ВОПРОСЫ ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЯ

  • Publisher Федеральное государственное унитарное предприятие Академический научно-издательский, производственно-полиграфический и книгораспространительский центр Наука
  • Country Россия
  • Web https://elibrary.ru/title_about.asp?id=7716

Content

19th International congress of linguists

Kuznecov Valerij G., Vel’mezova Ekaterina

7th International conference "Phonetics today"

Timofeev Viktor V.

A few remarks on the imperfect forms in Tocharian A

Itkin Il’ja B.

The paper is dedicated to the problem of two past tenses in the Tocharian languages conventionally named «imperfect» and «preterit». It is demonstrated that the existing descriptions of semantics and usage of these two forms are unsatisfactory and the treatment of many verbal forms in Tocharian A, in which the formation of imperfect and preterit can follow the same pattern, is arbitrary. The paper introduces a distributional-syntactic criterion of distinction between imperfect and preterit in Tocharian A and proposes a new interpretation of some verbal forms and their contexts. The question of why the imperfect of the verb «to go» behaves so strange is particularly regarded.

Control and negation: Semantic interaction

Apresjan Valentina Ju.

The paper examines the semantic structure of different types of predicates as well as their interaction with negation. Three types of predicates are considered - physical causatives (such as ‘to pour', ‘to punch in', ‘to drag'), emotional causatives (such as ‘to anger', ‘to sadden', ‘to hurt one's feelings', ‘to please'), interpretatives (such as ‘to sin', ‘to spoil', ‘to make a mistake'). Their semantic structures include two components: ‘action' and ‘result' (which can be a physical or an emotional state, or an interpretation). The hypothesis is that the status of the component ‘action' in the semantic structure of the predicate and, hence, its interaction with negation, are contingent on the degree of control that this action implies. The greater is the degree of control, the closer are causal relations between the action and its result; therefore, these two semantic components are inextricably connected in the semantic structure. They belong to the same level of semantic representation, namely, to its assertive part and can, therefore, be negated. The lower is the degree of control, the weaker are causal relations between the action and its result; therefore, these two semantic components belong to different levels of semantic representation, namely, to its presupposition (‘action') and to its assertive part (‘result'), with only the latter being available to negation.

. Essais de syntaxe russe et contrastive. Aix-en-Provence: Publications de l’Université de Provence, 2011

Sičinava Dmitrij V.

International conference "Constructional and lexical semantic approaches to Russian"

Stojnova Natal’ja M.

Modern challenges of the semantic and motivational reconstruction of folk toponymy

Berezovič Elena L.

The article addresses the urgent need of semantic-motivational reconstruction of folk toponymy. The research is based on Russian materials extracted mainly from unpublished field card indexes of toponymic expedition of the Ural university in the territories of the Russian North, the Upper Volga region, the Middle Urals. The features of semantic reconstruction of familiar words (especially polysemous) are considered from the point of view of toponymy; the study of toponymic pragmatics and situations of interaction between realia and nominator is discussed; the issues of interpretation of specific toponymic models that are not supported by common nouns are addressed; the need for new ways to conceptualize mutual transitions in the areas of proper and apellative names is argued for. Attention is given to the auxiliary methods helping to implement semantic reconstruction of place names, to linguostatistical analysis in particular.

Modern Votic: Texts and grammar: A monography in 2 vol. St. Petersburg: Nestor-Istorija, 2011

Muslimov Mexmet Z.

Robots, evolution, and construction grammar

Kuznecova Julija L.

This paper presents works of the research group led by Luc Steels. The group models language evolution using man-like robots as subjects. The paper uses results of several experiments as examples. We see how robots classify objects (in the experiment robots tag and group different colors). We observe how robots use concepts related to embodiment (concepts sit, lie and stand are used to describe objects’ location). We see how robots acquire language constructions (Russian prefixed verbs serve as an example).

Teleut: Intonation of declarative and interrogative utterances

Šestera Elena A.

In this paper intonation of statements and questions of the Teleut language is under consideration. The utterances were pronounced by the Teleut speakers and were recorded in normal conditions. The area where the Teleut people live is Bekovo, Belovo district, Kemerovo region, Russian Federation. We analyzed the phrases by help of computer programs Speech Analyzer 3.01 and Wave Assistant using audiovisual method, and relying on speakers' perception.

The discourse of court as a cultural phenomenon: National cultural features in the speech of judges (case studies of court sessions in Russia, England, and Australia)

Dubrovskaja Tat’jana V.

The present paper explores courtroom discourse as a cultural phenomenon. It is aimed at revealing differences in discursive behaviour of Russian, English and Australian judges, and accounting for them in terms of the historical development of the legal systems, social factors, as well as specifics of national mentalities. The analysis consider three aspects of judges’ behaviour: the degree of verbal activity, evaluation and emotionality, and politeness.

Towards the classification of nominal forms in SouthWestern Iranian

Ivanov Vladimir B.

In order to correct existing systems of description of word inflection in closely related southwestern Iranian languages (Persian, Tajik and Dari), status of the izafat and the article is revised. The first one is a specialized affix of the vertex marking of the word in the izafat construction within the word boundaries. The second one not only marks the determination, but at the same time can serve as a link, i.e. as a marker of the vertex position of a noun in a word-combination. But as opposed to the izafat, it is localized outside the word boundaries and forms an analytic word form. Besides that, vocative forms are brought into the paradigm of the noun inflection that are formed from the initial form with the help of affixes and/or intonation and prosody.

. Why Russian aspectual prefixes aren’t empty: Prefixes as verb classifiers. Bloomington (Indiana): Slavica, 2013

Pečenyj Aleksandr P.

G.G. CORBETT. FEATURES. CAMBRIDGE: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS, 2012

ХОЛОДИЛОВА МАРИЯ АЛЕКСАНДРОВНА

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