Tiskin Daniil B., Simorina Anastasija S., Porickij Vladislav V.
Babaev Kirill V.
Kabinina Nadezda V.
Rusakov Aleksandr Ju.
Podlesskaja Vera I., Starodubceva Anna V.
Investigated are lexical, grammatical and prosodic resources that allow the speaker to refer to objects and events for which the speaker fails to retrieve the exact name, or simply finds the exact name to be unnecessary or inappropriate. Structurally, these resources can be used instead of the supposed exact correlate (as a cover bleached nomination) or together with it (as a signal that the speaker doesn't take the full responsibility for the given actual nomination it is added to). As a case study, Japanese converbs that express inexhaustive list of actions (the so-called atari forms») are described in detail.
Tatevosov Sergej G.
The article offers a theory accounting for the internal structure of a verb stem in Russian and, specifically, for constraints on multiple prefixation. The theory consists of two components. The first component relies on the hypothesis, independently motivated in the literature, that verbal prefixes fall into two types, lexical (internal) and superlexical (external). The second component is a novel hypothesis that the group of external prefixes is not homogeneous: some of them observe a selectional restriction, others are positionally restricted. The selectional restriction says that a stem to which a prefix attaches must be formally imperfective. The positional restriction bans a prefix merging on top of the so called secondary imperfective morpheme. The main focus of the article is to explore the predictions the theory makes with respect to the derivational potential of a verb stem, namely, its ability to undergo imperfec-tivization, adjectivization and nominalization.
Vydrin Arsenij P.
Uryson Elena V.
According to traditional grammar conjunctions are words connecting clauses (or words / word combinations). Still many conjunctions can also connect sentences and longer fragments of texts, being in fact connectors (these are «soft» conjunctions), while some conjunctions are able to connect only clauses (these are «hard» conjunctions). Many Russian conjunctions, both coordinating and subordinating, are soft, but there are also hard coordinating and subordinating conjunctions. Hard conjunctions are easily described in the frameworks of valency theory as predicates with (at least) two semantic and syntactic actants. Soft conjunctions and connectors also have two semantic actants. But at least one of these actants cannot be revealed in a text by an algorithm. It is argued that some refinements of valency theory are necessary for representing syntactic properties of connectors and soft conjunctions.
Grisina Elena A.
The paper describes the Russian system of head pointing. The author analyzes the data of the Multimodal Russian Corpus (MURCO) from the statistical point of view, and singles out the main semantic, pragmatic, and referential factors, which affect the selection of the type of head pointing as a co-speech gesture. The gestures head forward, tilt, nod, and chin pointing seem to be the most frequent types of head pointing in Russian. The author also analyzes the relations between head and hand pointing, and the main types of syntactical gestural constructions.
Dubasova Anzelika V., Mazurova Julija V., Nikolaeva Julija V., Xudjakova Marija V.
Suprun Vasilij I.