Snesareva Marina Yu.
Volkov Oleg S.
Stenin Ivan A.
The paper discusses the main features of Tundra Nenets grammar, which is in many respects quite peculiar from a cross-linguistic perspective. Special attention is paid to the new book by Irina Nikolaeva «A Grammar of Tundra Nenets» (De Gruyter Mouton, 2014) uncovering a great deal of hitherto virtually unexamined aspects of Tundra Nenets syntax. Careful consideration is given to the weak and strong points of the description as well as its important role in the context of Samoyedic studies.
Pupynina Maria Yu., Syuryun Arzhaana A.
Falileyev I. Falileyev
Boroday Sergey Ju.
The core of Indo-European worldview is the metaphor of light. Birth is conceptualized as «coming into the light», life - as «an ability to see the sun». The world is viewed as «everything under the sun», and the sun is imagined as measure of its being. Divine is conceptualized as light, diurnal and celestial; the gods are situated on the sky. Poetry and cult are associated with the ideas of light and mystic vision. The central part of Indo-European proto-ontology is constituted by the notion of «truth» (*h
Tatiana M. Nikolaeva
The author proposes to consider linguistics as a confederation including the linguistics of speech and the linguistics of language. The linguistics of speech is not the fluent speech as such and is not the product of language activity. The most part of linguistics of speech constitutes the so-called «communicative fond»: interjections, particulae, particles, the word order and the whole system of language prosody. In the broad sense the linguistics of speech includes also the encirclement of an utterance.
Magomed I. Magomedov, Arsen K. Abdulaev, Annie Gagliardi, Maria Polinsky
This paper follows two related goals. First, it introduces a simple methodology that can be used to investigate first language acquisition in lesser-studied languages, including those that may be endangered. The proposed methodology consists of three steps, namely, (i) corpus building, (ii) data mining based on that corpus, and (iii) subsequent experimental studies motivated by patterns observed in the corpus. The second goal of this paper is to apply the proposed methodology to the investigation of noun-class acquisition in the Nakh-Dagestanian language Tsez. Based on the proposed methodology, we have constructed a new corpus of child-directed speech and child language (about ten hours of speech), which we analyze to determine the role of predictive cues that help the learner assign a given noun to a noun class. Since Tsez does not overtly mark agreement on all its verbs or adjectives, we also use the corpus data to assess the extent of overt noun-class agreement. We conclude that a variety of semantic and phonological (formal) cues allow Tsez speakers to determine the noun class of a given nominal. We then present and analyze an elicited-production experiment that uncovers asymmetries in the classification of nouns with predictive features in the corpus and by children and adults. We show that children are biased to use phonological information over semantic information, despite a statistical asymmetry in the other direction.
Klyucheva Maria A.
The article deals with a Mari game mituli, which is considered in context of Volga-Uralian game folklore. The name of this game is compared with related game terms in Finno-Ugric, Turkic languages and Russian dialects, and on this basis its etymology is revealed.
Suprun Vasily I.
Rodmonga Rodmonga K., Vsevolod Vsevolod V.