Though iterativity is linked to the imperfective aspect in Russian, there is one exception where the perfective aspect can be used. This case is mostly treated separately under the title of the so called «summative function of the perfective aspect». Based on data from the Russian national corpus the paper presents a psycholinguistic experiment that will give evidence about the connection between certain adverbial quantiﬁ ers (two times, three times etc.) and the choice of verbal aspect in iterative contexts. The results of the experiment indicate that type and position of the quantiﬁers can affect not only the choice of the verbal aspect, but also its cognitive processing.
Makarcev Maksim M.
Vel’mezova Ekaterina V.
Raxilina Ekaterina, Reznikova Tat'jana
The article discusses the principles for systematic cross-linguistic studies in lexical semantics, which could provide a framework for large-scale comparative analyses in a great number of languages. It is claimed that typological regularities can be revealed by examining the lexical combinability and contextual restrictions on words under comparison. The article generalizes the experience of usin
Patroeva Natal’ja V., Kuleva Anna S.
Ljusina Valentina S.
Kisilier Maksim L.
Scientiﬁc approach to the Modern Greek dialects dates back as far as the late 19th century. For a long time the research was concentrated on description of separate dialects. In 1892 famous Greek linguist Georgios Hatzidakis proposed to divide Greek dialects into Northern and Southern. This subdivision remained the only attempt to classify Greek dialects for almost eighty years until Brian Newton managed to formulate a set of phonological features and to arrange all Greek dialects in ﬁ ve groups. This classiﬁ cation does not take into account even major phonetic and syntactic isoglosses, and not all Greek dialects were included. Nevertheless it still remains the best, and all posterior improvements and emendations do not seem very successful. The paper aims to analyze the main principles of the existing classiﬁcations and to discuss the selection of the isoglosses for the future investigation.
Nikitina Elena N.
The article studies Russian indeﬁnite-personal and impersonal sentences in their relation to the categories of deﬁ niteness / indeﬁniteness and evidentiality. The author shows a relation between evidential meanings, types of modus and roles of speaker. The concrete meanings of the mentioned categories (indeﬁniteness of agent and unavailability of visual perception) can semantically intersect in the perceptive modus (speaker as observer). Semantic interaction between indeﬁ niteness and unreliability of sensor perception is analyzed within text of different genres.
Škapa Marija V.
Zaliznjak Anna A.
The article summarizes some results of the work on the «Catalogue of semantic shifts in the languages of the world» and determines its relationship to synchronic lexical semantics and diachronically oriented semantic typology, from which it originates, as well as to the modern lexical typology which it actually entered. Some speciﬁcations are proposed concerning the concepts of semantic shift and types of realization of semantic shift.
Buras Marija M., Krongauz Maksim A.
The paper describes a fragment of speech etiquette: forms of address prevailing in family communication in Russian culture are studied. The description is based on the analysis of questionnaires developed by the authors and ﬁlled out by about 450 respondents. Special attention is paid to the distribution of names and kinship terms as forms of address. It is proposed to distinguish three types of families – patriarchal, democratic, intermediate – with different rules of such distribution. The authors introduce a concept of pragmatic shift. Types of pragmatic shifts while addressing are described as well as family communication strategies which stipulate them.
Vydrin Arsenij P.
The article is a corpus-based study of two modal constructions in Iron Ossetic; both of them are not mentioned in standard grammars. One of the constructions conveys participant-external possibility and the other one – participant-internal possibility (in terms of [van der Auwera, Plungian 1998]). I examine morpho-syntactic and semantic peculiarities of the constructions and compare them to the Russian dative-inﬁnitive construction. I also consider grammatical means for participant-external and participant-internal possibilities in other Caucasian and Iranian languages and propose grammaticalization paths of the Ossetic possibility constructions. The typological value of the discovered Ossetic constructions is a grammatical opposition of participant-internal possibility and participant-external possibility; a kind of opposition which to the best of my knowledge has not been attested in the typology of modality. The Ossetic possibility constructions support, on grammatical grounds, the division of non-epistemic possibility to participant-internal and participant-external possibilities, the division which, according to typological studies of modality, was ﬁrst made mainly on semantic grounds.
Kožanov Kirill A., Oslon Mixail V.
Kožanov Kirill A., Oskol’skaja Sof’jaA., Oslon Mixail V.