Ovchinnikova Irina G., Akhutina Tatyana V.
Dobrovol'skij Dmitrij O.
The article discusses the relationship between Construction Grammar and phraseology. At present, Construction Grammar (CxG) is a conglomerate of different approaches and concepts rather than a unified theory. Basic principles shared by all CxG approaches include the rejection of a clear boundary between grammar and lexicon and the repudiation of the static view of language, according to which utterances are constructed from lexical units with fixed meanings joined together by regular grammatical rules independent of these meanings. CxG focuses on the dynamic aspects of utterance generation. The elements from which the utterance is constructed are sensitive to their environment and influence the very means by which syntactic phrases are formed. In other words, the meaning of the units of the lexicon depends on syntax, and syntax depends on the selection of lexical units. Since phraseology is by definition located in the intermediate zone between lexicon and grammar, the interests of Construction Grammar and the theory of phraseology quite naturally intersect. In order to research the specific features of the phraseological system it is important to identify these points of intersection - that is, to determine in which cases the use of the ideas and metalinguistic instruments of CxG can be useful for developing the theory of phraseology. A number of such instances are discussed in the article
Zholobov Oleg F.
The article deals with the functioning of Perfective Imperfect and the dimensions of its usage. Perfective Imperfect was mainly used in habitual situations, when the events acquired a ritualized character or had an established order. It denoted mainly a multiplicity of completed actions in the past, though the distributive component of its semantics was completely not excluded. The paper presents some evidence of quite a widespread usage of Perfective Imperfect in Old Church Slavonic. These facts help us to have a fresh look at the evolution of Perfective Imperfect, as it has been considered before that Perfective Imperfect didn’t have a Proto-Slavic origin. The appearance of Perfective Imperfect is determined by the development of aspect as a category in the Present tense stems, with which the Imperfect correlated, in Proto-Slavic.
Stoynova Natal'ya M.
The paper deals with the double use of ‘again’-markers. The meaning of repetition can be marked twice for one predicate either by two derivational affixes or by an affix (re-) and a lexeme (e.g. again). The resulting interpretation can be redundant (with the same meaning of ‘do again’) or recursive (‘again [to do again]’). All these cases are discussed with recourse to crosslinguistic data, with special attention focused on some particular cases in Russian. The picture presented leads us to more general observations on the nature of double derivational markers, such as the features of double derivational markers in comparison to inflectional ones; the predictions about the interpretation of a double marker, when the meanings of its components are not fully identical and the connection between the semantics of double markers and their morphological status.
The paper explores the actionality and argument structure of non-derived verbs in Tundra Nenets and identifies the mechanisms of interaction between the event structure speficied for a verb stem and the conjugation types licensed for that stem
Romaniya Gleb I., Klyucheva Maria A.
In the article the etymology of several semantically obscure opening words of Russian exclamation (“shouting”) formulas in children's games of “red rover” type is examined. Most of them occur in the Volga-Kama area. It is shown that these phrases were crystallised largely due to language contact and borrowing in a multi-ethnic region. The processes of semantisation and re-semantisation (semantic adaptation), associated with the borrowing of lexical items from game dialogues, are analysed. Inter alia, it is pointed out that consonantal changes are much more characteristic of the desemantised (in particular, by borrowing into another language) exclamatory game utterances than vocalic and rhythmic changes
Kapitanova Yulia S.
ЛЕТУЧИЙ АЛЕКСАНДР БОРИСОВИЧ
ПОТАПОВАА РОДМОНГА КОНДРАТЬЕВНА, ПОТАПОВ ВСЕВОЛОД ВИКТОРОВИЧ
ПАДУЧЕВА ЕЛЕНА ВИКТОРОВНА
Известно, что местоимения на -нибудь недопустимы в сфере действия отрицания - попадая под отрицание, они заменяются на соответствующие отрицательные. Так, смысл ‘неверно, что он (хоть) что-нибудь изменил в своей статье’ выражается предложением Он ничего не изменил в своей статье, а не *Он чего-нибудь не изменил в своей статье. Было, однако, обнаружено, что это правило может нарушаться. Так, в примере Откусила, подставив снизу ладошку лодочкой, чтобы чего-нибудь не уронить (из НКРЯ) местоимение на -нибудь входит в сферу действия отрицания. В статье показано, что это явление ограничено контекстами снятой утвердительности (т. е. модальными и подобными модальным).
МАЙСАК ТИМУР АНАТОЛЬЕВИЧ