Kolmogorova Anastasiya V.
The article deals with the problem of communicative mummery in the motherchild interaction. The cases when the mother does not communicate with her child as ‘your mother speaking hic et nunc' are treated as the realizations of communicative mummery, e.g. the mother speaks to the child as if his/her doll would do it. It is suggested that the main function of the discussed phenomenon is to build up the child's communicative competence.
Sosnova Margarita L.
The article deals with the influence of emotional component on communication quality, interconnection between emotions and creative process in various art forms and in science. A model, a creative technique affecting negative emotions the destructive influence of which is apparent is suggested.
Zhiganova Anna V.
The article examines code-switching in the context of globalization and focuses on advertising. It investigates how code-switching to English in advertisements helps target a larger audience, creates the effect of modernity and prestige, and serves as a stylistic device, which increases the message recall of the advertised product and enhances advertising efficiency.
Barinova Anastasiya O.
The paper highlights the dynamics of ethnicity construction in the corpora of historical and contemporary American English and shows how linguistic representations of ethnicity reflect societal (ideological) transformations. It emphasizes the role of global social transformations and multiculturalism discourse in the discursive representation of ethnicity as a sociocultural concept/construct.
Chernov Dmitry N., Ignatov Yuri Y.
В статье излагаются результаты экспериментального исследования выражения психологических особенностей в количественных характеристиках речи. Установлено, что такие лингвистические показатели, как а) количество словообразований в тексте и б) отношение количества прилагательных к количеству глаголов являются коррелятами особенностей темперамента и личности. Обсуждается их диагностическая ценность для исследований психологических особенностей при помощи тестовых процедур, актуализирующих языковую активность испытуемых.
Laletina Aleksandra O.
The article analyzes language ideologies dominant in the Russian labour market. Ideological presuppositions about language as an object of reflexivity are the primary focus of the research. The following ideologies are singled out: language competence is a professional skill, standard Russian competence is an exclusive skill, job applicants see foreign language competence as a source of higher earnings, while employers regard foreign language proficiency as a marker of positive personal characteristics.
Makarova Dariya N.
The article presents the results of the research devoted to the national and cultural peculiarities of language consciousness of the English, Germans and Russians. It shows the ways these reflections are marked in the responses obtained through associative experiments and associative thesauri for the concept “space”.
20-21 апреля состоялась международная конференция «Жизнь языка в культуре и социуме-3», организованная Институтом языкознания РАН совместно с Российским Университетом Дружбы Народов.
Shahovsky Viktor I.
Kirilina Alla V., Gritsenko Elena S., Laletina Aleksandra O.
The article focuses on theoretical aspects of language and globalization as a subject of study. It outlines linguistically and socially relevant methodological issues, identifies key concepts and approaches and presents them systematically in accordance with eight different criteria. The authors analyze the works of Russian scholars on language and globalization.
Sedov Konstantin F.
Опубликовано в сб.: Жанры речи. – Саратов: «Наука», 2009. Вып. 6. Жанр и язык.
Gritsenko Elena S., Laletina Aleksandra O.
The paper focuses on professional discourses in Russian offices of two international companies. The purpose of the study is to describe language practices in formal and informal professional settings and to identify language ideologies underlying workplace practices not defined by organization policy. While drawing on the language contact research and studies of language in the workplace from sociolinguistics and discourse studies, the analysis reveals the formally declared equality of the Russian and English languages and the undeclared superiority and prestige of the English language. One of the most salient characteristics of workplace conversations is the evolvement of the creole professional slang with English as a lexifier-language and Russian as a recipient language that provides phonological, morphological and syntactic foundation. The hybrid language serves as a distinct marker of the Russian professional identity in the English lingua franca workplace. Although most employees are bilingual and capable of easily switching languages, a set of psychological and sociolinguistic reasons motivates extensive use of English in informal settings.
Stepanova Anna A.
The paper presents the main results of the research of Russian phraseological units from a psycholinguistic perspective. The author describes some peculiarities of their production, types of reductions and transformations, production strategies, considers the way of their storage in language conciousness.
Rogoznaya Nina N., Li Chenchen
The article deals with the new anthroponym coming into existence on the territory of China. Modern tendency of choosing a new name for a person is becoming more and more popular. The article describes reasons for choosing a new name, gives statistical data and the semantic component of choosing a new name.
Sergeyeva Marina V.
The paper deals with the perception of globalization by young people in Russia. Spontaneous associations, elicited from students aged 19-21, reveal the cultural specificity of perceiving globalization. The technique employed is a freeresponse association task based on the original experiment by Peter Garrett. Data analysis highlights the most frequent responses to the Russian words “globalizatsiya” (globalization) and “globalnyi” (global), the most salient thematic spheres and the prevalence of positive or negative responses in each association group.
Tsoy Alla I.
The paper presents the results of the analysis of the emotional component in business communication. Emotivity is considered the universal communicative category in texts of business communication. Emotive penetration into the ratio of business communication is introduced.
В сообщении говорится о нацонально-культурной специфике эталона сравнения в психолингвистическом аспекте (на материале китайского и русского языков). Рассматриваются факторы, которые необходимо учитывать при обучении русскому языку китайской аудитории студентов-филологов.
Zhuravlyov Ignaty V.
The article is based upon the author’s report at the conference “Language Life in Culture and Society – 2” (Moscow, 27.05.2011). It deals with basic characteristics of consciousness analyzed from a perspective of ritual and myth. The phenomenon of prohibition is considered the main awareness mechanism; the use of an “optics” metaphor makes it possible to account for authority as one of the phenomena of human consciousness. The main thesis the author upholds is: to be conscious means to act like the other.
Svinchukova Еlena G.
The particularities of the world view of three groups of respondents (those of Russians in Russia and in Kazakhstan and of Kazakhs in Kazakhstan) are described through the content of their images of language consciousness. The author's central focus is the group “Russians in Kazakhstan”. The paper presents the results af an associative experiment and the main conclusions of the research.
Mamayeva Svetlana V., Shmulskaya Larisa S.
The article describes social and psychological characteristics of adolescent students. The authors distinguish the most common signs to show the way they are reflected in the speech portrait of the collective linguistic personality of pupils the 5th to the 7th grades.
MELNICHUK ТATIANA А., Melnichuk Оlga А., Melnichuk Тatiana А.
The article deals with the detective discourse strategies in the novels by A. Christie. Strategies are understood as a number of tactics and devices used by the author of a novel to program the reader's perception of the main idea of a novel, the author's world model and the author's intentions. In the present article a suspense closing strategy and two types of suspense shaping strategies are distinguished, as well as the linguistic, architectonic, compositional and genre devices and tactics used to form the named strategies. The authors of the article come to the conclusion that the detective discourse strategies stimulate the speech and mental activity of a reader in a manner that differs from other literary discourse strategies.
16-18 декабря 2011 г. в Гуандонском университете иностранных языков и торговли (КНР) состоялся Cимпозиум по китайской психолингвистике, посвященный созданию Всекитайского общества психолингвистов. Организатором Cимпозиума выступил Центр зарубежной и прикладной лингвистики при Гуандонском университете иностранных языков и торговли. Тема симпозиума – «Психолингвистика в Китае».
Tarasov Evgeniy F.
The paper proves that there is an acute need for studying a system of universal and ethnocultural values. The author predicts a tendency to synthesis of Western and Eastern values which makes it possible for humanity to survive. The article contains a detailed programme for investigating universal values where the subject and the object of study, the aim and tasks, methodology and stages, recommendations for selecting groups of respondents and a list of basic universal values and anti-values are given. The paper can serve as a guide for investigating universal values in any ethnical and cultural society.
Baranova Olga N.
The article deals with the changes that are taking place in the minds of Russian modern young people and also shows how the subjective meaning of the words that describe moral values forms. The results of certain research work are also described
Balyasnikova Olga V.
Kazakova Natalia Yu.
In this article the definition and peculiarities of the functioning of the universal value ‘family' in Russian and German national culture is specified on the basis of the study of scientific and experimental material; description of the universal value ‘family' and its representations in the Russian and German linguistic consciousness are given in order to reveal international features and national specificity.