Petrukhin Pavel V.
Molina Maria A.
Oskolskaia Polina A.
The article proposes an analysis of a verbal form in the Tuvan language used to express future, prospective semantics and some modal meanings, which has never been described in Tuvan grammars. The form derives from the future participle -r and possessive affixes used in this case as personal markers. The additional (and optional as well) component is the particle ol, which can be omitted with no effect on the interpretation of the construction. This verbal form has developed as a result of grammaticalization of a polypredicative construction.
Afanasyeva Tatiana I.
The article studies a special meaning of tauto-subjective Dative Absolute - the meaning of secondary predicate, found in Russian translations of the 14
Kukhto Anton V., Piperski Alexander Ch.
Pekelis Olga E.
In this paper a semantic and syntactic analysis is provided of a biclausal construction containing the pronoun eto (‘it') in Russian, where eto is anaphorically bound by a prepositive adverbial clause (cf.: Esli svetit solnce, eto horošo, lit. ‘If the sun shines, it is good'). It is argued that this construction serves to modify the truth value of the proposition which enters the construction twice (first, as an adverbial clause, and then as an eto-pronoun). The very possibility of this modification is shown to be linked to the inherent properties of the construction's basic components, that is, of the conjunction introducing the adverbial clause and the eto-pronoun. The suggested analysis helps to explain the formal properties of the construction in question, in particular, the range of conjunctions and matrix predicates allowed.
Arkadiev Peter M.
The article presents a typological study of double marking (by means of case and verbal agreement) of objects (monotransitive patients and ditransitive recipients) in ca. 80 genealogically and geographically diverse languages. The investigation considers the factors that determine the patterns of double marking of objects, similarities and differences in the formal expression of different object relations, the types of mismatch between head and dependent marking, and instances of areal diffusion of this phenomenon. It is shown, first, that contrary to the claims advanced in the literature, double marking of recipients is more frequent and systematic than that of patients and, second, that the best represented type of double marking involves both the recipient and the prominent (animate/definite/topical) patient, and that in such cases identical marking is often used for both roles.
Makarova Anastasia B.
Using a comparative analysis of the semantics of Russian prefixes pri- and pod-, the present article demonstrates the advantages of representing linguistic units characterized by complex semantics in terms of semantic networks with prototype and periphery. This kind of analysis enables us to identify similarities and differences between linguistic units, as well as helps us better understand partial synonymy. Unlike other existing works, where the overlap in the prototype and central elements of semantic networks is described, we focus on the peripheral overlap of semantic networks. We show that semantic networks of the prefixes pri- and pod- in Russian, which have different spatial prototypes, display a significant overlap on the periphery of their radial categories. In the overlapping zone we find attenuativity and the related submeanings. Using the toolbox of cognitive linguistics and data from the Russian National Corpus, we reveal connections between attenuative and spatial submeanings of the two prefixes and explain the existence of the overlap between their semantic networks.
Plungian Vladimir A., Semionova Xenia P.
The paper discusses the morphological status and the origin of instrumental plural form in Classical Armenian. This form is typologically unique in two ways: first, it is the only segmentable form within the flective declensional paradigms in Classical Armenian, which consists of the instrumental case marker and a separate plural marker -k‘; second, this plural marker occupies a peculiar linear position after the case marker (and not before it, unlike in all standard agglutinative declension patterns). It is argued that the notion of “decumulation” can account for some properties of Classical Armenian declension; a hypothesis of late clitic origins of the plural marker within the form in question is also discussed.