ВОПРОСЫ ПСИХОЛИНГВИСТИКИ

  • Publisher Образовательное частное учреждение высшего образования Московская международная академия
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=30249

Content

80th Anniversary of Evgeny F. Tarasov

Markovina Irina Yu., Shakhovskiy Vladimir I.

Basic Communication Pattern in Russian Network Environment

Pilgun Maria A.

This study focuses on the analysis of the various forms of communicative activity of Russian citizens on the Internet. Examines specific communication in virtual communities, forming a kind of virtual identity, which is impossible and even undesirable to perform in real life. The analysis of communicative behavior in online interactions identified five basic communication patterns.

Cognitive Knowledge for Rationalization of Emotions

Shakhovskiy Vladimir I.

The paper states a fact ofincreasingsocialaggressivenessinmoderncommunicativesociety, considerssomeofits reasons,presentsconcretefactswhich motivate thisaggressiveness. The prevailing social factors of negative processes in society provoking verbal and non-verbal aggressiveness of mass media and speech partners are demonstrated. RAS Psychological Institute data about psychic degradation of human behavior and the growth of massacres are discussed. Some modern science achievements in improving the tendency are summed up. New scientific schools in psychology, pedagogy, medicine, linguistics, ecology, which research methods of human ecological education are listed in the article. New concepts ‘cognitive knowledge' and ‘rationalization of emotions' are explained.

Contrastive Linguistic Psychology and Psycholinguistics

Demyankov Valery Z., Sergeev Andrey I., Zharova Deniza V.

Corpus-linguistic investigations of the ways different people talk and write about their inner world in the framework of different cultures and different languages supply linguistics with new insights into pragmatics and semantics of natural languages. Linguistic psychology or ‘folk psychology’ is a discipline in which the ordinary ways of talking about psychological phenomena are investigated. The paper shows that despite differences of methodology and aims of study, linguistic psychology and psycholinguistics have deep interrelations.

Contrastive Statistical Investigations of the Russian Associative Thesauruses

Cherkasova Galina A.

The article presents contrastive investigations of associative and verbal networks which model Russian language consciousness at three time periods. The results have demonstrated the stability of associative fields to repeated stimuli when the frequency of stimulus generation is higher than the threshold value, and revealed the temporary associative constituent. The paper gives an account and a contrastive analysis of some characteristics of associative fields.

Diplomatic Discourse as a Specific Form of Scientific Communication

Terentiy Liviu M.

Diplomatic discourse analysis exposes two aspects of this type of communication: political and scientific. The article describes particular characteristics of the scientific aspect of diplomatic discourse. It points out similarities and differences of such type of scientific communication.

Human Factor in Language Development

Zalevskaya Aleksandra A.

The role of human factor in the interaction of inner and outer factors in language development is discussed. Orality, creativity and polyphony are traced as salient strategies in contemporary Russian stimulated by public relations dynamics and supported by new information technologies.

Instructional Texts as an Attempt to Overcome the “Pathological” Intercultural Communication

Kharchenko Elena V., Nin Huai Ying

This article analyzes instructional texts on the Internet and concerning the interaction between Chinese and Russian businessmen. A list of the most frequent topics are examples of statements that characterize the perception of the representatives of another culture.

Integration of Word-combination from the Linguistic and Psycholinguistic Perspective

Seagal Kirill Ya.

The article shows that integration of word-combination is a complicated speech operation. The factors contributing to the transition from word-combination to compound word are identified. The author believes that integration of word-combination is mediated by metalinguistic activity of speaker.

“Joy” in Russian and Vietnamese Phraseology and “Happiness” in Proverbs and Sayings: Linguistic and Cultural Analysis

Kovshova Maria L., Hoang Thi Phuong Ha

This article is about the images of emotions expressing “joy” and “happiness” in Russian and Vietnamese phraseological units and proverbs and sayings. The linguistic and cultural analysis of Russian and Vietnamese units allows us to study the relationship between linguistic and cultural categories through semantics.

LADY versus ЛЕДИ: on the Shift of Meaning of Loan Words

Vasilevich Aleksandr P., Molchanova Darya V.

The paper touches upon the reflection of the set of notions of the concept “lady” in the minds of native English speakers and that of the loan word леди in the minds of Russians. The data of three English dictionaries and the results of associative experiments were analyzed and compared. The necessity of enlarging the amount of notions found in dictionaries was revealed. Dramatic similarity of notion sets composing the concepts “lady” and “леди” was also established.

Language Consciousness - Worldview - Language Picture of the World

Ufimtseva Natalya V.

The article attempts to consider the history of the term “language consciousness” in Russian psycholinguistics, to analyze concepts related to it and to determine the core around which the systemic character of language consciousness focuses.

Language Reflexivity аs а Phenomenon of Contemporary German Linguistic Culture

Babenko Nataliya S.

The paper considers features of the linguistic and cultural situation in the contemporary Germany. Its important characteristics lies in the fact that mass-media discourse involves reflections on the resources of the German language. It allows to show how the na?ve ideas on the culture of speech confront the linguistic critiques.

Languages of consciousness

Tarasov Evgeny F.

The paper analyzes the totality of languages which are used by members of society in their cognitive activity to describe perceptual images and images of consciousness. The author assesses the heuristic possibilities of languages of consciousness.

Linguistics of New Media as a Challenge to Traditional Linguistics of the Past

Goroshko Olena I., Pavlova Larisa V.

The paper views new approaches in multimodal computer-mediated communication. One of constituencies of this approach includes interactive multimodal platforms. The sites of USA congressmen are rendered as such platforms and considered within political computer-mediated communication discourse. Thus, the paper focuses on linguistic and stylistic properties of mediatexts in the English-language political internet-discourse as well as communicative strategies and tactics used for their construction. The English-language electronic political mediatexts are represented as a set of mediatexts distinguished on the basis of the following typological parameters: distribution channel, the image of the author, the image of the addressee, the method of presentation, the dominant theme, and functional-genre affiliation. Among the communicative strategies of the mediatexts construction are the next: informing, self-presentation, and consolidation, each of them is implemented in specific tactics via verbal and nonverbal means. The main communicative attributes of these mediatexts are simplicity, informative value, expressive nature, persuasive nature, intertextuality. The conducted analysis shows that this multimodal computer-mediated communication through interactive multimodal platforms gives rise to new forms of communication that are distinct from face-to-face communication, with their own unique affordances, which are both less than and more than face-to-face interactions. In this sense, it can provide fertile ground for theorizing about language in digital interaction, as well as about appearance of new approach - Linguistics of New Media.

Maximised and Minimised Statism: on Some Current Semantic Changes in the Russian Language Consciousness

Shaposhnikova Irina V.

The author considers (on the recent psycholinguistic experimental materials collected in 2007 - 2013) some current semantic changes in the Russian language consciousness in the Asian regions of Russia. The associative semantics of statism are analysed in comparison with similar entities represented in psycholinguistic and cultural sources of the XX-th century. The analysis is carried out on the materials of “The Russian regional associative data base” (further on: SIBAS) and “The Russian associative thesaurus” (further on: RAS-1 and RAS-2). The idea of possible semantic parsing of the associative data bases in order to reveal evaluative dominants is being discussed. Via semantic parsing researchers will get easier access to the materials which they need for their study of such ethnic identification processes that are prone to conflicts.

Methodology of Forming Images of Language Consciousness in Learning Russian

Dronov Vladimir V., Sinyachkin Vladimir P.

The article describes a psycholinguistic approach to the methodology of forming images of language consciousness in learning Russian.

Methodology of Psycholinguistic Study of Synonyms

Rudakova Aleksandra V., Sternin Iosif A.

The technique of psycholinguistic research of the semantics of synonyms, which are not semantically differentiated by methods of traditional componential analysis is studied in the article. Research methodology is presented for analyzing the semantics of synonyms «jeep» (джип), SUV (внедорожник), physician (врач), doctor (доктор). By means of verification test common and distinctive features of the synonyms are revealed. We justify the use of triangulation approach for the study of synonymous units.

On Some Possibilities of Associative Dictionary Usage in Russian as a Foreign Language Teaching

Krasilnikova Lidia V., Ruzhitskiy Igor V., Ruzhitskaya Elina А.

The article shows the possibility of using associative dictionaries in the practice of teaching Russian as a foreign language. Their potential is seen in the adjustment of existing lexical lows, creating educational texts, contributing to the formation of bilingualism, the preparation of various types of lexical tasks. For example, the textbook «Russian vocabulary in a new way» shows the possibility of using the comparative results of the experiment in the creation of a national oriented textbook. The principles of grouping of associations, based on the types of relationships that exist between the word-stimulus and words-reactions, a typology of lexical tasks etc. are described.

Oral Narrative in the Ontogenesis of the Language: to Narrative in Dialogue with Adults

Yurieva Nadezhda M.

The article analyses the primary period of narrative development in the child’s speech and also defines the strategies of adult’s scaffolding in creation of coherent sentences and narrative by preschool children.

Psychical Base of Interference in Translation of Text from one Language into Another

Alimov Vyacheslav V.

Perception, translation, and reproduction of the text are connected with complex psychical activities of a man. The source language text is perceived by means of perceptive etalons of the source and target languages and as a result of recoding the target language text is formed.The substitution of perceptive etalons of one language by perceptive etalons of another language is a psychical base of interference.

Role and Functions of Language as a Subject of Modern Integrative Research (Psycholinguistic and Integrated All-humanitarian Approaches and Approaches based on Linguo-cultural and Psycho-linguo-cultural studies)

Krasnikh Viktoria V.

Several roles and functions of language, which have not been analysed before, are concisely propounded in the given article. The roles in question are in focus of certain approaches of integrative character - psycholinguistic approach, approaches on the basis of linguo-cultural and psycho-linguo-cultural studies, and integrated all-humanitarian approach.

Semantically Inadequate Associative Reactions and Nucleus of Linguistic Consciousness

Goldin Valentin E.

The article demonstrates unanimity of nucleus of linguistic consciousness in schoolchildren of I-VI grades irrespective of the type of associative reactions (adequate or inadequate) to the stimuli given.

Similarities in the Development of Communicatively Powerful European Languages in the Age of Globalization

Kirilina Alla V.

The article deals critically with some common features of leading (communicative strong) European languages: the influence of global English and the languages of migrants, the factor of social prestige, the rising language reflection in the academic society and beyond it; the new conceptions of language, politization of the language concept. Some proposals for the cultivation of European languages are being formulated.

Social Context of Common Human Values in the Language Consciousness of Youth in Poly-Ethnic Region

Peshkova Natalya P.

The present paper discusses the results of the experimental research applying the “internal text” method with the purpose of studying the system of common human values and social values reflecting the language consciousness of the youth community of the poly-ethnic region. The conclusion is made that the common system of social values presents a universal instrument of comprehension making the basis of co-existence and cooperation of poly-ethnic region residents.

The Dialogue or the Conflict of Cultures? (Some Aspects of Crosscultural Communication)

Valuytseva Irina I., Khukhuni G.T.

The paper considers some aspects related to the problem of the intercultural communication in the process of the dialogue of cultures. The said process may take place under different conditions: a) each side retain its linguocultural environment; b) the representatives of one ethnical culture migrate to the territory of the other one. The latter results in the inequality of the communicants and potentially can lead to conflict situations.

The Transformation in Language and Culture of Russian Speaking Israelis Reflected in the Free Associations Sets

Yelenevskaya Maria, Ovchinnikova Irina G.

This paper reports on the association experiment conducted among Russian-Hebrew bilinguals. As the basis of the experiment we used a list of 112 stimuli-words that form the core of the Slavic Association Dictionary, thus we are able to compare our data with free associations received from Russian speakers in the Russian Federation. The comparison of association sets, responses to the stimulus-word dengi (money) from different Russian association dictionaries with our data enabled us to trace and clarify the evolution of the lexical meaning and changes in the content of the concept connected with the word. Our analyses reveal the difference in the mental representation of the word meaning and the concept structure between Russian speakers from RF and Israel. We also discuss some peculiarities of the Russian language and culture in Israel.

Voice Timber as a Means of Fascinating Perception

Ilykhina Elena I.

The article is devoted to a brief description of an experimental research and its preliminary results on the influence of voice timbre as a means of fascinating impact on sense perception of verbal message in the conditions of involuntary memorization.

We Say - Patriotism but We Mean

Bubnova Irina A.

The article is devoted to analysis of specific traits of linguistic manipulation influencing mass consciousness in the course of the discussions on modern society’s actual problems. For modern mass media discourse, the most typical tactics of consciousness manipulation are determined through the example of the word patriotism.

EVGENY F. TARASOV

BOIKO BORIS L.

ИНТЕРВЬЮ С ЕВГЕНИЕМ ФЕДОРОВИЧЕМ ТАРАСОВЫМ "Я НЕ МЫСЛЮ СЕБЯ В ДРУГОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ..."

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ

БОЛЬШОЙ ЧЕЛОВЕК

СТЕРНИН ИОСИФ АБРАМОВИЧ

CОДЕРЖАНИЕ

THE HEART IN RUSSIAN CULTURE AND LANGUAGE: FROM A CROSS-LINGUISTIC AND CROSS-CULTURAL PERSPECTIVE

Ли Тоан Тханг

An attempt of many scholars nowadays is to study intensively the relationship among language, thought and culture, continuing the tradition from W. von Humboldt in Europe and E. Sapir and B. Whorf in America. The evidences for that are the theoretical concepts such as ‘ethno-syntax', ‘ethno-linguistics', ‘cultural linguistics'; ‘human factor in language', ‘language picture of the world' etc. In Russian tradition of psycholinguistics, this area of research belongs to ‘ethno-psycholinguistics' which was proposed in 1980s by A. Leontev and his team. In the research area of ethno-psycho-linguistic ‘factors', proverbs can provide very good examples showing linguistic, cultural and cognitive specificity of a people because they are “tools for world view study”; and they can show ethno-cultural and ethno-linguistic features of ‘language consciousness', ‘language mentality' and ‘human universal values'. In this paper, we will study concepts as denoted in the Russian proverb “ С глаз долой из сердца вон”. For showing a more clear cultural and cognitive difference between ‘Western' and ‘Oriental' languages, linguistic data of Russian, French and English will be compared with Chinese or Vietnamese, and especially with some languages of families and groups in Southeast Asia which have their representatives in Vietnam (as Austro-Asiatic, Austronesian, Sino-Tibertan, etc.).

ДОРОГОЙ НАШ ЕВГЕНИЙ ФЁДОРОВИЧ! С ЮБИЛЕЕМ!

ХАРЧЕНКО ЕЛЕНА ВЛАДИМИРОВНА, ШКАТОВА ЛЮДМИЛА АЛЕКСАНДРОВНА

80TH ANNIVERSARY OF EVGENY F. TARASOV

DMITRYUK NATALYA V., ABRAMOVA GALINA I., ALTYNBEKOVA GULZHAN, KALZHANOVA ALTYNAY, KISTAUBAEVA DILDAR M., OSMANOVA RASHIDA A., SHINGAREVA MARINA YU.

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