Dar'ja F. Miscenko
Levashov Alexander M., Prokhorov Alexander V.
The distribution of non-stressed intervals (the interval grid) is analyzed in 25 blank poems by Joseph Brodsky, which do not fit into the templates of classical accentual-syllabic meters. The poems are divided into groups according to interval grid structure. Metrical features of each group are described.
Gippius Alexey A., Zaliznyak Andrey A.
The article is a preliminary publication of the birchbark letters found in Novgorod during the archeological season of 2015.
Zakharov Victor P., Nikolaev Ilya S., Khokhlova Maria V.
Stoynova Natalia M.
The paper deals with the verbal suffix -nda with the meaning of “motion-cum-purpose” (‘to go to do V') in Nanai. The discussion of crosslinguistic relevance of the motion-cum-purpose category is focused on the data of Nanai, and particularly on the possibility of morphological expression of this meaning without combination with any spatial meaning (including deictic ones ‘here'/‘there'). The event structure of the verb marked by the affix of motion-cum-purpose is also discussed, especially its argument structure - the expression of both arguments of the initial verb and arguments of the motion verb. Different results are revealed for the finite use of the nda-verb and for the pleonastic construction “converb-nda + motion verb”. The first one behaves rather like expressing one single event of motion-cum-purpose, while the second one gives evidence for the bieventual interpretation and shows both features of bi- and monoclausality.
Berezovich Elena L., Surikova Olesia D.
This article examines the history of the Russian Gallicism kuraz in comparison with its counterparts in various European languages (English, German, Western and Eastern Slavic). This word is recognized as a multi-channel borrowing, because it has penetrated into different registers of the Russian language: on the one hand, directly from the French - into literary language; on the other, through German mediation (possibly via additional West Slavic links) - into colloquial language, soldier's jargon, dialects. According to the authors, it was German mediation that gave impetus to significant semantic shifts of the word kuraz in folk speech, in which a variety of negative meanings (including those associated with alcoholism) are present. The authors reconstruct an extensive word family of the headword kuraz, reveal its semantic structure, carry out etymological interpretation of a number of dialect words from this word family, and describe the logic of contamination processes in which they are engaged
Dobrushina Nina R.
This study considers the use of the subjunctive in universal conditional concession (UCC) clauses of the type Kto by niprishel, vsekhpuskali (‘Whoever would come was admitted’). In these contexts, the use of the subjunctive cannot be explained by the irrealis component of its semantics, because it can be substituted with the indicative and apparently introduces real situations. A corpus analysis of this type of subordinate clauses suggests that here the subjunctive designates non-referential, habitual situations. The claim is supported by the evidence from the choice of aspect - in indicative UCC clauses, the predicate cannot be perfective whereas the use of the subjunctive removes this constraint.
Gorbunova Irina M.
This paper is devoted to a typologically overlooked phenomenon, viz. deictic locative copulas, in Atayal, an Austronesian language spoken in northern Taiwan. Three locative copulas (distal, proximal and neutral) in Atayal are considered. In our analysis of the deictic opposition between them a rather complex spatial structure with more than two deictic areas is revealed, one of those areas being inaccessible for both distal and proximal copulas. To express location in this particular area one has to use the neutral copula. According to our data, the deictic properties of the distal and proximal copulas affect their grammaticalized uses (in progressive and resultative constructions) as well. Due to the fact that the neutral copula has grammati- calized differently, the progressive construction is never used to indicate situations located where the deictic copulas cannot be used.