ВОПРОСЫ ПСИХОЛИНГВИСТИКИ

  • Publisher Образовательное частное учреждение высшего образования Московская международная академия
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=30249

Content

Age of word acquisition norms as data for ethnopsychological and psycholinguistic studies

Grigoriev Andrei A., Oshhepkov Ivan V.

Age of word acquisition norms are treated as a source of data for ethnopsychological and psycholinguistic studies. Norms for the Russian, English, French, and Icelandic languages are used. National differences in age of word acquisition are analyzed as a measure of differences in national IQ. Words acquired first in all four languages are provided.

Child-directed speech and acquisition of adjectives: analysis of russian longitudinal corpus data

Kazakovskaya Victoria V.

The paper deals with the caregiver conversational strategies which are applied to stimulate the early acquisition of adjectives. It is assumed that the input should be rich and well structured in the flow of conversation. Рragmatic, communicative, semantic and structural aspects of initiative and reactive strategies which have been previously unexplored are considered. Factors affecting adjective acquisition (in particular, their relation to sensory perception) are also discussed (82/67).

Dynamic processes in the associative field “life”

Sdobnova Alevtina P.

The article deals with age dynamic processes in the associative field of the stimulus “life” in language consciousness of schoolchildren. The author proves that the process of progressive approaching to the adult associative “norm” goes on with an uneven pace, passing through crisis points, and is strongly influenced by the gender of a schoolchild.

Ethno-lingual consciousness: unity and contradiction

Valuitseva Irina I., Khukhuni Georgiy T.

The present paper deals with the notion of ethno-lingual consciousness, widely used in modern ethnopsycholinguistics. Some of its main characteristics are not defined precisely and demand further investigation. Among them may be named such aspects as its relations with the notions of ethno-cultural and lingual consciousness, ethnic self-consciousness, etc., both from synchronic and diachronic points of view.

Evolution of multimodal text: impact to interaction

Sonin Alexander G., Michurin Dmitry S.

Analyzing multimodal texts is regarded as one of key avenues within the framework of research into language in the context of other semiotic systems. The paper looks into the use of multimodal texts in Internet-based communication known as the latest trend in evolution of the texts which incorporate both verbal and visual components. It analyzes mainstream forms of Internet-based multimodal texts and argues the potential of adopting the framework of speech production/ comprehension research.

Explikation des sprachlichen weltbildes anhand untersuchung der assoziationen von deutschen, litauern und russen

Toleikienė Reda, Akimova Elena

В статье описываются ассоциативные связи слов-стимулов, которые по данным психолингвистических исследований принадлежат к ядру языкового сознания славян, русских Литвы и литовцев: жизнь – лит. gyvenimas – нем. Leben, человек – лит.žmogus – нем. Mensch, дом – лит. namas /namai – нем. Haus /das Zuhausе/. При этом авторы статьи считают, что при сопоставительном аналазе необходимо обращать внимание как на форму, так и на содержание ассоциаций. Результаты исследования показали, что в характеристике специфики ЯКМ немцев, литовцев и русских Литвы важнейшим аспектом является оценка. Все реакции на указанные слова-стимулы можно разделить на 2 группы. В одной группе оценка выражена ясно (у литовцев и русских Литвы), в другой – отсутствует (у немцев). Отметим, что для немецкой языковой картины мира характерна метафоричность ассоциаций, для русской и отчасти литовской – ориентация на прецедентные тексты.

Functional organization of polysemic structures

Ushakova Tatiana N., Grigoriev Andrey A., Gavrilova Euginia V., Golysheva Euginia A.

Phenomenon of polysemy was investigated from the cognitive-psycholinguistic position. In the experiments the subjects reproduced the meanings of a polysemic word, as many as they could. The succession of the meanings reproduced, the frequency of their occurrence and their co-ordination were registered. It’s shown that the semantic components (meanings) are functioning accordingly to their capability of activating and resistance to influence. The functional organization of polysemic structure is characterized: the existence of central and peripheral components, “kernel idea”. The storing and activating of semantic elements in the verbal human system is described.

Functional peculiarities of agreement/ disagreement in different types of episodes of communication

Arkhipova Elena V.

Agreement/disagreement is viewed as a specific type of speech act. It is claimed that the speech act of agreement/disagreement appears as a reaction to representative, directive, commissive and expressive speech acts in different types of episodes of communication. An attempt to model episodes of communication according to initial speech acts and agreement/disagreement as a reaction for each case is made.

“Hands” in Russian and English linguistic consciousness

Bogolepova Svetlana V.

This article represents an attempt to analyze the somatism (nomination of the bodypart) “hands” from the psycholinguistic point of view. It aims to reveal the mental images Russian and English speakers associate with the word “hands”. For this purpose, a wide range of linguistic sources such as language corpora and the results of an associative experiment have been studied and compared. The methods of the analysis are described, its qualitative and quantitive results are presented.

Intentional aspect of interaction in the family dialogue

Grebenshchikova Taisia A., Zachiosova Irina A.

The article is based on the intent-analysis that is the expert approach to the study of psychological content of speech. Interaction in the everyday family dialogue is considered as a combination of coordinated hierarchically organized intentional structures. Each structure is related with certain intentions and there is the most common combinations of these structure, although there may be any combination.

Linguistic status of associative reaction

Mironova Nataliya I.

Associative reactions obtained in the experiments with a single or multiple response can be analyzed not only as lexical units, but also as sentences / utterances that they form their own or together with the word-stimulus, depending on what kind of object (action, etc.) is in the focus of attention of the respondent at the time of generation of the reaction.

Materials of Psycholinguistic Conference

Ushakova Tatiana N., Ufimtseva Nataliya V.

On constitutive characteristics of concsciousness

Zhuravlev Ignatiy V.

The article deals with basic characteristics of consciousness (such as doubleness and non-transparency). According to Leontiev’s “image–process” opposition, author defenses the idea of a multilevel system of world categorization (modeling) and analyses the concept of phenomenal tissue of consciousness.

Problems of creation of psycholinguistic explanatory dictionary of Russian

Sternin Iosif A., Rudakova Alexandra V.

The concept of psycholinguistic meaning as the meaning described as an accessory of ordinary language consciousness, revealed by associative experiment is offered.

Regional aspects of the russian youth language consciousness

Peshkova Natalia P.

The paper considers the models of the Russian youth language consciousness from the view points of sociology, psychology and psycholinguistics. The results of comparative psycholinguistic research of the Ural-Siberian student society basic values based on the method of associative experiment and the method of “internal text” are presented in the article

Rhythm of speech and nonspeech processes in children in norm and speech and language pathology

Belyakova Lydia I., Filatova Yulia O.

The authors consider oral speech as a functional system realizable in a psychosensomotor speech stereotype which is forming as a result of integration, coordination and regulation of its subsystems. This study examined speech and nonspeech rhythms in ontogenesis and speech dysontogenesis. In norm the accurate dynamics of nonspeech and speech rhythms maturing is revealed. The low level of rhythmical motor response development, the delay of the rhythmical speech organization maturing are found out in children with speech & language pathology, its specific disorders are shown at different forms of speech & language pathology. The psychological and pedagogical model of rhythm development in children with speech & language disorders is scientifically substantiated and presented.

Semantics of sound

Almayev Nikolai A.

The article is focused on the problem of sound semantics. It deals predominantly with the psycho-physiological mechanism by which sound can have meaning by itself, before and beyond its association with object, either its source or denotation. The data of empirical study of sounds corporal localization demonstrate that the perception of a sound is accompanied by an assessment of the body’s ability to generate it. Research program of acoustic semantics is proposed.

Speech genres in language consciousness of younger pupils

Lemjaskina Nataliya A.

The article considers the results of the study of speech genres, most commonly used in the speech of younger pupils (1st to 4th class), their subjects, age-appropriate development of speech genres and their components in the linguistic consciousness of a child.

Swear words in english communication: meaning and functions

Larina Tatiana V., Ozyumenko Vladimir I., Gornostaeva Anna A.

The present paper deals with the problem of swearing in the communicative behavior of educated English speakers taking into account its pragmatic functions and acceptability. It focuses primarily on expressing positive emotions and attitudes in a friendly discourse. Since the English language exists in variations, we take that as English, which unites these variations and exists ( functions) as a part of the so- called Anglo-culture [Wierzbicka 2006]. In the present article we are using the term Anglo-Saxon culture.

The effect of the category intention: how the mere presence of a word activates categorization

Kotov Alexei A., Kotova Tatiana N., Vlasova Elizabeth F., Agrba Liana

In the present study subjects had to remember items in different conditions: those items were previously marked by either one word or by two words. It turned out that the presence of two different words made subjects less sensitive to individual distinctions between items and consequently resulted in poorer memory on such individual examples. The effect in the one word condition was the opposite. That effect – the intention of the word meaning – points to spontaneous activation of the categorization process in the mere presence of the word and for the first time it was found on artificial material.

The ontogenetic types of oral narrative at preschool stage

Yurieva Nadezhda M.

The article is an effort to consider the process of the narrative development in ontogenesis and defining some particular traces of orale narration in children at 3 to 7 years of age. The empiric materials were received in the experiment where we used a small book without text [Mayer 1969]. The analysis of the oral narratives of children enabled us to reveal various types of oral narrative in the language of children, as well as various cognitive-discourse strategies functioning in the course of narration of preschool-age children.

The reflection of the emotional state in vocalizations of children and chimpanzees

Lyakso Elena E., Kuznetsova Tamara G., Frolova Olga V.

The article presents a comparative analysis of the vocalizations of infant of the first year and chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). There was been revealed general regularities in the reflection of the acoustic characteristics of the sound signals of emotional states of infants and chimpanzees.

Verbal abilities: psycholinguistic and differential approach

Gavrilova Evgeniya V., Belova Sofiya S.

The article presents results of empirical verification of general abilities model where verbal intelligence was operationalized by measures of verbal knowledge and categorization and processing of peripheral verbal information and verbal competence.

РЕЗОЛЮЦИЯ ОБЩЕРОССИЙСКОГО НАУЧНО-ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКОГО СЕМИНАРА "ЭМОТИВНАЯ ЛИНГВОЭКОЛОГИЯ В СОВРЕМЕННОМ КОММУНИКАТИВНОМ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕ"

ШАХОВСКИЙ ВИКТОР ИВАНОВИЧ, ВОЛКОВА ЯНА АЛЕКСАНДРОВНА

Целью научно-теоретического семинара явилось 1) привлечение внимания широкого круга лингвистов, лингвоэкологов, лингвокультурологов к роли эмоций в человеческой коммуникации, к изучению их влияния на здоровье человека через правильное / неправильное пользование языком, а также на здоровье, экологию самого языка; 2) обсуждение актуальных вопросов нового лингвистического направления – эмотивной лингвоэкологии; разработка методологии и терминологического аппарата данной отрасли языкознания.

СВЕДЕНИЯ ОБ АВТОРАХ

ИНФОРМАЦИЯ

РЕЧЕВЫЕ ПРИЕМЫ АПОЛОГИЗАЦИИ НЕЭТИЧНОГО ПОВЕДЕНИЯ

ЛАТЫНОВ ВЛАДИСЛАВ ВИКТОРОВИЧ

Исследовалось влияние различных типов объяснений – извинений и оправданий – на оценку неэтичного поступка, а также моральных качеств лица, его совершившего. Выявлены наиболее эффективные и, напротив, недейственные в плане формирования позитивного впечатления о человеке и его поступке типы апологизации.The paper deals with the influence of different types of explanations – justifications and excuses – on the assessment of unethical act, as well as moral character of a person who committed it. There have been revealed most effective and, conversely, least of effective types of apologization in terms of creating a positive impression of the man and his action.

СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

ОБЩЕРОССИЙСКИЙ НАУЧНО-ТЕОРЕТИЧЕСКИЙ СЕМИНАР "ЭМОТИВНАЯ ЛИНГВОЭКОЛОГИЯ В СОВРЕМЕННОМ КОММУНИКАТИВНОМ ПРОСТРАНСТВЕ"

ШАХОВСКИЙ ВИКТОР ИВАНОВИЧ, ВОЛКОВА ЯНА АЛЕКСАНДРОВНА

5-6 октября 2012 года в Институте иностранных языков Волгоградского государственного социально-педагогического университета (ВГСПУ) при поддержке гранта РГНФ (проект № 12-04-00008 а) состоялся общероссийский научно-теоретический семинар «Эмотивная лингвоэкология в современном коммуникативном пространстве». Организаторами семинара выступили научно-исследовательская лаборатория «Язык и личность» и кафедра языкознания ФГБОУ ВПО «ВГСПУ».

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