Xolkina Lilija S.
Serebrjanaja Irina B.
The article discusses the possibility of using Russian materials of literary criticism as an important source of linguistic information. These judgments, which are a manifestation of linguistic consciousness, reflected the trend of language development, cultural and speech problems, linguistic tastes and preferences of the era.
Vydrin Arsenij P.
The article is devoted to dedicated subject impersonal in Iranian languages. By subject impersonal I understand the verbal category that removes A-participant. I argue that the only Iranian language that has verbal impersonal is Ossetic (Eastern Iranian). I explore morphological, syntactic and semantic peculiarities of the Ossetic impersonal. I argue that Ossetic impersonal is a unique category within Iranian and Caucasian language areal.
Moskaljuk Larisa I.
The article analyses the contemporary language situation in the villages with compact habitation of Russian Germans in Altai Krai, the factors influencing the development of island German dialects, their preservation or loss. It demonstrates the features presented in Altai German dialects.
Vyrenkova Anastasija S., Polinskaja Maria S., Raxilina Ekat-erina V.
The article gives an overview of mistakes made by a peculiar type of speakers - children of emigrants from Russia who grew up in a foreign linguistic environment and inherited their Russian from their parents. English tradition refers to this variety of Russian as «heritage Russian». The study is based on the data from the Russian learner corpus, which includes texts produced by children of emigrants to the USA. The results show that the mistakes made by this type of speakers are different from those made by both common speakers of Russian and L2 students, and the process of their emergence is of significant linguistic interest.
Zolyan Suren T.
We consider Frege''s, Peirce''s and Saussure''s conceptions of sign. The principal differences between them lead to divergent theories of linguistic sign. We suggest to expand Frege''s approach by modal extension. Frege''s basic idea is that a sense is a relation (function) that соrrelates linguistic expressions with non-linguistic objects. This function can be defined on the set of possible worlds. The formal definition of sense as a function can be supplemented by a substantial aspect of specifying the conditions of denotation, i. e. in respect to which worlds and with which intertextual and contextual means a denotation can be exercised. Thus, sense can be described both as a model of correspondence (reference) and as a mode of existence within that model (some set of possible worlds) of some object (in the case of proper name) or some class of objects (in the case of a common name). We suggest considering all these relations as a modal dimension of linguistic sign. Within the process of actualization the modal characteristics of the sign interact with the world and context of communication, whereby the denotation of the sign is specified in respect to a certain pair of «world-context».
Gorbunova Irina M.
The present paper describes the way phasal meanings are expressed in Atayal (Atayalic group of Austronesian languages). According to our data, Atayal exhibits a grammatical category of phasal polarity, with two phrasal particles (la and na) regularly and (sometimes) obligatory expressing the meanings which are similar to those of English adverbials already, still, no longer, and (not) yet. Some features of those particles (such as linear position, frequency, obligatory use, etc) are discussed in this paper. The semantics of each particle is also given a detailed analysis.
Vydrina Aleksandra V., Stojnova Natal'ja M.
Azarova Natalija M., Bocaver Svetlana Ju.
Vasil'jev Valerij L., Vixrova Nina N.
This article seeks to explore the features of toponymic nomenclature of medieval territorial districts in the Russian North-West, in other words, the churchyards (pogost''s), which were an essential feature of the administrative-territorial division of the Novgorod Republic land for eight centuries. Sources of research are Novgorod medieval tax registers (piscovyje knigi) of the XV-XVI centuries, in which the system of churchyards is presented in the most complete and systematic form. The authors describe the main nomination models for territorial districts and interpret the archaic toponymy of the main villages of these districts in terms of motivation and semantics.
Miscenko Dar'ja F.
Kopeliovic Avgust B., Pimenova Marina, F Vladimir I.
P Rod-monga K., Potapov VsevolodV.
ТАГАБИЛЕВА МАРИЯ ГЕННАТУЛОВНА
ВАЛОВА ЕВДОКИЯ АЛЕКСЕЕВНА