ВОПРОСЫ ПСИХОЛИНГВИСТИКИ

  • Publisher Образовательное частное учреждение высшего образования Московская международная академия
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=30249

Content

Aleksandr M. Kalyuta Turkish Associative Dictionary

Klimenko Anna P., Bubnova Irina A.

Aleksandr M. Shakhnarovitch and Modern Psycholinguistics

Seagal Kirill Ya.

The article is devoted to the psycholinguistic conception of outstanding Russian scholar Aleksandr M. Shakhnarovitch. The ideas of semantics in language ability, ontogenesis of meaning, and functional genesis of text are among the most important results of his studies. Moreover, the contribution of Aleksandr M. Shakhnarovitch to the theory of linguistic experiment is emphasized.

Alla G. Arushanova, Elena S. Rychagova, Kirill Ya. Seagal, Nadezhda M. Yuryeva Problems of Speech Development in Psycholinguistics and Linguadidactics

Arsenyeva Irina A.

Characteristics of Proper Names in the Ordinary Language Consciousness

Stepanova Anna A., Makhovikov Denis V.

В статье приводится обзор исследований, представляющих психологический и психолингвистический подход к именам собственным, который сопровождается нашим анализом ассоциативных полей антропонимов, полученных по данным свободного ассоциативного эксперимента.

Deviation Strategies and Tactics in a Modern Diplomatic Discourse

Drutse Anna J.

Являясь частью единого целого, того, что называется обществом, и функционируя в нем, человек вынужден вступать в диалог с окружающим его социумом и активизировать речевую деятельность. Выбор определенной модели поведения, стратегии, которая дает возможность максимально успешно реализовать свои намерения, в некотором роде оказывая влияние на речевое поведение партнера по коммуникации, является обязательной составной частью достижения коммуникативной цели.

Emotional Constituent of “Counter-text” as a Meaning Producing Element in Text and Meaning Theory

Kirsanova Inna V.

The article is devoted to the results of psycholinguistic research aimed at studying perception and comprehension mechanisms. Using the method originally suggested by A.I. Novikov the individual recipients' reactions have been analyzed. These reactions constitute the so-called “counter-text”. The experimental results and their classification reveal the unique character of emotional constituent in the process of meaning generation.

Gender Distinction Perception of Values

Nistratov Aleksandr A., Sinyachkin Vladimir P.

This paper examines gender differences in perception of human values. The semantic differential (SD) technique by Charles E. Osgood was used for the purposes of this research. Through the data analysis two clustering dendrograms were created, both for men and women. The analysis of two dendrograms enabled to see some similarities and differences in perception of human values between two genders. In addition, it showed the hierarchy of semantic network in evaluation of stimuli. Moreover, the semantic space was constructed and the factor analysis method was used for gender matrixes.

“Lexicographical” and “Psycholinguistic” Representation of Meanings: Search for a Match

Goldin Valentin E., Sdobnova Aleftina P.

In the article the words громкий ‘loud’ and тихий 'quiet' are used to describe the issue of uniform dependence and required match between traditional lexicographical and psycholinguistic representation of lexical meanings.

Linguistic Worldview in Herder's Conception

Lobanova Lidia P.

The understanding of language as a peculiar worldview (Weltansicht) or the picture of the world, which is one of the fundamental concepts in the Humboldtian philosophy of language was first clearly expressed in the work of J.G. Herder. His ideas of an intimate dependence of thought on language and therefore of language as a condition for the perception and cognition of the world mean that there are so many worldviews, so many languages and that the nation and its culture are linguistically defined. Herder's philosophy of language inspired W. von Humboldt to establish modern linguistics.

Semantics in the ontogenesis of speech

Shakhnarovitch Aleksandr M.

In the paper, some disputable and unresolved problems of the psycholinguistic theory of semantics are considered. Besides, the sources of semantics in the ontogenesis of speech and the cognitive mechanisms of text as a means of communication are presented here.

Single-reference Opined Words and their Formalization (the Case of Ethnophobonyms)

Kulikov Sergey Yu.

The article deals with a lesser-described lexical class - single-reference opined words. Most often single-reference words are used to demonstrate personal likes or to make accusations of racial, religious or ethnic hatred. The huge number of xenophobic messages on the Internet makes it necessary for forensic linguists to use computerized tools for identification and initial classification of xenophobic cases. We demonstrate various means of opined word usages referring to an unambiguously identified extratext object describing a special case of xenophobia - ethnophobia. The paper also describes a thesauri-based method of finding ethnic hatred cases in text. The place of the ethnophobonymic thesaurus (a database) in a forensic linguist’s toolkit.

S-Theory: Explaining Individual Human Behavior

Smith David Horton

The socio-behavioral sciences have identified thousands of variables relevant to explaining/predicting human individual behavior, but interdisciplinary and integrative theories linking these are very rare and usually not comprehensive. This paper presents an abbreviated overview of a new, comprehensive, quantitative, consilient, interdisciplinary theory that uses 31 propositions/hypotheses, 50 relevant variables and concepts, and a Basic Behavior Equation (BBE) in various forms that are hypothesized to explain and predict the complexity of nearly all individual human behavior, including sociality and voluntary action. Using one or the other of two broad, externally observable, dependent variable measures of behavior called Position (P) or Position Change (P'), the most compact version of S-Theory is the Brief BBE: P' = B x E x Y, where B = the Body of an individual human, E = the external Environment of the body, and Y = the Psyche, referring to the total psychological system of an individua

The Concept “Dynamic Object” in Post-non-classical Linguistics

Kirilina Alla V.

The article discusses the specifics post-non-classical episteme as applied to linguistics and offers a methodological innovation - the dynamic object, which is defined as an interactive self-developing, often politicized Internet phenomenon; observability and objectification of its dynamics is being provided by the technical capabilities of the Internet. The prospects of studying the dynamic object for the diagnosis of ethnic tensions in Internet communication are being shown.

Theoretical Bases of Research of the Assessment in Ordinary Language Consciousness

Chernyshova Elena B.

The article deals with the psychological, linguistic and psycholinguistic research foundations valuable reflection of objective relations of different types, as well as presents the contents of the evaluation component of the core Russian language consciousness, identified on the material associative Russian dictionary.

The Prolegomena to the Language Consciousness Theory

Tarasov Evgeny F.

The author attempts to clarify the methodological grounds for the language consciousness studies for which the author proposes A. Leont’ev general psychological activity theory. This theory develops the concept of sense cognition and the concept of recognition per se, explaining the sense image. The language consciousness theory is developed to explain the processes of transition from a sense image and a consciousness image to the speech utterance.

Types of Synonymic Rows

Belov Vadim A.

Based on experimental data two types of synonymic rows with different structures have been distinguished.

Universal Values “Wealth” and “Poverty” in the Language Consciousness

Oshchepkova Ekaterina S.

В статье дается анализ двух общечеловеческих ценностей: «богатство» и «бедность». Кроме того, рассматривается образ денег в языковом сознании русских. Для анализа ценностей привлекаются толковые словари русского языка, Словарь языковых изменений русского языка, Русский ассоциативный словарь. Кроме того, исследуется образы богатства и бедности в общественном сознании через анализ экспертных статей по данной тематике и социологических опросов общественного мнения носителей языка и культуры. К анализу привлекается Национальный корпус русского языка и паремиологический фонд русского языка. Делается вывод о неоднозначном отношении носителей русского языка и культуры как к богатству, так и бедности. Образ денег также амбивалентен, деньги не представляются русским однозначным благом.

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