sergey V.
The article reveals the features of the professional identity of linguistic personality. The main attention of the author focuses on the analysis of the image of the professional world as a semantic basis of the linguistic personality in the process of its professionalization. From the positions of the activity approach describes the relationship between the concepts of «picture of the world», «language picture of the world» and «the image of the professional world».
Vygovskaya Daria G.
In this article the author considers values of Russian society and value “safety” in particular. The results of different experiments such as method of experts, method of free definitions and cluster analysis allow understanding the senses Russians of different generations put into the notion of “safety”. Also these results will help to realize people's needs and to use purposeful policy for improving their life quality.
Belyakova Lidia I., Filatova Yulia O., Kharenkova Anna V.
In the article the authors pay attention to the synchronism in the development of speech and motor skills of the child from 0 to 3 years. Throughout the one-year life the sequence of maturation of rhythmic activity of different brain structures is reflected on the genetically inherent stages of development of speech and movement. On the one hand it is a genetic program, on the other – at a certain stage of communication with others is crucial for the development of speech. The article emphasizes that the components of speech functional system for a long time are at different levels of formation.
Nikulicheva Dina B.
The article deals with psycholinguopersonology, as a new sphere of psycholinguistics. Its purpose is modeling of a specific person's communicative competencies, in this case – modeling of polyglot's linguistic and psychological strategies for language acquisition. Some key elements of polyglot strategies are described, using the example of a well-known contemporary Russian polyglot Dmitrij Petrov. The article discusses also the proposal for a new propaedeutic university course in language learning based on modeling polyglots.
Chirsheva Galina, Houston Marina
The paper explores the attitudes of Russian-English simultaneous bilinguals to their bilingualism, specifically focusing on two children. They were born in two different Russian families in Russia, both simultaneously acquired Russian and English according to the principle “one person – one language”, but one of them has been living in a different country (Australia) since the age of 3. The authors consider the children’s changing attitude towards their bilingualism in changing socio-cultural situations up to the age of 25 years old.
Lobanova Lidia P.
This paper discusses the key concept of the «wording of the world» (Worten der Welt) within the terminological evolution in the language theory of Leo Weisgerber, who drew attention to the manifestation of the human world in words as the basic process of linguistic activity in a language community. The essence of this process is the fact that a language community «words the world» (wortet die Welt), «transforms the world into the property of the mind», i.e. that it transforms the realities of life into language consciousness. It means that speakers of different languages inhabit different «mental inter-worlds» (geistige Zwischenwelten) and that different languages represent different images of the world.
Dmitryuk Nataliya V., Moldalieva Dinaida A.
The paper concern national specific peculiarities of Kazakh proverb image of the world reflected in the materials of free association experiment. Associative reactions-proverbs function actively in language consciousness of modern title ethnos of Kazakhstan and being archetypes of language consciousness are significant as elements of the modern Kazakh language culture. This preservation of the ethnic cultural constant based on moral ideology values uniting the ethnos is essential for saving values and ethnos vitality.
Sigal Kirill Ya.
The paper deals with the experimental study of prototypical model of Russian word combinations. In this paper it is shown that in the Russian language consciousness the binary combinations of substantive and adjective belong to the prototypical model of word combinations.
Ufimtseva Nataliya V., Stepanova Anna A.